Sriram Chandra Bhanj Deo

Maharaja Sriram Chandra Bhanjadeo (Odia: ମହାରାଜ ଶ୍ରୀ ରାମଚନ୍ଦ୍ର ଭଞ୍ଜଦେଓ; 17 December 1870 – 22 February 1912)[1] was the Maharaja of Mayurbhanj State of India.[2][3]

Maharaja

Sriram Chandra Bhanjadeo
Coat of Arms of Mayurbhanj.png
ମହାରାଜ ଶ୍ରୀ ରାମଚନ୍ଦ୍ର ଭଞ୍ଜଦେଓ
Shri Ramachandra Bhanja deo.jpg
Born(1870-12-17)17 December 1870
Died22 February 1912(1912-02-22) (aged 41)
Calcutta, British India
NationalityIndian
Spouse(s)Lakshmi Kumari Devi
Sucharu Devi
ChildrenPurna Chandra Bhanjadeo,
Pratap Chandra Bhanjadeo,
Dhrubendra Chandra Bhanjadeo,
Jyoti Manjari Devi
Parent(s)Krishna Chandra Bhanjadeo
King of Mayurbhanj
Reign29 May 1882 CE - 22 February 1912 CE
PredecessorKrishna Chandra Bhanj Deo
SuccessorPurna Chandra Bhanj Deo
HouseBhanj dynasty (Mayurbhanj branch)

Personal lifeEdit

Early lifeEdit

He was only eleven years old when his father and ruler of the Mayurbhanj State, Maharaja Krishna Chandra Bhanj Deo died;[3] Sriram Chandra Bhanjadeo succeeded to the throne on 29 May 1882. However, at that time the State was ruled under a British Commissioner till Maharaja came of age; he was formally installed as Maharaja on 15 August 1892.[3] The affairs of state remained in the hands of his grandmother, the Dowager Maharani of Mayurbhanj, until he took charge some years later.[3]

Matrimonial alliancesEdit

He was first married to Maharani Lakshmi Kumari Devi, daughter of a zamindar of Panchkot in Bengal, who died in 1902.[3] In 1904, he married Maharani Sucharu Devi, a daughter of Maharshi Keshab Chandra Sen. He had two sons, Purna Chandra Bhanj Deo and Pratap Chandra Bhanj Deo with his first wife.[3] Purna Chandra Bhanj Deo succeeded him to the throne, while Pratap Chandra Bhanj Deo succeeded his elder brother to the throne after the former's death.[3] He had a son, Dhrubendra Chandra Bhanj Deo and two daughters of his second wife, Sucharu Devi. Dhrubendra Chandra Bhanj Deo became an air force pilot and died in action during the Second World War.[4] The elder daughter was married to the Maharaja of Vizianagram and the younger daughter, Rani Jyoti Manjari Devi was married to Mahant Sarveshwar Das, the Raja Bahadur of Nandgaon, a princely state of the erstwhile Central Provinces and Berar.[5]

DeathEdit

Maharaja died due to an accident, while on a hunting trip, when he was accidentally injured by the bullet fired from the gun of his brother-in-law (brother of Sucharu Devi). He was severely injured and was treated in Calcutta, but died there of his injuries.[6]

WorkEdit

AdministrationEdit

He worked for the all around development of Mayurbhanj and implemented various welfare schemes designed to help the people. He was revered as a philosopher king. He constituted the state council for administration in the state and brought about reforms in the sphere of language, health and administration.[7]

During his reign, the scientific operation of iron mines was started for the first time and Gorumahsini mines were leased to the Tatas. In 1903, he commissioned a narrow gauge railway line from Rupsa to Baripada known as Mayurbhanj State Railway.[7] During his reign 474 miles of road were built in State connecting all divisional towns with Baripada.[7] The Baripada Municipality was constituted by him in 1905. He also started an English High School with boarding facility, a government Press, a fully equipped hospital and a leper asylum in Baripada.[7]

He appointed Mohini Mohan Dhar the Dewan of Mayurbhanj.[7] Impressed with the noble qualities of Gopabandhu Das he made him his advocate.[2]

Art and cultureEdit

He was a great patron of Oriya art and culture. The famous Chhau dance of Orissa or "war-dance" was presented by him for a show in 1912 in Calcutta in honor of George V, the British emperor, who was impressed by its beauty and splendour.[8]

He was also a patriot and great patron of the Odia language and presided over the first meeting of Utkal Samilani held on 3 December 1903.

ArchitectureEdit

In 1892, he did major additions to the royal palace of Mayurbhanj, which has 126 rooms. The front of the palace resembles the Buckingham Palace, which was built in 1908. Two colleges, Maharaja Purna Chandra College, and the Government Women's College are now located inside the palace.[9]

 
Statue of Sriram Chandra Bhanj Deo, ruler of Mayurbhanj State

HonoursEdit

LegacyEdit

He died on 22 February 1912 at Mayurbhanj.[2] He and his father Maharaja Krushna Chandra Bhanja Deo[10] are widely acknowledged as the makers of modern Orissa.[11] The Shri Ramachandra Bhanj Medical College at Cuttack was named after him in year 1951, in recognition of the donation and efforts made by the ruler in his lifetime.[12] A college in Ragdha founded by him has been named after him as Sriram Chandra Bhanja Degree College.[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Orissa Government Portal". og.csm.co.in. Retrieved 18 February 2013. Shri Ramachandra Bhanja Dev ( 1870–1912)
  2. ^ a b c "Genealogy".
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Biography of the Maharaja Sri Ram Chandra Bhanj Deo by Sailendra Nath Sarkar. Published – 1918.
  4. ^ Sucharu Devi, Maharani of Coochbehar, a biography, 1979
  5. ^ "Indian Princely States: Nandgaon".
  6. ^ a b c Bond, J. W.; Wright, Arnold (1922). Indian States: A Biographical, Historical, and Administrative Survey By Somerset Playne, R. V. Solomon, J. W. Bond, Arnold Wright. p. 700. ISBN 9788120619654.
  7. ^ a b c d e http://orissa.gov.in/e-magazine/Orissareview/dec2005/engpdf/maharaja_sriram_chandra_bhanja_deo_the_evershining__jewel_of_mayurbhanj.pdf
  8. ^ "Mayurbhanj".
  9. ^ Mayurbhanj Palace wallows in royal neglect
  10. ^ Samal, J. K.; Nayak, Pradip Kumar (1996). Makers of Modern Orissa: Contributions of Some Leading Personalities of ... By J. K. Samal, P. K. Nayak, Pradip Kumar Nayak. pp. 131–150. ISBN 9788170173229.
  11. ^ "Orissa: Removal of Mayurbhanj Maharaja statue". www.oneindia.com. May 22, 2007.
  12. ^ In 1951, the Orissa Medical College was subsequently renamed as SRIRAM CHANDRA MEDICAL COLLEGE in recognition of the donation and efforts made by Mayurbhaj Maharaja SRIRAM CHANDRA BHANJA.
  13. ^ Collegein

External linkEdit

  Media related to Sriram Chandra Bhanj Deo at Wikimedia Commons

Political offices
Preceded by
Maharaja Krishna Chandra Bhanj Deo
Maharaja of Mayurbhanj
1882–1912
Succeeded by
Maharaja Purna Chandra Bhanj Deo