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Stephen B. Levine

Stephen Barrett Levine (born 1942) is an American psychiatrist known for his work in human sexuality, particularly sexual dysfunction and transsexualism.

Contents

Education and careerEdit

Levine earned his M.D. from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine in 1967 and serves as a Clinical Professor of Psychiatry there. His clinical practice began in the mid-1970s as the University Hospitals of Cleveland Sexual Dysfunction Clinic. In 1993 the Clinic separated from University Hospitals, and is presently called The Center for Marital and Sexual Health in Beachwood, Ohio.

His early work focused on premature ejaculation and erectile dysfunction, and he has written on a number of treatment options, including vacuum pumps,[1] injections into the corpus cavernosum of the penis,[2] and Viagra.[3] The most potent aphrodisiacs, according to Levine, are psychological intimacy[4] and voyeurism: "looking at pictures or movies of people engaged in genital or romantic interplay."[5]

Levine has written on sex offenders, including professionals who offend.[6] He cites Kurt Freund as an important influence because Freund wanted to define the subtypes of child molesters to help devise a means of prevention.[7] Levine has written about adultery and infidelity and believes pejorative terms like "cheating" and "infidelity" prevent addressing the issue in realistic terms.[8]

He is noted for his work in clinical management of gender identity disorder. Levine was Chair of the fifth edition of the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association Standards of Care in 1998.[9] Levine also served on the American Psychiatric Association DSM-IV Subcommittee on Gender Identity Disorders.[10]

Levine was section co-editor with R. Taylor Segraves for the section on sexual and gender identity disorders in Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders by Glen Gabbard. Notable contributors included Martin Kafka (paraphilias) and Kenneth Zucker (gender identity disorder in children and adolescents).[11]

Although much of his work is written for other clinicians, Levine has written books for a lay audience, including Solving Common Sexual Problems (1997) and Sexuality in Mid-Life (2004).

Selected publicationsEdit

  • Levine SB (1975). Premature ejaculation: Some thoughts about its pathogenesis. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy Volume 1, Issue 4 Summer 1975, pages 326 – 334.
  • Levine SB, Yost MA (1976). Frequency of sexual dysfunction in a general gynecological clinic: An epidemiological approach. Archives of Sexual Behavior Volume 5, Number 3 / May, 1976, 229-238.
  • Levine SB, Agle D (1978). The effectiveness of sex therapy for chronic secondary psychological impotence. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy Volume 4, Issue 4 Winter 1978, pages 235 - 258
  • Levine SB, Yost MA (1980). Psychiatric Diagnosis Of Patients Requesting Sex Reassignment Surgery. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy Volume 6, Issue 3 Autumn 1980, pages 164 – 173.
  • Levine SB, Lothstein L (1981). Transsexualism or the Gender Dysphoria Syndromes. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy Volume 7, Issue 2 Summer 1981, pages 85 – 113.
  • Levine SB (1982). A Modern Perspective on Nymphomania. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy Volume 8, Issue 4 Winter 1982, pages 316 – 324.
  • Levine SB, Shumaker RE (1983). Increasingly ruth: Toward understanding sex reassignment. Archives of Sexual Behavior Volume 12, Number 3 / June, 1983, 247-261.
  • Levine SB (1984). An essay on the nature of sexual desire. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy Volume 10, Issue 2 Summer 1984, pages 83 – 96
  • Levine SB (1987). More on the nature of sexual desire. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy Volume 13, Issue 1 Spring 1987, pages 35 – 44.
  • Levine SB (1989). Sex Is Not Simple. Ohio Psychology Publications. ISBN 978-0-910707-12-1
  • Turner LA, Althof SE, Levine SB, et al. (1989). Self-injection of papaverine and phentolamine in the treatment of psychogenic impotence. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy Volume 15, Issue 3 Autumn 1989, pages 163 – 176.
  • Althof SE, Turner LA, Levine SB, Risen C, Kursh ED (1989). Why do so many people drop out from auto-injection therapy for impotence? Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy Volume 15, Issue 2 Summer 1989, pages 121 – 129.
  • Althof SE, Turner LA, Levine SB, Risen CB, Bodner D, Kursh ED, Resnick MI (1991). Sexual, Psychological, and Marital Impact of Self-Injection of Papaverine and Phentolamine: A Long-Term Prospective Study. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy Volume 17, Issue 2 Summer 1991, pages 101 – 112.
  • Bradley SJ, Blanchard R, Coates SW, Green R, Levine SB, Meyer-Bahlburg HFL, Pauly IB, Zucker KJ (1991). Interim report of the DSM-IV Subcommittee on Gender Identity Disorders. Archives of Sexual Behavior Volume 20, Number 4 / August, 1991
  • Levine SB (1992). Sexual Life: A Clinician's Guide. Springer ISBN 978-0-306-44287-2
  • Levine SB, ed. (1995). Clinical Sexuality (The Psychiatric Clinics of North America, Volume 18, Number 1, March 1995) W.B. Saunders Company ASIN B0014EBK6O
  • Levine SB (1997). Solving Common Sexual Problems: Toward a Problem-Free Sexual Life. Jason Aronson. ISBN 978-0-7657-0121-3
  • Segraves RT, Levine SB (section editors) Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders. In Gabbard GO, ed. (2001). Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders.
  • Levine SB, Stagno SJ (2001). Informed Consent for Case Reports: The Ethical Dilemma of Right to Privacy Versus Pedagogical … Journal of Psychotherapy Practice and Research
  • Levine SB (2002). Reexploring the Concept of Sexual Desire. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
  • Levine SB (2003). The Nature of Sexual Desire: A Clinician's Perspective. Archives of Sexual Behavior
  • Levine SB, Risen CB, Althof SE, eds. (2003). Handbook of Clinical Sexuality for Mental Health Professionals. Psychology Press ISBN 1-58391-331-9
  • Levine SB (2004). Sexuality in Mid-Life. Springer ISBN 978-0-306-48446-9
  • Althof SE, Leiblum SR, Chevret-Measson M, et al. (2005). Psychological and Interpersonal Dimensions of Sexual Function and Dysfunction. Journal of Sexual Medicine
  • Levine SB (2005). A Reintroduction to Clinical Sexuality. Focus, American Psychiatric Association
  • Levine SB (2006). Demystifying Love: Plain Talk for the Mental Health Professional. Brunner-Routledge ISBN 978-0-415-95599-7

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Turner LA, Althof SE, Levine SB, et al. (1991). External Vacuum Devices in the Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction: A One-Year Study of Sexual and … Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
  2. ^ Althof SE, Turner LA, Levine SB, Risen C, Kursh ED (1987). Intracavernosal injection in the treatment of impotence: A prospective study of sexual... Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
  3. ^ Pallas J, Levine SB, Althof SE, Risen CB (2000). A Study Using Viagra in a Mental Health Practice. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
  4. ^ Levine SB (1991). Psychological intimacy. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
  5. ^ Brody JE (August 4, 1993). Personal health. New York Times
  6. ^ Levine SB, Risen CB, Althof SE (1994). Professionals who sexually offend: Evaluation procedure; and preliminary findings. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
  7. ^ Freeman, Karen (October 27, 1996). Kurt Freund Dies at 82; Studied Deviant Sexual Arousal. New York Times
  8. ^ Alexander, Brian (April 17, 2007). To stay or stray? Crimes of opportunity. MSNBC
  9. ^ Levine SB, Brown G, Coleman E, Cohen-Kettenis P Hage JJ, Van Maasdam J, Petersen M, Pfaefflin F, Schaefer LC (1999). The Standards of Care for Gender Identity Disorders. Journal of Psychology & Human Sexuality
  10. ^ Bradley SJ, Blanchard R, Coates SW, Green R, Levine SB, Meyer-Bahlburg HFL, Pauly IB, Zucker KJ (1991). Interim report of the DSM-IV Subcommittee on Gender Identity Disorders. Archives of Sexual Behavior Volume 20, Number 4 / August, 1991
  11. ^ Segraves RT, Levine SB (section editors) Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders. In Gabbard GO, ed. (2001). Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders.

External linksEdit