Chung-guyŏk (Central Ward) is one of the 18 guyok which constitute the city of Pyongyang, North Korea. The district is located in the center of the city, between the Pothonggang Canal and Taedong River, and is bordered to the north by Moranbong-guyok, to the northwest by Potonggang-guyok, and to the south by Pyongchon-guyok.

Chung-guyŏk
Guyŏk of Pyongyang
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised RomanizationJung-guyeok
 • McCune–ReischauerChung-guyŏk
The Grand People's Study House and Kim Il-sung Square (with Ryugyong Hotel in background)
Coordinates: 39°00′00″N 125°44′24″E / 39.00000°N 125.74000°E / 39.00000; 125.74000Coordinates: 39°00′00″N 125°44′24″E / 39.00000°N 125.74000°E / 39.00000; 125.74000
CountryNorth Korea
Direct-administered cityP'yŏngyang-Chikhalsi
Administrative divisions19 administrative dong
Area
 • Total13.1 km2 (5.1 sq mi)
Population
 (2008)[1]
 • Total131,333
 • Density10,000/km2 (26,000/sq mi)

OverviewEdit

As the centre of Pyongyang, the district holds many of the city's most important buildings. The famous Kim Il-sung Square is located along the banks of the Taedong river, together with the Grand People's Study House, which is the national library of North Korea.[2] Chung-guyok was once the historical centre of Pyongyang, and was almost completely obliterated during the Korean War by American bombing. Vestiges of the old city can still be seen, and the district is home to several of North Korea's National Treasures, including the rebuilt Potong and Taedong Gates, the Pyongyang Bell, the Ryongwang Pavilion, and the Sungryong and Sungin Halls.[3] Other buildings include the Koryo Hotel, Taedonggang Hotel, Pyongyang First Department Store, the Korea Stamp Museum, the Pyongyang Central Children's palace and Taedongmoon Cinema.

The Pyongyang Metro runs through this district, with stops at Yonggwang, Ponghwa and Sungri stations. Pyongyang's central railway station is also located here.

Executive offices of the North Korean government and its industry are located in the area. The headquarters of the Workers' Party of Korea and the headquarters of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea are located in the area.

Many new riverside terraced apartments were built along the Pothonggang Canal, a project which Kim Jong-un visited multiple times,[4] and the district was renamed by the 690th order of the Presidium of the SPA.[5]

EconomyEdit

Air Koryo has a booking office in Tongsŏng-dong.[6]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Chung-guyok is divided into nineteen administrative districts known as dong.[7]

Chosŏn'gŭl Hancha
Ch'anggwang-dong 창광동
Chongro-dong 종로동
Chungsŏng-dong 중성동
Haebangsan-dong 해방산동 解放
Kyogu-dong 교구동
Kyŏngrim-dong 경림동
Kyongru-dong[8] 경루동[5] 瓊樓洞[9]
Kyŏngsang-dong 경상동
Mansu-dong 만수동
Oesŏng-dong 외성동
Ot'an-dong 오탄동
Pot'ongmun-dong 보통문동
Ryŏnhwa-dong 련화동
Ryusŏng-dong 류성동
Sŏch'ang-dong 서창동 西
Sŏmun-dong 서문동 西
Taedongmun-dong 대동문동
Tong'an-dong 동안동
Tonghŭng-dong 동흥동
Tongsŏng-dong 동성동
Yŏkchŏn-dong 역전동

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ North Korea: Administrative Division. citypopulation.de.
  2. ^ The Grand People's Study House of the DPR of Korea. UN System Depository Libraries. Retrieved on August 31, 2008.
  3. ^ 북한문화재 자료관. Archived from the original on 2008-12-03. Retrieved 2009-05-25.
  4. ^ "North Korea upgrades new skyscraper to 80 floors, making it 2nd-tallest in DPRK | NK News". NK News - North Korea News. 2021-08-27. Retrieved 2021-09-10
  5. ^ a b "로동신문". 로동신문 (in Korean). Retrieved 2021-09-12.
  6. ^ "Contact Archived 2011-06-05 at the Wayback Machine." Air Koryo. Retrieved on August 6, 2009.
  7. ^ "북한지명사전". 북한지명사전. Archived from the original on 2006-11-04. Retrieved 2009-04-23.
  8. ^ Rodong Sinmun http://rodong.rep.kp/en/index.php?strPageID=SF01_02_01&newsID=2021-09-12-0002. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ "劳动新闻". 劳动新闻 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2021-09-12.