Stereotypes of Hispanic and Latino Americans in the United States
White U.S. Hispanics and Latinos, Asian U.S. Hispanics and Latinos, and Black U.S. Hispanics and Latinos are often overlooked in the U.S. mass media and in general American social perceptions, where being "Hispanic or Latino" is often incorrectly given a racial value, usually mixed-race, such as Mestizo or Mulatto, but it is actually an ethnic grouping comprising many different races while, in turn, mixed-race and white U.S. Hispanics and Latinos are overrepresented and admired in the U.S. Hispanic mass media and social perceptions.
News media and crimeEdit
- Latino-related stories make up less than 1% of all the stories that appear on network newscasts, even though Latinos make up more than 13% of the U.S. population.
- Crime, terrorism, poverty and welfare, and illegal immigration accounted for 66% of all network stories about Latinos in 2001.
- The arrest of suspected terrorist Jose Padilla, for allegedly plotting to detonate a "dirty bomb", occupied a central role in the coverage of Latinos in 2002, with 21 network stories or 18% of all stories that aired on Latinos.
- "The number of Latino-related crime and youth gang stories in 2002 was grossly excessive when compared to statistics on crimes involving Latinos."
- "Illegal immigration continues to be an important focus of network news coverage of Latinos."
EthnicMajority.com, a minority empowerment organization, states: "Who we see, hear and read on television, radio, newspapers, and in movies has a great deal of influence on shaping the attitudes of all Americans. How African, Hispanic (Latino), and Asian Americans are portrayed in these mediums often stereotypes and reinforces negative images of each ethnic group."
Progressive media watch group Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting (FAIR) points out that in contrast to the media's over-representation of minorities as criminals and drug users is their under representation as experts and analysts. FAIR's studies in the late 1980s and early 1990s documented that 92% of Nightline's U.S. guests were white, 90% of the NewsHour's guests were white, and 26 out of 27 repeat commentators on National Public Radio over a four-month period were white.
Sexual and racial stereotypes of Latinas are often demonstrated in the U.S. mainstream media. The women of this ethnic group are often portrayed as being overly sensual, passionate, curvaceous, olive-skinned women. The sexualization and fetishization of Latina women is exemplified by the attractive and often Puerto Rican mami in hip hop. Among the depictions accused of promoting the "Latina bombshell" include Iris Chacón's image, Naya Rivera in Glee and Shakira and Jennifer Lopez's "somewhat infamous music videos."
While at times Latinas are shown in an overly provocative manner, in some instances they are illustrated in an opposing way: virginal, religious, conservative and family-oriented. One such example is Colombian actress Sofia Vergara, who has often been asked to alter her appearance to fit the Latina stereotype in her on screen roles.
- Richard Rodriguez. "A CULTURAL IDENTITY".
- "Separated by a common language: The case of the white Hispanic".
- "Hispanics:A Culture, Not a Race". Campello.tripod.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
- "Y Tu Black Mama Tambien". Newsweek. June 18, 2003. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
- "The Blond, Blue-Eyed Face of Spanish TV". The Washington Post. August 3, 2000. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
- Blonde, Blue-Eyed Euro-Cute Latinos on Spanish TV
- Latinos Not Reflected on Spanish TV
- "What are Telenovelas? – Hispanic Culture". Bellaonline.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
- "Racial Bias Charged On Spanish-Language TV". Articles.sun-sentinel.com. August 6, 2000. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
- "Black Electorate". Black Electorate. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
- Jones, Vanessa E. (August 19, 2004). "Skin tone consciousness in Asian and Latin American populations". Boston Globe. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
- "Differences Between American and Castilian Spanish". Antimoon.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
- Serafín Méndez-Méndez; Diane Alverio (December 2003). "Network Brownout 2003: The Portrayal of Latinos in Network Television News, 2002" (PDF). National Association of Hispanic Journalists. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 12, 2007. Retrieved 2008-06-04.
- "Diversity in the Media and Entertainment Industries". EthnicMajority.com. Retrieved 2008-06-04.
- Cohen, Jeff (1999-10-01). "Racism and Mainstream Media". Fairness and Accuracy In Reporting. Retrieved 2008-06-04.
- Laó-Montes, Agustín; Dávila, Arlene M. (2001). Mambo Montage: The Latinization of New York. Columbia University Press. pp. 250–253. ISBN 0-231-11275-0.
- "Latino USA: Stereotyped". NPR. March 18, 2016.
- "Latina bombshells". Houston Chronicle. March 23, 2016.
- "7 Lies We Have to Stop Telling About Latina Women in America". June 2, 2014.
- Hall, Katy (September 13, 2010). "Sofia Vergara In 'Self': I'm A Natural Blonde, Hated My Boobs". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
- "Celebrity Q+A: Sofia Vergara". Family Circle. Retrieved 17 December 2012.