State Seal of Myanmar
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The State Seal of Myanmar (Burmese: ပြည်ထောင်စုသမ္မတမြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်အထိမ်းအမှတ်တံဆိပ်) is used in all official government documents, including publications. For the honor of the State Seal, there are State Seal Law and Principles for the usages.
|State Seal of Myanmar|
|Armiger||Republic of the Union of Myanmar|
|Crest||A mullet Or|
|Blazon||Gule a map of Myanmar Or surrounded by a laurel of the same|
|Supporters||Two Chinthe sejant Or|
|Motto||ပြည်ထောင်စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်|
- The emblem is with a red background with the golden map of Myanmar in the Center. The map is surrounded by the 14 laurel or olive branches(7 in each side).
- Beside the branches are the two lions. The left lion is facing to the left and the right lion is facing to the right.
- The Name of the State ပြည်ထောင်စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော် (PYIDAUNZU THANMĂDA MYĂMA NAINNGANDAW) (Burmese for, REPUBLIC OF THE UNION OF MYANMAR) is expressed on the scroll. The word, ပြည်ထောင်စု (PYIDAUNGZU) (In Burmese for, Union) is on the scroll which is under the left lion. The word, သမ္မတ (THANMĂDA) (In Burmese for, Republic (direct meaning is President)) is under the map. The word, မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော် (MYĂMA NAINNGANDAW) (In Burmese for, Myanmar) is under the right lion.
- On the top, the large yellow five-pointed star is pointing upward.
- The other part of the seal is surrounded by the traditional Burmese flower
The State seal can be used for the following facts.
- Can be used in Presidential Palace.
- Can be used in the vehicles of the president.
- Can be used in the Central Parliament Buildings (Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, Pyithu Hluttaw and Amyotha Hluttaw), the union level government offices, State and Region Hluttaw Buildings, Offices of State and Region Government, Self-Administered Zones and Divisions.
- Can be used in ministries and their child agencies offices, in the courts and the organizations and departments which are allowed to use by the Union Government.
- Can be used in Myanmar Embassies, consulates and one other representations.
- Can be printed on the objects which are used in State Receptions.
- Can be used in bank notes and stamps.
- Can be used by the organizations which are allowed to use by the president.
- Can be used in the official documents of Central Parliaments and State & Region, the Union Government and the ministries, the State, Region and SAZ and SAD Governments, the organizations and department which are allowed by the union government.
- Can be used in State Meetings and Ceremonies.
The previous state symbol of Burmese monarchs was the green peacock. The use of the green peacock was continued during British colonial times and the State of Burma. The peacock also featured on Burmese rupees as a national symbol.
The original coat of arms adopted at independence contained the Burmese text ပြည်ထောင်စုမြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော် on the banner, which translates "Union of Burma", as well as three lions. Additionally, there was a circle surrounding the map of the country containing Verse 194 of the Buddhavagga in the Dhammapada in Pali: သမဂ္ဂါနံ တပေါ သုခေါ (samaggānaṃ tapo sukho), which translates to "happiness through harmony" or "well-being through unity."
However, during Ne Win's Socialist rule, the 1974 Constitution adopted a new state seal with the following changes: the coat of arms was modified to accommodate Socialist symbols: a cogwheel, a star at the top, and dual olive wreaths. The words on the banner were also changed to ပြည်ထောင်စု ဆိုရှယ်လစ်သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်, which translates "Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma".
On 18 September 1988, when the State Law and Order Restoration Council staged a coup, the words ဆိုရှယ်လစ်သမ္မတ ("Socialist Republic") were removed, and the colour of the whole of the seal was changed to goldern colour.
In 2008 a new constitution for Burma was adopted in a controversial referendum. In this new constitution, changes have been made to the coat of arms. The new coat of arms removes the colours blue and dark gold/orange and instead just uses the colours red and gold/yellow. Also, the gear wheel has been removed and replaced with laurel or olive branches and the words on the central portion of the scroll have been changed to ပြည်ထောင်စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်.