Riga Technical University

Riga Technical University (RTU) (Latvian: Rīgas Tehniskā universitāte) is the oldest technical university in the Baltic countries established on October 14, 1862. It is located in Riga, Latvia and was previously known as 'Riga Polytechnical Institute' and 'Riga Polytechnicum'.

Riga Technical University
Rīgas Tehniskā universitāte
Latin: Universitas technica Rigensis
Former name
Riga Polytechnical Institute (1862–1918)
Established1862; 161 years ago (1862)
BudgetEUR 85,339,354 (2021)[1]
RectorTālis Juhna
Academic staff
882 (2022)[2]
Students10,689 (headcount 2022, 22% foreign nationals)[3]
Undergraduates7696 (2022)[4]
Postgraduates2993 (2022)[5]
Ķīpsalas Street 6A
, ,
CampusUrban, 11.8 hectares (29 acres)
ColoursDark green  
University rankings
Regional – Overall
QS Emerging Europe and Central Asia[7]57 (2022)

In 1958, the Riga Polytechnic Institute was established as a separate institution, separating the departments of engineering from the Latvian State University. Over the years, the Riga Polytechnic Institute evolved and expanded its academic offerings, becoming one of the leading technical universities in the region. In 1990, it was renamed Riga Technical University (RTU), and today, it has nine faculties and is the largest STEM oriented university in Latvia.

In the 2022 QS EECA university rankings, RTU was ranked 57th among the universities in Eastern Europe and Central Asia.[8][9]

History Edit

Riga Polytechnical Institute (1862–1918) Edit

Riga Polytechnicum was first established in 1862 and was the first poly technical institute in Imperial Russia. It offered degrees in agriculture, chemistry, engineering, mechanics, trade and architecture, with education in German.

In addition to four technical faculties (architecture, engineering, mechanical engineering, chemistry), the polytechnic also included an agricultural and a commercial faculty. The first lecturers came from Germany, Switzerland and Austria-Hungary. The language of instruction was German.

Between 1863 and 1869, the number of students grew from sixteen to ninety. In 1869 the polytechnic moved into a new building. Since there was a lack of technical universities in Russia, many students - especially from the Baltic Sea governments - had gone to study at ETH Zurich, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, TU Dresden and Leibniz University Hannover. That should be changed. On January 1, 1874, Alexander II of Russia introduced general conscription. Now all men from the age of 21 had to serve fifteen years, six in Imperial Russian Army and nine in the reserve. For graduates of the Russian university who wanted to study, the period of service was only six months. This difference led to a significant increase in student numbers. At the beginning of the academic year 1874/75, 59 students enrolled, the total student body comprised 201 members. In the course of Russification, Nicholas II of Russia nationalized the university by decree of May 6, 1896. From 1896 to 1918 it was called the Riga Polytechnic Institute (Rīgas Politehniskais institūts - RPI). The number of students continued to increase, reaching 2088 students in 1913/14. In 1918/19 the Polytechnic was called the Baltic Technical University (Baltijas Tehniskā augstskola).

In 1896, it was renamed Riga Polytechnical Institute and the language of instruction was changed to Russian. The establishment of a faculty of architecture at the Polytechnicum in 1869 was instrumental in providing Riga with a group of locally trained architects, with consequences for the development of the characteristic Art Nouveau architecture in Riga.[10]

When World War I started in 1914, the Riga Polytechnical Institute was evacuated to Moscow and worked there until 1918. After that, part of the faculty returned to Latvia and joined the newly established University of Latvia.

In 1919, the university was incorporated as a technical faculty of the Latvian University of Applied Sciences (Latvijas Augstskola, since 1923: University of Latvia), which was founded after independence. On September 1, 1958, their technical faculties were spun off again and raised to an independent university. From 1958 to 1983 it was called the Riga Polytechnic Institute, and then renamed the Arvīds Pelše Institute of Technology in Riga (Arvīda Pelšes vārdā nosauktais Rīgas politehniskais institūts). In the mid-1970s, the university became the largest university in the Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic. It has been called the Riga Technical University since March 1990. On April 23, 1992, a student parliament was founded. It is the oldest student self-government in Latvia.

Riga Technical University, 1958–present Edit

Riga Polytechnical Institute was re-established in 1958 by splitting off the engineering departments from the State University of Latvia. In 1990, it was renamed to Riga Technical University. The university currently consists of 9 faculties:[11][12]

  • Faculty of Architecture and Urban planning
  • Faculty of Electronics and Telecommunications
    • Institute of Telecommunications
    • Institute of Microwave Engineering and Electronics
  • Faculty of E-Learning Technologies and Humanities
  • Faculty of Electrical and Environmental Engineering
    • Institute of Industrial Electronics and Electrical Engineering
    • Institute of Power Engineering
    • Institute of Energy Systems and Environment
  • Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology
    • Institute of Information Technology
    • Institute of Smart Computer Technologies
    • Institute of Applied Computer Systems
    • Institute of Applied Mathematics
  • Faculty of Materials Science and Applied Chemistry
    • Institute of Polymer Materials
    • Institute of General Chemical Engineering
    • Institute of Technical Physics
    • Institute of Applied Chemistry
    • Institute of Technology of Organic Chemistry
    • Institute of Design Technologies
    • Institute of Materials and Surface Engineering
    • Institute of Particle Physics and Accelerator Technologies
  • Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Transport and Aeronautics
    • Institute of Aeronautics
    • Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Nanotechnologies
    • Institute of Transport
    • Institute of Mechanics and Mechanical Engineering
  • Faculty of Engineering Economics and Management
  • Faculty of Civil Engineering
    • Institute of Transport Infrastructure Engineering
    • Institute of Structural Engineering
    • Institute of Heat, Gas and Water Technology
    • Institute of Construction Technology
    • Institute of Materials and Structures
    • Water Systems and Biotechnology Institute
  • Latvian Maritime Academy

As of 2020, it had 14,006 students. 3,525 out of these students were foreign students and 514 doctoral students.

Riga Business School Edit

The Riga Business School is a management–education institution within Riga Technical University. It was founded in 1991, in close cooperation with the State University of New York at Buffalo (USA) and the University of Ottawa (Canada), and it was the first higher education institution in the Baltic states that offered Master of Business Administration (MBA) programs in English.[13]

The school currently has more than 800 MBA graduates, mostly middle- and upper-level managers both in Latvia and abroad. The education standards and structure are adopted from the North-American style MBA, which contains case studies, working in groups, and active participation in classrooms.

Rankings Edit

In March 2017, RTU announced that it had won the first place among universities in Latvia in the international U-Multirank rating. The employment of RTU graduates is rated the highest (at the A level). The same evaluation was given to the university for bachelor's programs in English, for self-created or spin-off companies, for the post-doctoral study process and creativity in science.[14]

RTU is also the highest rated Latvian higher education institution «Times Higher Education Rating» in the 2020 Sustainability Assessment,[15] which evaluates the performance of universities in sustainable development. place in the group of the highest rated universities. RTU was rated the highest in the category "Planet protection" - in 2020 RTU was recognized as the 14th best in the world in this field[16]

RTU is also included in other European and world-class university rankings such as "QS World University Rating", "Eduniversal" and "GreenMetric".

Notable faculty and alumni Edit

Some of its most notable graduates are the Latvian-born Nobel Prize laureate Wilhelm Ostwald, the legendary Mayor of Riga George Armitstead, the former President of Latvia Andris Bērziņš, Prime Minister Valdis Dombrovskis and many others who have earned distinction in science and society.

Wilhelm Ostwald, by Nicola Perscheid

Affiliations and alliances Edit

The Riga Technical University is one of the eight holders of the European University of Technology, EUt+,[17] with the Technical University of Sofia, Bulgaria, the Cyprus University of Technology, Cyprus, the Hochschule Darmstadt, University of Applied Sciences, Germany, the Technological University Dublin, Ireland, Polytechnic University of Cartagena, Spain, the University of Technology of Troyes, France, the Technological University Dublin, Ireland and the Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

The European University of Technology, EUt+ is the result of the alliance of eight European partners who share in common :

  • the "Think Human First" vision towards a human-centred approach to technology
  • the ambition to establish a new type of institution on a confederal basis

Through EUt+, the partners are committed to creating a sustainable future for students and learners in European countries, for the staff of each of the institutions and for the territories and regions where each campus is anchored.

Gallery Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ "RTU Yearbook 2021" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2023-04-15.
  2. ^ "Riga Technical University". Top Universities. Retrieved 2023-04-15.
  3. ^ "Riga Technical University". Top Universities. Retrieved 2023-04-15.
  4. ^ "Riga Technical University". Top Universities. Retrieved 2023-04-15.
  5. ^ "Riga Technical University". Top Universities. Retrieved 2023-04-15.
  6. ^ "Membership in International Organizations | Riga Technical University". www.rtu.lv. Retrieved 2023-04-15.
  7. ^ "QS World University Rankings-Emerging Europe & Central Asia". Retrieved 15 January 2023.
  8. ^ "EECA University Rankings 2022". Top Universities. Retrieved 2023-04-15.
  9. ^ "Riga Technical University". Top Universities. Retrieved 2023-04-15.
  10. ^ Krastins, Janis (2006). "Architecture and Urban Development of Art Nouveau – Metropolis Riga". International Review of Sociology. 16 (2): 395–425. doi:10.1080/03906700600709327.
  11. ^ Structure and administration: RTU Structure
  12. ^ "RTU_struktura_1.pielikums_11.04.2023_eng.pdf (RTU structure)" (PDF). 2023.
  13. ^ "History of RBS". Riga Business School. Archived from the original on 2022-08-09.
  14. ^ Starptautiskajā «U-Multirank» reitingā RTU — pirmajā vietā starp universitātēm Latvijā. / rtu.lv
  15. ^ Rankings 2020
  16. ^ Reitingi[dead link]
  17. ^ "European University of Technology, EUt+ Website". European University of Technology. Retrieved 13 May 2020.

External links Edit

56°56′50″N 24°06′17″E / 56.9472°N 24.1047°E / 56.9472; 24.1047