Stenocarpus is a genus of about 25 species of woody trees or shrubs, constituting part of the plant family Proteaceae.

Sten sinuatus.jpg
Firewheel tree Stenocarpus sinuatus, cultivated street tree, Marrickville, Sydney, 2006
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Proteales
Family: Proteaceae
Subfamily: Grevilleoideae
Tribe: Embothrieae
Subtribe: Stenocarpinae
Genus: Stenocarpus
R.Br. ex Knight[1]

about 25 spp.

Stenocarpus sinuatus, Firewheel Tree - inflorescences, at Maranoa gardens, Melbourne, 2006
Stenocarpus salignus, Scrub Beefwood, inflorescence and foliage, at the botanic garden, University Tübingen, Germany, 2009

In Australia, 10 species are known growing naturally in rainforests of eastern New South Wales and Queensland and in the northern monsoonal forests of Queensland, Northern Territory, and Western Australia.[1][2] Two of these eastern Australia species also grow naturally in New Guinea and one in the Aru Islands, Moluccas.[3][4]

The greatest species diversity occurs in New Caledonia, where 12 endemic species are known.[5][6]

By far the most well known in Australia is Stenocarpus sinuatus, the Queensland firewheel tree, which is commonly used as a street or garden tree on the east coast.


This listing was sourced from the Australian Plant Name Index,[1] the Checklist of the Vascular Indigenous Flora of New Caledonia[5] the Census of Vascular Plants of Papua New Guinea,[3] the Handbooks of the Flora of Papua New Guinea,[4] the Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances[6] and the Flora of Australia (series).[2]

Species provisionally named, described and accepted according to the authoritative Australian Plant Name Index as of June 2014 while awaiting formal publication


  1. ^ a b c "Stenocarpus%". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) database (listing by % wildcard matching of all taxa relevant to Australia). Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government. Retrieved 3 Jan 2014.
  2. ^ a b Foreman, Don B. (1995). "Stenocarpus R.Br.". In McCarthy, Patrick (ed.). Flora of Australia: Volume 16: Eleagnaceae, Proteaceae 1 (online html version)|format= requires |url= (help). Flora of Australia series. CSIRO Publishing / Australian Biological Resources Study. pp. 363–369. ISBN 978-0-643-05692-3. Retrieved 3 Jan 2014.
  3. ^ a b Conn, Barry J. (2008). "Stenocarpus". Census of Vascular Plants of Papua New Guinea. (search result listing, matching all starting with "Stenocarpus", via Retrieved 3 Jan 2013.
  4. ^ a b Foreman, Don B. (1995). "Proteaceae". In Conn, Barry J. (ed.). Handbooks of the Flora of Papua New Guinea. (Digitised, online, freely available via Vol. 3. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press. pp. 221–270. Retrieved 3 Jan 2013.
  5. ^ a b Morat, P.; Jaffré, T.; Tronchet, F.; Munzinger, J.; Pillon, Y.; Veillon, J.-M.; Chalopin, M. (27 May 2014) [Dec 2012]. "The taxonomic database "Florical" and characteristics of the indigenous Flora of New Caledonia" (PDF). Adansonia. sér. 3. 34 (2): 177–219. Retrieved 19 Dec 2013. Lay summaryHerbier: Florical (2014).
  6. ^ a b Virot, R. (1967). Protéacées. In Flore de La Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances, edited by A. Aubréville, 2:1–254. Paris: Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle.