Squamarina is a genus of lichens in the family Stereocaulaceae,[1] although it has recently been suggested that it may belong in the family Ramalinaceae.[2] They form patches of radiating lobes or overlapping scales, with a well-developed upper cortex and no lower cortex.[3] They grow on calcareous soil and rocks.[3] Squamarina lentigera can be used to make a yellow dye.[4]

Squamarina sp. growing in Warscheneck, Upper Austria
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Class: Lecanoromycetes
Order: Lecanorales
Family: Stereocaulaceae
Genus: Squamarina
Poelt (1958)
Type species
Squamarina gypsacea
(Sm.) Poelt (1958)

S. cartilaginea
S. haysomii
S. gypsacea
S. lentigera


  1. ^ Lumbsch, H. T. and S.M. Huhndorf (ed.) 2007. Outline of Ascomycota – 2007. Myconet 13: 1 - 58.[1]
  2. ^ Ekman, Stefan, Heidi L. Andersen, and Mats Wedin. 2008. The limitations of ancestral state reconstruction and the evolution of the ascus in the Lecanorales (lichenized Ascomycota). Systematic Biology 57(1): 141–156.
  3. ^ a b Sharnoff S, Brodo IM, Sharnoff SD (2001). Lichens of North America. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-08249-5.
  4. ^ Brough, S. G. (1988). "Navajo lichen dyes". The Lichenologist. 20 (3): 279–290. doi:10.1017/s0024282988000313. S2CID 85799639.