The Chosun Ilbo (Korean: 조선일보, lit. 'Korea Daily Newspaper') is a daily newspaper in South Korea and the oldest daily newspaper in the country. With a daily circulation of more than 1,800,000, the Chosun Ilbo has been audited annually since the Audit Bureau of Circulations was established in 1993. Chosun Ilbo and its subsidiary company, Digital Chosun, operates the Chosun.com news website, which also publishes web versions of the newspaper in English, Chinese, and Japanese. The paper is considered a newspaper of record for South Korea.
|Founded||5 March 1920|
|Headquarters||Jung-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea|
|Website||chosun.com (Korean) english.chosun.com (English edition)|
|Revised Romanization||Joseon Ilbo|
The Chosun Ilbo Establishment Union was created in September 1919 while the Chosun Ilbo company was founded on 5 March 1920 by Sin Sogu. The newspaper was critical of, and sometimes directly opposed to, the actions of the Japanese government during Japanese colonial rule (1910–1945).
On 27 August 1920, the Chosun Ilbo was suspended after it published an editorial criticizing what it said was the use of excessive force by the Japanese police against Korean citizens. This was the first in a string of suspensions. On 5 September 1920, three days after the first suspension was lifted, the newspaper published an editorial, "Did the Japanese central governing body shut down our newspaper?" Then, Chosun Ilbo was given an indefinite suspension.
In 1927, the Chosun Ilbo's editor and publisher were arrested. The editor was also the chief staff writer. The alleged offense in this case was an editorial describing the mistreatment of prisoners by the colonial government. In May of the same year, in response to an editorial criticizing the deployment of troops into Shandong, the newspaper was suspended for a fourth time – in this case for 133 days. The publisher and chief staff writer, An Jae-hong, were again imprisoned.
After these events, the Chosun Ilbo remained at the forefront of events, trying to improve general public life and sponsoring collaborative events. This was a turbulent period; within the space of three years, the president was replaced three times. On 21 December 1935, in opposition to compulsory Japanese education and plans to assimilate the Korean people and language, the Chosun Ilbo published 100,000 Korean-language textbooks nationwide.
Over the years, the Chosun Ilbo company also published many additional titles, including a monthly current affairs magazine, Youth Chosun, the first of its kind in Korea. Others included its sister publication, Jogwang.
On 31 July 1940, the newspaper published "Lessons of American Realism", the fourth part of an editorial series. Ten days later - following issue 6,923 - the paper was declared officially discontinued by the Japanese ruling government. In the twenty years since its founding, the paper had been suspended by the Japanese government four times, and its issues confiscated over five hundred times before 1932.
When Korea gained independence in 1945, the Chosun Ilbo came back into publication after a five-year, three-month hiatus.
Besides the daily newspaper, the company also publishes the weekly Jugan Chosun, the monthly Wolgan Chosun and other newspapers and magazines. Subsidiaries include Digital Chosun, Wolgan Chosun, Edu-Chosun, and ChosunBiz.
North Korean positionEdit
The Chosun Ilbo has taken a skeptical line on governmental policy towards North Korea such as Kim Dae-jung's "Sunshine policy". For this reason, it has attracted heavy criticism and threats from the North.
On 31 May 2019, the newspaper reported that, based on "an unidentified source", the head diplomat of North Korea's nuclear envoy Kim Hyok-chol, had been executed by a North Korean Government firing squad. However, two days later, on 2 June 2019, the top diplomat was seen at a concert sitting a few seats away from North Korea's leader Kim Jong-un.
- Burrett, Tina; Kingston, Jeff (2020). Press Freedom in Contemporary Asia. New York, NY: Routledge. ISBN 9781138584839.
- Lee, Sangwon; Paik, Jihyun (2017). "How partisan newspapers represented a pandemic: the case of the Middle East respiratory syndrome in South Korea". Asian Journal of Communication. 27 (1): 82–96. doi:10.1080/01292986.2016.1235592.
- Jo, Wonkwang; You, Myoungsoon (2019). "News media's framing of health policy and its implications for government communication: A text mining analysis of news coverage on a policy to expand health insurance coverage in South Korea". Health Policy. 123 (11): 1116–1124. doi:10.1016/j.healthpol.2019.07.011. PMID 31495561. S2CID 199026467.
- Kim, Kisun; Shahin, Saif (2019). "Ideological parallelism: toward a transnational understanding of the protest paradigm". Social Movement Studies. 19 (4): 391–407. doi:10.1080/14742837.2019.1681956. S2CID 210459297.
- Frank, Rüdiger; Hoare, Jim; Köllner, Patrick; Pares, Susan (2009). Korea Yearbook (2009): Politics, Economy and Society. Leiden: BRILL. p. 207. ISBN 9789004180192.
- Chosun Iilbo http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2010/11/30/2010113001011.html Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
- "The Asia-Pacific Perceptions Project". National Centre for Research on Europe. Christchurch, New Zealand: University of Canterbury. Archived from the original on 6 August 2012. Retrieved 8 April 2008.
- Hoare, James E. (2015). Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Korea, Third Edition. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. p. 118. ISBN 978-0-8108-7163-2.
- Pratt, Keith; Rutt, Richard (2013). Korea: A Historical and Cultural Dictionary. Oxon: Routledge. p. 65. ISBN 9780700704644.
- Kim, Choon-Hee (2020). Jamesian Cultural Anxiety in the East and West: The Co-Constitutive Nature of the Cosmopolite Spirit. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 140. ISBN 978-1-5275-4199-3.
- Youm, Kyu Ho; Kwak, Nojin (August 2018). "3". Korean Communication, Media, and Culture: An Annotated Bibliography (1st ed.). Lexington Books. p. 71. ISBN 978-1498583329.
The prominent "big three" publications — Chosun Ilbo, Dong-A Ilbo, and Joongang Ilbo — are newspapers of record with a combined three million subscribers.
- North Korea executes nuclear envoy to U.S. after failed Trump summit: report. Archived 2 June 2019 at the Wayback Machine Kim Hjelmgaard. USA Today. 31 May 2019. Accessed 3 June 2019.
- North Korea executed top negotiator, purged others over failed Trump summit, report says. Archived 12 January 2020 at the Wayback Machine Victoria Kim. Los Angeles Times. 31 May 2019. Accessed 3 June 2019.
- North Korea 'executed' officials after failed Trump summit: report. Archived 4 June 2019 at the Wayback Machine France 24 TV. 31 May 2019. Accessed 3 June 2019.
- North Korea Executes Envoy to Failed U.S. Summit -Media; White House Monitoring. Archived 4 June 2019 at the Wayback Machine Hyonhee Shin and Joyce Lee. U.S. News & World Report. 31 May 2019. Accessed 3 June 2019.
- US checking reports North Korea executed envoy, says Pompeo: South Korean paper claims Kim Hyok-chol has been killed and a negotiator put in forced labour. Archived 4 June 2019 at the Wayback Machine Justin McCurry. The Guardian. London, England. 31 May 2019. Accessed 3 June 2019.
- US checking reports North Korea executed top official after Trump summit, Pompeo says. Archived 4 June 2019 at the Wayback Machine CNN. 1 June 2019. Accessed 3 June 2019.
- Top North Korean official reappears days after purge report. Archived 3 June 2019 at the Wayback Machine Kim Tong-Hyung, Associated Press.. 3 June 2019. Accessed 3 June 2019.
- Senior North Korean official reappears after 'forced labour' report: Photo shows Kim Yong-chol attended an art performance with Kim Jong-un on Sunday. Archived 4 June 2019 at the Wayback Machine Daniel Hurst. The Guardian. 3 June 2019. Accessed 3 June 2019.
- Purged? Not purged. Leading North Korean official reemerges in public. Archived 4 June 2019 at the Wayback Machine Min Joo Kim and Simon Denyer . 3 June 2019. Accessed 3 June 2019.
- Lee Hui-jin (이희진) (11 August 2011). "EBS 강사, 명예훼손 혐의로 조선일보 기자 고소". Nocut News (in Korean). Archived from the original on 25 March 2012. Retrieved 17 September 2011.