Splendor Solis (English: "The Splendour of the Sun") is a version of the illuminated alchemical text attributed to Salomon Trismosin. This version dates from around 1582.

The peacock in a crowned flask associated with Venus

The earliest version, written in Central German, is dated 1532–1535 and is part of the Kupferstichkabinett Berlin collection at the State Museums in Berlin. It is illuminated on vellum, with decorative borders like a book of hours, meticulously painted and highlighted with gold. The later copies in London, Kassel, Paris and Nuremberg are equally fine. Twenty versions exist worldwide.

The original of Splendor Solis, which contained seven chapters, appeared in Augsburg. In miniatures the works of Albrecht Dürer, Hans Holbein and Lucas Cranach were used. The author of the manuscript was considered to be the legendary Salomon Trismosin, allegedly the teacher of Paracelsus, though the name is believed to be a pseudonym. The work consists of a sequence of 22 elaborate images, set in ornamental borders and niches. The symbolic process shows the classical alchemical death and rebirth of the king, and incorporates a series of seven flasks, each associated with one of the then-known planets. Within the flasks a process is shown involving the transformation of bird and animal symbols into the Queen and King, the white and the red tincture. Although the style of the Splendor Solis illuminations suggest an earlier date, they are likely of the 16th century.



  • Splendor Solis at The Alchemy Website, retrieved 2009-01-11
  • Splendor Solis at Rosicrucian Site (incl. text), archived from the original on 2011-07-27, retrieved 2010-08-11{{citation}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  • High Resolution of illumination images from Splendor Solis at the bordel.haghn Site, archived from the original on 2014-05-04, retrieved 2014-05-04
  • Images from Splendor Solis at occultusthesaurus.com, archived from the original on 2016-11-13, retrieved 2016-11-11
  • Splendor solis cards (all 22 cards) for free download in print quality, retrieved 2020-02-17