St Michael's Church, Cockerham

St Michael's Church is located to the southwest of the English village of Cockerham, Lancashire. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Lancaster, the archdeaconry of Lancaster and Morecambe, and the diocese of Blackburn. Its benefice is combined with those of Christ Church, Glasson, and St Luke, Winmarleigh.[1] The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.[2]

St Michael's Church, Cockerham
St Michael's Cockerham.jpeg
St Michael's Church, Cockerham, from the northeast
St Michael's Church, Cockerham is located in the City of Lancaster district
St Michael's Church, Cockerham
St Michael's Church, Cockerham
Location in the City of Lancaster district
Coordinates: 53°57′36″N 2°49′14″W / 53.9601°N 2.8206°W / 53.9601; -2.8206
OS grid referenceSD 463,519
LocationCockerham, Lancaster, Lancashire
CountryEngland
DenominationAnglican
WebsiteSt Michael, Cockerham
History
StatusParish church
DedicationSaint Michael
Architecture
Functional statusActive
Heritage designationGrade II*
Designated2 May 1968
Architect(s)Austin and Paley
Architectural typeChurch
StyleGothic, Gothic Revival
Completed1911
Specifications
MaterialsSandstone, slate roofs
Administration
ProvinceYork
DioceseBlackburn
ArchdeaconryLancaster and Morecambe
DeaneryLancaster
ParishCockerham
Clergy
Vicar(s)Revd Michael Roberts
Laity
Churchwarden(s)Evelyn Bush
William Hewitt
Parish administratorBron England

HistoryEdit

The oldest surviving part of the original church building is the tower, which dates from the 16th century.[2] The body of the church had been rebuilt in 1814, and this was replaced again in 1910–11 by the Lancaster architects Austin and Paley.[3] This replacement cost £5,000 (equivalent to £540,000 in 2021).[4][5]

ArchitectureEdit

ExteriorEdit

The body of the church is constructed in sandstone rubble, the tower in ashlar, and the roof is slated. The plan consists of a five-bay nave with a clerestory and a two-bay chancel under a continuous roof, north and south aisles, a south transept with a vestry, and a west tower. The tower is in three stages with diagonal buttresses and a battlemented parapet. On the south side is a stair turret. In the tower is a west doorway with a round arch, a three-light west window, and three-light bell openings. The windows in the sides of the aisles and clerestory corresponding to the nave have two lights, and those corresponding to the chancel have three lights. The east window has four lights containing Perpendicular tracery and ogee quatrefoils.[2]

InteriorEdit

Inside the church, the arcades between the nave and the aisles are carried on octagonal piers with no capitals. In the chancel is a piscina and a double sedilia.[2] The stained glass in the east window was made by Morris & Co. and depicts the Four Evangelists; the figures of Saint Matthew and Saint John are based on cartoons by Ford Madox Brown, that of Saint Mark by Edward Burne-Jones, and that of Saint Luke by William Morris.[3] The two-manual pipe organ was made in about 1830, possibly by Renn and Boston.[6]

External featuresEdit

In the churchyard is the 18th-century base of a sundial, which is listed at Grade II.[7] The churchyard also contains the war graves of a British and a Canadian soldier of World War I.[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ St Michael, Cockerham, Church of England, retrieved 7 April 2012
  2. ^ a b c d Historic England, "Church of St Michael, Cockerham (1317937)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 7 April 2012
  3. ^ a b Hartwell, Clare; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2009) [1969], Lancashire: North, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 248, ISBN 978-0-300-12667-9
  4. ^ UK Retail Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Clark, Gregory (2017). "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved 11 June 2022.
  5. ^ Brandwood, Geoff; Austin, Tim; Hughes, John; Price, James (2012), The Architecture of Sharpe, Paley and Austin, Swindon: English Heritage, pp. 247–248, ISBN 978-1-84802-049-8
  6. ^ "NPOR [N01712]", National Pipe Organ Register, British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 1 July 2020
  7. ^ Historic England, "Sundial base south of Church of St. Michael (1071791)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 20 April 2015
  8. ^ COCKERHAM (ST. MICHAEL) CHURCHYARD, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, retrieved 13 February 2013