Stromboli (Italian pronunciation: [ˈstromboli]; Sicilian: Struògnuli, Ancient Greek: Στρογγύλη, Strongúlē) is a small island in the Tyrrhenian Sea, off the north coast of Sicily, containing one of the three active volcanoes in Italy. It is one of the eight Aeolian Islands, a volcanic arc north of Sicily. This name is derived from the Ancient Greek name Strongúlē, which was derived from στρογγύλος (strongúlos, "round") because, from a distance, the volcano appears to be conical. The island's population is about 500. The volcano has erupted many times and is constantly active with minor eruptions, often visible from many points on the island and from the surrounding sea, giving rise to the island's nickname "Lighthouse of the Mediterranean".
|Elevation||924 m (3,031 ft) |
|Prominence||924 m (3,031 ft) |
|Age of rock||Unknown|
|Last eruption||1934 to present |
Stromboli's most recent major eruption was on April 13, 2009. Stromboli stands 926 m (3,038 ft) above sea level, and over 2,700 m (8,860 ft) on average above the sea floor. There are three active craters at the peak. A significant geological feature of the volcano is the Sciara del Fuoco ("stream of fire"), a big horseshoe-shaped depression generated in the last 13,000 years by several collapses on the northwestern side of the cone. Approximately 2 km (1.2 mi) to the northeast lies Strombolicchio, the volcanic plug remnant of the original volcano.
Mount Stromboli has been in almost continuous eruption for the past 2,000 years. A pattern of eruption is maintained in which explosions occur at the summit craters, with mild to moderate eruptions of incandescent volcanic bombs, at intervals ranging from minutes to hours. This Strombolian eruption, as it is known, is also observed at other volcanoes worldwide. Eruptions from the summit craters typically result in a few short, mild, but energetic bursts, ranging up to a few hundred meters in height, containing ash, incandescent lava fragments and stone blocks. Stromboli's activity is almost exclusively explosive, but lava flows do occur at times when volcanic activity is high: an effusive eruption occurred in 2002, the first in 17 years, and again in 2003, 2007, and 2013–14. Volcanic gas emissions from this volcano are measured by a multi-component gas analyzer system, which detects pre-eruptive degassing of rising magma, improving prediction of volcanic activity.
In popular cultureEdit
- In Journey to the Center of the Earth (1864) by Jules Verne, the conclusion of the novel is set on Stromboli.
- Author J.R.R. Tolkien identified his fictional volcano Mount Doom in Mordor with the volcano of Stromboli, according to scholar Clyde S. Kilby.
- Stromboli (1950), also known as: Stromboli, land of God, is an Italian-American film set on Stromboli, directed by Roberto Rossellini and starring Ingrid Bergman.
- "Stromboli, Italy". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2013-07-20.
- "Stromboli". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
- Strabo; Hamilton, H.C., tr.; Falconer, W., tr. (1892). The Geography of Strabo. vol. 1. London, England: George Bell & Sons. p. 419. See footnote 4 of Book VI, Chapter II, §11.
- Bunbury, Edward Herbert (1856). "Aeoliae Insulae". In Smith, William. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. vol. 1. London, England: Walton and Maberly. pp. 51–52.
- "Isola di Stromboli (in Italian)". Comune di Lipari. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
- Scheffel, Richard L.; Wernet, Susan J., eds. (1980). Natural Wonders of the World. United States: Reader's Digest Association, Inc. pp. 360–361. ISBN 0-89577-087-3.
- Tibaldi, A., Corazzato, C., Marani, M., Gamberi, F. (2009). Subaerial-submarine evidence of structures feeding magma to Stromboli Volcano, Italy, and relations with edifice flank failure and creep. Tectonophysics, 469(1), 112–136.
- Aiuppa, Alessandro; Federico, Cinzia; Giudice, Geatano; Papale, Paolo (2008-10-11). "The 2007 eruption of Stromboli volcano: Insights from real-time measurement of the volcanic gas plume CO2/SO2 ratio". Elsevier. Retrieved 2016-09-27.
- Alean, Jürg; Roberto Carniel; Marco Fulle (2005-05-21). "Stromboli 1952–1953 – The village and the land". Stromboli online. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- Loschiavo, LindaAnn. "Return of the Native to Stromboli". Retrieved 31 August 2010.
high point of 2,100 citizens in 1891
- Alean, Jürg; Roberto Carniel; Marco Fulle (2005-05-21). "Stromboli 1952–1953 – Stromboli in 1952 and 53". Stromboli online. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- Kilby, Clyde S; Plotz, Dick (1968). "TSA Meeting". Niekas. Niekas Publications, New Hampshire, United States (19): 39–40. Referred to at tolkienguide.com and by another publication of the Niekas editor.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stromboli.|
- Stromboli travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Information about Stromboli and on its seismic monitoring network (italian)