St. Uroš Cathedral, Ferizaj

The Church of the Holy Emperor Uroš (Serbian: црква Светог Цара Уроша; Albanian: Kisha e Ëngjëlli i Rojës)[a] is a Serbian Orthodox church located in the center of Ferizaj (also known by the Serbian population as Uroševac) in Kosovo. It belongs to the Eparchy of Raška and Prizren.

Church of the Holy Emperor Uroš
Xhamia dhe kisha Ferizaj.JPG
Church seen on the right, next to the town mosque
Religion
AffiliationSerbian Orthodox
Year consecrated1933
Location
LocationFerizaj, Kosovo
Official name: Crkva Sv. Kralja Uroša
TypeMonument of Culture
Designated17 February 2000[1]

The church was built between 1929 and 1933, dedicated to Serbian emperor Uroš V (r. 1355–71). Its architect was Josif Mihajlović Jurukovski from Skopje. It was built as a five-domed building with a trefoil base, and made of concrete, stone and brick mix which was later plastered. The church of the Gračanica monastery served as a model for the diverse composition of the upper part of the temple. The decoration in the dome consists of chess box with crosses, floral motifs and bricks. The main dome rests on four free pillars.

The murals were painted by Janko Kuzmanović from Galičnik, from 1932–36, who, along with Viktorija Puzanova from Mitrovica, created the throne icons and richly carved iconostasis decorations. The collection of Serbian medieval iconography, including the icon of the Holy Trinity, painted by Josif Radević from Lazaropolje in 1896. The iconostasis is from the 19th century, made in wood, and it was a gift of the Serbian King Aleksandar I Karađorđević.[2]

The church was looted and set on fire by Albanians after the arrival of the US KFOR forces in town, at the end of June 1999. It was attacked in the 2004 unrest, and Albanian nationalist graffiti were painted on the walls in 2013.[3][4][5]

In 2015 work on the exterior began. In September 2016, more than 200 Serb former inhabitants of the town (pre-war 12,000 Serbs, now only three), participated in liturgy in the church.[6]

See alsoEdit

AnnotationsEdit

  1. ^
    The official name of the church is "Church of the Holy Emperor Uroš"[7][8] (црква Св. Цара Уроша,[9] црква Светог Цара Уроша[10]). It is also known in Serbian as the Saborni hram svetog cara Uroša (Саборни храм светог цара Уроша),[11] which could be translated into "Cathedral/Temple of the holy emperor Uroš". Other names include "Church of the Holy King Uroš",[12] "Church of Holy King Uroš", "St. Uroš Cathedral", "Church of St. Uroš", etc. The church building is sometimes referred to as a "cathedral" because of its size although it is not a cathedral in the technical ecclesiastical sense, as it is not the seat of a bishop. In Serbian it is called hram (temple), which is another name for a church in Eastern Orthodoxy.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts 2006.
  2. ^ "Crkva Car Uros".
  3. ^ "Oskrnavljena crkva u Uroševcu". Nezavisne. 23 January 2013.
  4. ^ spc.rs - official site of Serbian Orthodox Church (Информативна служба Српске православне цркве, 16 December 2003.(in Serbian)
  5. ^ Raspeto Kosovo, rastko.rs; accessed 8 November 2016.(in Serbian)
  6. ^ "Raseljeni Srbi u Uroševcu: Ovo mi je dom kojeg nema /VIDEO". B92.
  7. ^ SPC.
  8. ^ Slobodan Erić (2006). Косово и Метохија: аргументи за останак у Србији. Геополитика. ISBN 9788686619006.
  9. ^ Pravoslavlje. Srpska patrijaršija. 2005. p. 89.
  10. ^ Христивоје Пејчић (2007). Косово: зашто нема повратка на имања. Народна библиотека "Свети Сава". p. 75.
  11. ^ Borislav Pelević; Artemije Radosavljević (2007). Raspeto Kosovo i Metohija: sveta srpska zemlja. Evro-Giunti. p. 141. ISBN 9788650508589.
  12. ^ COE.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 42°22′14″N 21°09′02″E / 42.370425°N 21.150424°E / 42.370425; 21.150424