State Council Information Office

The State Council Information Office (SCIO; Chinese: 國務院新聞辦公室; pinyin: Guówùyuàn Xīnwén Bàngōngshì; lit. 'State Council News Office'), also called the Central Office of Foreign Propaganda, is an administrative office under the State Council, the chief administrative body of the People's Republic of China.[1]

HistoryEdit

SCIO was formed in 1991 when the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party made the External Propaganda Leading Group of the Propaganda Department of the Chinese Communist Party its own office.[2] The office was created with the goal of improving the Chinese government's international image following the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests.[2] According to scholar Anne-Marie Brady, SCIO became a separate unit from the Publicity Department but still connected to it and was the "public face of this new direction in foreign propaganda work."[2]

The office formerly had responsibility for Internet censorship. SCIO's Internet Affairs Bureau dealt with Internet censorship in China and repressed "disruptive" (anti-Chinese government) activity on the web in mainland China.[3][4][5] However, in May 2011 the State Council Information Office transferred the offices which regulated the Internet to a new subordinate agency, the Cyberspace Administration of China.[6]

In November 2020, the director of the SCIO, Xu Lin, gave a speech in which he emphasized the need for the Chinese Communist Party to reinforce its control over commercial media ventures.[7]

List of directorsEdit

  1. Zhu Muzhi, 1991–1992
  2. Zeng Jianhui (曾建徽), 1992–1998
  3. Zhao Qizheng (趙啟正), 1998–2005
  4. Cai Wu, 2005–2008
  5. Wang Chen, 2008–2013
  6. Cai Mingzhao, March 2013 – December 2014
  7. Jiang Jianguo, January 2015 – August 2018
  8. Xu Lin, August 2018 – incumbent

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Brady, Anne-Marie (October 26, 2015). "China's Foreign Propaganda Machine". Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. Archived from the original on 2020-09-18. Retrieved 2020-09-23.
  2. ^ a b c Brady, Anne-Marie (2008). Marketing Dictatorship: Propaganda and Thought Work in Contemporary China. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 23, 156. ISBN 978-0-7425-4057-6. OCLC 968245349. Archived from the original on 2021-01-09. Retrieved 2021-05-03.
  3. ^ "Sohu English website opens in Beijing". China Daily. 2004-09-16. Archived from the original on 2012-10-13. Retrieved 2009-01-23.
  4. ^ "China defends internet regulation". BBC. 2006-01-15. Archived from the original on 2009-01-03. Retrieved 2009-01-23.
  5. ^ Ang, Audra (2009-01-23). "China closes 1,250 sites in online porn crackdown". Associated Press. Retrieved 2009-01-23.
  6. ^ Wines, Michael (May 4, 2011). "China Creates New Agency for Patrolling the Internet". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 7, 2011. Retrieved May 5, 2011.
  7. ^ "Xu Lin, Deputy Minister of the Central Propaganda Department: Resolutely prevent capital from manipulating public opinion". Guancha (in Chinese). November 19, 2020. Archived from the original on November 20, 2020. Retrieved November 20, 2020.

External linksEdit