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Sumas is a small town in Whatcom County, Washington, United States. The population was 1,307 at the 2010 census. Sumas is located adjacent to the Canada–US border and borders the city of Abbotsford, British Columbia. The Sumas-Huntingdon port of entry at the north end of State Route 9 operates 24 hours a day. Sumas shares Nooksack Valley School District with the towns of Nooksack and Everson. Sumas is the northernmost settlement on Washington State Route 9 and experiences Astronomical Twilight for 22 days during the months of June and July.

Sumas, Washington
City
SumasSign.JPG
Location of Sumas, Washington
Location of Sumas, Washington
Sumas, Washington is located in Washington (state)
Sumas, Washington
Sumas, Washington
Location of Sumas, Washington
Coordinates: 48°59′50″N 122°15′56″W / 48.99722°N 122.26556°W / 48.99722; -122.26556Coordinates: 48°59′50″N 122°15′56″W / 48.99722°N 122.26556°W / 48.99722; -122.26556
CountryUnited States
StateWashington
CountyWhatcom
Government
 • Mayor[1]Kyle Christensen
Area[2]
 • Total1.48 sq mi (3.83 km2)
 • Land1.48 sq mi (3.83 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation43 ft (13 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total1,307
 • Estimate (2015)[4]1,373
 • Density883.1/sq mi (341.0/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific (PST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code98295
Area code360
FIPS code53-68330
GNIS feature ID1512699[5]
Highways SR 9
SR 547
WebsiteCity of Sumas

Contents

HistoryEdit

A post office called Sumas has been in operation since 1897.[6] The community was named after the Sumas First Nation.[7] Sumas was officially incorporated on June 18, 1891.[8]

GeographyEdit

Sumas is located at 48°59′50″N 122°15′56″W / 48.99722°N 122.26556°W / 48.99722; -122.26556 (48.997278, -122.265522).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.48 square miles (3.83 km2), all of it land.[2]

Due to a surveying error, part of Sumas lies above the 49th parallel and is thus the northernmost incorporated place in the contiguous United States.[10][11]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1900319
1910902182.8%
1920854−5.3%
1930647−24.2%
19406500.5%
19506581.2%
1960629−4.4%
197072214.8%
1980712−1.4%
19907444.5%
200096029.0%
20101,30736.1%
Est. 20161,409[12]7.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
2015 Estimate[4]
 
Sumas border crossing

2010 censusEdit

At the 2010 census,[3] there were 1,307 people, 482 households and 329 families residing in the city. The population density was 883.1 inhabitants per square mile (341.0/km2). There were 531 housing units at an average density of 358.8 per square mile (138.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.7% White, 1.5% African American, 2.4% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 6.6% from other races, and 4.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.8% of the population.

There were 482 households of which 39.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.7% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.27.

The median age in the city was 30.6 years. 28.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 12.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.2% were from 25 to 44; 21.3% were from 45 to 64; and 10.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.

2000 censusEdit

At the 2000 census, there were 960 people, 346 households and 236 families residing in the town. The population density was 687.5 per square mile (264.8/km²). There were 401 housing units at an average density of 287.2 per square mile (110.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 86.15% White, 3.23% Native American, 4.17% Asian, 4.79% from other races, and 1.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.81% of the population.

There were 346 households of which 39.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.8% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.42.

35.0% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 17.6% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.0 males.

The median household income was $29,297 and the median family income was $36,250. Males had a median income of $30,227 compared with $20,268 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,497. About 13.9% of families and 18.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.1% of those under age 18 and 14.9% of those age 65 or over.

Municipal servicesEdit

The City of Sumas provides electricity to residents and businesses purchased from the Bonneville Power Administration, as well as offering water, sewer, and analog cable service including a mix of Seattle major networks, Canadian broadcast TV, expanded cable channels, and Showtime.[14]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bob Bromley". Libertarian Party. Retrieved 2014-09-09.
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
  4. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 19, 2016. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "Post Offices". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
  7. ^ Meany, Edmond S. (1923). Origin of Washington geographic names. Seattle: University of Washington Press. p. 296.
  8. ^ "Cities and Towns, State of Washington Dates of Incorporation, Disincorporation, and Changes of Classification". Municipal Research and Services Center. Archived from the original on November 26, 2013. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. ^ Judd, Ron (February 13, 2015). "Canada, Seattle's neighbor to the north? Nope, better check your map". The Seattle Times. Retrieved June 21, 2017.
  11. ^ Hopper, Tristin (February 26, 2017). "The town that should be Canadian: How a surveying error put Sumas, Washington on B.C. soil". National Post. Retrieved June 21, 2017.
  12. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  13. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved July 21, 2014.
  14. ^ "Utility Rates and Fees". City Of Sumas. 29 February 2016. Retrieved 20 April 2016.

External linksEdit