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Special cities are one of the first-level administrative divisions within North Korea. There are four special cities in North Korea.
|Location||Democratic People's Republic of Korea|
|Number||4 Special Cities|
|Populations||205,000 (Rason) – 3,255,388 (Pyongyang)|
|Areas||710 square miles (1,800 km2) (Rason) – 400 square miles (1,000 km2) (Pyongyang)|
Position in hierarchy and typesEdit
Special cities are the higher-ranked administrative divisions in North Korea. There are three kinds of special cities in North Korea.
|Type||Chosŏn'gŭl||Hancha||McCune–Reischauer||City names||Amount of cities|
|Special city||특별시||特別市||T'ŭkpyŏlsi||Rason, Nampo, Kaesong||3|
The first level cities have equal status to the provinces.
List of special citiesEdit
|Pyongyang||평양직할시||平壤直轄市||Directly administered city||KP-01||3,255,388||3,194||1,019||Chung-guyok||Kwanso||South Pyongan||1946|
|Rason||라선특별시||羅先特別市||Special city||KP-13||205,000||746||275||Rajin-guyok||Kwanbuk||North Hamgyong||2010|
|Nampo||남포특별시||南浦特別市||Special city||KP-??||366,815||829||442||Waudo-guyok||Kwanso||South Pyongan||2011|
|Kaesong||개성특별시||開城特別市||Special-level city||none||308,440||1,309||235||Haeso||North Hwanghae||2019|
Note: Pyongyang is classified as a capital city (chikhalsi), not a special city as Seoul in South Korea. In fact, the North Korean national newspaper and broadcasting say "Pyongyang Chikhalsi". Some sources, most of them coming from South Korea, refer the city as a special city; however, these are old sources. Moreover, South Korea has corrected the city as a directly governed city, according to a South Korean newspaper in 1994. The official name of Pyongyang would be "Pyongyang-si" in the Republic of Korea, which officially claims to represent the entire peninsula.
List of defunct special citiesEdit
|Division name||Chosŏn'gŭl||Hancha||Province absorbed into||Administered Years|
|Chongjin||청진시||淸津市||North Hamgyong||1960–1967, 1977–1985|
- 행정구역 현황 [Haengjeong Guyeok Hyeonhwang]. Chosun Ilbo (in Korean). 2004. Archived from the original on 2006-01-09.
- 행정구역 개편 일지 [Haengjeong Guyeok Gaepyeon Ilji]. Chosun Ilbo (in Korean). 2004. Archived from the original on 2006-11-02.
- Dormels, Rainer. North Korea's Cities: Industrial facilities, internal structures and typification. Jimoondang, 2014. ISBN 978-89-6297-167-5