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Suffolk Coastal (UK Parliament constituency)

HistoryEdit

This East Anglian constituency was created for the 1983 general election from eastern parts of the abolished county constituencies of Eye, and Sudbury and Woodbridge, including the towns of Felixstowe and Woodbridge. Its initial boundaries were coterminous with the recently created District of Suffolk Coastal.

The current constituency area includes three former borough constituencies which sent their own MPs to Parliament until abolished as 'rotten boroughs' by the Great Reform Act, 1832Aldeburgh, Dunwich and Orford.

The seat was held from its creation until the 2010 election by the Conservative John Gummer who had previously represented the former seat of Eye from 1979. He was the Secretary of State for the Environment for four years during the Second Major ministry and before that was for four years the Minister of State for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. He stood down in 2010 and was elevated to the House of Lords as Lord Deben.

The current MP is the Conservative Therese Coffey,[3] who was made Deputy Leader of the House of Commons in May 2015.

Constituency profileEdit

The main town of the constituency is Felixstowe, which is a commercial port for imports and exports. Woodbridge is considered part of the extended Ipswich urban area ( by whom). The seat includes the seaside destination of Aldeburgh, also noted for artwork and the work of Benjamin Britten.

Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 2.0% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.[4] Since its inception Suffolk Coastal has been a safe seat for the Conservative Party typical of more rural districts of East Anglia. In the 1997 Labour national landslide the Conservative candidate held on by a margin of a few thousand votes.

Boundaries and boundary changesEdit

1983-1997: The District of Suffolk Coastal.[5]

1997-2010: The District of Suffolk Coastal wards of Aldeburgh, Alderton and Sutton, Bramfield and Cratfield, Buxlow, Felixstowe Central, Felixstowe East, Felixstowe North, Felixstowe South, Felixstowe South East, Felixstowe West, Hollesley, Kelsale, Kirton, Leiston, Martlesham, Melton, Nacton, Orford, Saxmundham, Snape, Trimleys, Tunstall, Ufford, Walberswick, Westleton, Woodbridge Centre, Woodbridge Farlingaye, Woodbridge Kyson, Woodbridge Riverside, Woodbridge Seckford, and Yoxford, and the District of Waveney wards of Blything, Halesworth, and Southwold.[6]

Western-most areas included in the new constituency of Central Suffolk and North Ipswich. Extended northwards to include three wards from the District of Waveney, transferred from the constituency of Waveney.

2010–present: The District of Suffolk Coastal wards of Aldeburgh, Farlingaye, Felixstowe East, Felixstowe North, Felixstowe South, Felixstowe South East, Felixstowe West, Hollesley with Eyke, Kyson, Leiston, Martlesham, Melton and Ufford, Nacton, Orford and Tunstall, Peasenhall, Rendlesham, Riverside, Saxmundham, Seckford, Snape, Sutton, Trimleys with Kirton, Walberswick and Wenhaston, and Yoxford, and the District of Waveney wards of Blything, Halesworth, Southwold and Reydon, and Wrentham.[7]

Marginal changes due to revision of local authority wards.

Changes proposed by the Boundary CommissionEdit

The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018 which would reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they will not come into effect for the 2019 election due to take place on 12 December 2019, which will be contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.

The Commission have proposed that the constituency remain unchanged, except for marginal changes to the boundary with Central Suffolk and North Ipswich to take account of changes to local authority ward boundaries.[8]

Members of ParliamentEdit

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 2010sEdit

Next general election: Suffolk Coastal
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Cameron Matthews[10]
Green Rachel Smith-Lyte[11]
Liberal Democrat Julia Ewart[12]
General election 2017: Suffolk Coastal[13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Therese Coffey 33,713 58.1 +6.1
Labour Cameron Matthews 17,701 30.5 +12.5
Liberal Democrat James Sandbach 4,048 7.0 -1.6
Green Eamonn O'Nolan 1,802 3.1 -2.8
Independent Philip Young 810 1.4 1.4
Majority 16,012 27.6 -6.3
Turnout 58074 73.2 +2.6
Conservative hold Swing -3.2
General election 2015: Suffolk Coastal[15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Therese Coffey 28,855 51.9 +5.5
Labour Russell Whiting 10,013 18.0 +2.0
UKIP Daryll Pitcher 8,655 15.6 +9.8
Liberal Democrat James Sandbach 4,777 8.6 −21.2
Green Rachel Smith-Lyte 3,294 5.9 +3.9
Majority 18,842 33.9 +17.3
Turnout 55,594 70.6 −0.6
Conservative hold Swing +1.8
General election 2010: Suffolk Coastal[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Therese Coffey 25,475 46.4 +1.8
Liberal Democrat Daisy Cooper 16,347 29.8 +7.7
Labour Adam Leeder 8,812 16.1 −10.1
UKIP Stephen Bush 3,156 5.7 +1.9
Green Rachel Fulcher 1,103 2.0 −1.3
Majority 9,128 16.6 −1.8
Turnout 54,893 71.2 +3.9
Conservative hold Swing −2.9

Elections in the 2000sEdit

General election 2005: Suffolk Coastal[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Gummer 23,415 44.6 +1.3
Labour David Rowe 13,730 26.1 −8.7
Liberal Democrat David Young 11,637 22.1 +3.9
UKIP Richard Curtis 2,020 3.8 +0.1
Green Paul Whitlow 1,755 3.3 N/A
Majority 9,685 18.4 +9.9
Turnout 52,557 67.9 +2.3
Conservative hold Swing +5.0
General election 2001: Suffolk Coastal[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Gummer 21,847 43.3 +4.8
Labour Nigel Gardner 17,521 34.8 +2.0
Liberal Democrat Tony Schur 9,192 18.2 −3.2
UKIP Michael Burn 1,847 3.7 N/A
Majority 4,326 8.5 +2.7
Turnout 50,407 65.6 −10.2
Conservative hold Swing +1.4

Elections in the 1990sEdit

General election 1997: Suffolk Coastal[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Gummer 21,696 38.6 −15.0
Labour Mark Campbell 18,442 32.8 +9.0
Liberal Democrat Alexandra Jones 12,036 21.4 −2.4
Referendum Stephen Caulfield 3,416 6.1 N/A
Green Anthony Slade 514 0.9 −0.6
Natural Law Felicity Kaplan 152 0.3 −0.1
Majority 3,254 5.8 −24.0
Turnout 56,256 75.8 −5.8
Conservative hold Swing −12.0
General election 1992: Suffolk Coastal[21][22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Gummer 34,680 53.6 −2.1
Liberal Democrat Peter Monk 15,395 23.8 −6.0
Labour Terence Hodgson 13,508 20.9 +8.1
Green Anthony Slade 943 1.5 −0.3
Natural Law Felicity Kaplan 232 0.4 N/A
Majority 19,285 29.8 +3.9
Turnout 64,758 81.6 +3.7
Conservative hold Swing +1.9

Elections in the 1980sEdit

General election 1987: Suffolk Coastal[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Gummer 32,834 55.7 −2.5
Social Democratic Joan Miller 17,554 29.8 +0.7
Labour Susan Reeves 7,534 12.8 +0.2
Green James Holloway 1,049 1.8 N/A
Majority 15,280 25.9
Turnout 58,971 77.9
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1983: Suffolk Coastal[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Gummer 31,240 58.2 N/A
Social Democratic David Houseley 15,618 29.1 N/A
Labour Denis Ballantyne 6,780 12.6 N/A
Majority 15,622 29.1 N/A
Turnout 53,638 75.0 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. ^ "'Suffolk Coastal', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  3. ^ "Therese Coffey". United Kingdom Parliament. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
  4. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  5. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  6. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  7. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  8. ^ Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  9. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 6)
  10. ^ "Cameron Matthews - Labour candidate for Suffolk Coastal". Labour Party. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
  11. ^ "Prospective General Election Candidates". Green Party. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  12. ^ "Liberal Democrat Parliamentary Candidates". Mark Pack. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  13. ^ http://www.eastsuffolk.gov.uk/assets/Elections/Election-notices-WDC/2017/Parliamentary-General-Election/Statement-of-Persons-Nominated-Notice-of-Poll-Suffolk-Coastal-Constituency.pdf
  14. ^ "Suffolk Coastal parliamentary constituency - Election 2017" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  15. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  16. ^ "2015 Election Results". BBC News. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  17. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  18. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  19. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  20. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  21. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  22. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  23. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  24. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.

Coordinates: 52°09′N 1°30′E / 52.15°N 1.50°E / 52.15; 1.50