Southwest Philadelphia (formerly Kingsessing Township) is a section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. The section can be described as extending from the western side of the Schuylkill River to the city line, with the SEPTA. The northern border is defined by the Philadelphia City Planning Commission as east from the city line along Baltimore Avenue moving south along 51st Street to Springfield Ave. It follows the train tracks until 49th Street. From 49th and Kingsessing Ave the line moves east along Kingsessing Ave. The line then moves south along 46th St to Paschall Ave where it jogs to join Grays Ferry where the line runs to the Schuylkill River.
Southwest Philadelphia, as defined by the Philadelphia City Planning Commission
|Country||United States of America|
|• Total||10.6 sq mi (27 km2)|
|• Density||5,192/sq mi (2,005/km2)|
19142, 19143, 19153
Southwest Philadelphia is also described by the city as being the area south of Baltimore Avenue; this definition has historical merit as Baltimore Avenue between 49th and 52nd Streets was known as "The Hub of Southwest Philadelphia" at the turn of the 20th century. The Philadelphia Police Department patrols two districts located within Southwest Philadelphia. The two patrol districts serving Southwest Philadelphia are the 12th and 77th districts. Historically home to many Irish American neighborhoods, the section now has a large African American population.
Kingsessing Township was a township in the extreme southwestern portion of the county, roughly encompassing what is now known today as Southwest Philadelphia. It was bounded on the north by Blockley Township; on the east by Mill Creek and Schuylkill River; on the south by Delaware River and Bow Creek; and on the west by Darby Creek and Cobbs Creek. It embraces the site of the old village of Kingsessing. The township contained no other settlements of any size except Maylandville. It was traversed principally by the Darby Road and the road to Lazaretto. Its greatest length, 5 miles (8.0 km); greatest breadth, 2+1⁄2 miles (4.0 km); area, 6,800 acres (28 km2). This was the oldest settled portion of the county of Philadelphia.
The Kingsessing settlement was started by Swedes who settled the colony of New Sweden. Most of the settlers were Finns. Dating to 1646, it was the first village settled by Europeans within the territory of Philadelphia. Fort Nya Vasa at Kingsessing, was located on the eastern-side of Cobbs Creek near Cobbs Creek Parkway and Greenway Avenue. 
The township of Kingsessing was created not long after control of the colony was transferred to William Penn. The township and village were incorporated into the City of Philadelphia following the Act of Consolidation, 1854.
For the 18th and most of the 19th centuries Kingessing was a rural township with farms, orchards and market gardens. A major botanic and horticultural garden, Bartram's Garden was located in Kingessing Township, and was frequently called the "Kingsess Garden." By the middle of the 19th century, Kingessing was a major center for the nursery and florist gardens in Philadelphia County.
The name Kingsessing or Chinsessing comes from the Lenape word for "a place where there is a meadow". The origins of Kingsessing are found in the village of the same name that roughly occupied the same site as the current neighborhood. Kingsessing became the name of the township in which the original Lenape and Swedish village stood.
More than 80,000 people live in Southwest Philadelphia. It is approximately 60% black, 36% white, and 4% Asian.
Until the late 1960s, Southwest Philadelphia was considered an Irish-American neighborhood until Vietnamese refugees settled in the area along with African-Americans from nearby West Philadelphia. Philadelphia's African immigrant population has been most concentrated in Southwest Philadelphia and Northeast Philadelphia starting from the beginning of the twenty-first century. The majority of the immigrants are mainly Liberian refugees of Gio, Mano, Mandinka, Bassa, Grebo, and Kru descent, along with immigrants from Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Cote d'Ivoire. Southwest Philadelphia has long been called a haven for refugees.
A number of SEPTA Subway-Surface Trolley Lines traverse the area along Chester, Woodland, and Elmwood Avenues, providing easy access to Center City through the 40th Street Portal. These also extend to Darby and Yeadon.
Southwest Philly is served by 4 of the 5 Subway-Surface Lines (Trolleys) 11, 13, 34, and 36. It is also served by bus routes 12, 37, 52, 64, 108, G, and also with the Airport and Media/Elwyn Regional Rail lines.
- Airport Line-Eastwick Station & Terminus at the Airport
- Media/Elwyn Line-49th St & Angora Station.
- Route 11 runs along Woodland Avenue to Darby
- Route 13 runs along Chester Avenue to Yeadon and with some scheduled trips to Darby with route 11.
- Route 34 runs along Baltimore Avenue to Angora
- Route 36 runs along Elmwood Avenue to Eastwick near the Philadelphia Int'l Airport.
Philadelphia International Airport, a number of oil refineries, and many heavy industrial uses are located in the Southwest section. The housing stock is diverse with ornate Queen Anne style twin mansions in the neighborhoods bordering Cedar Park, plainer and simpler styles of twins predominating closer to the airport, and newer rowhouses, many with porches, filling in many neighborhoods. The South Philadelphia Sports Complex is very close to Southwest Philadelphia.
Less than 1% of Southwest is covered by trees, giving it one of the lowest ratios of shade tree cover in the city.
- Philadelphia City Planning Commission Archived 2005-10-13 at the Wayback Machine
- Philadelphia Almanac and Citizens' Manual
- Cedar Park Neighbors Archived 2015-03-18 at the Wayback Machine
- PPD Online Patrol Districts, Philadelphia Police Department.
- Day, Elizabeth D. Kingsessing: Swedish Settlement to Urban Blight (University Archives and Records Center. University of Pennsylvania. 10 October 2005) http://www.archives.upenn.edu/histy/features/upwphil/day_kingsessing.pdf
- Neighborhoods of Philadelphia
- Herold, Benjamin. "Student 'ambassadors' tackle divide between Africans, African Americans." The Notebook.[clarification needed] Northern hemisphere Fall 2008. Volume 16, No. 1. 1. Retrieved on December 16, 2010.
- The Benjamin Franklin Tercentenary
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Southwest Philadelphia.|
- Southwest Community Development Corporation
- Row House Days: Tales from a Southwest Philadelphia Childhood, Jack Myers, 2005
- Daly, John; Weinberg, Allen (October 1966). Genealogy of Philadelphia County Subdivisions (Second ed.). Philadelphia Dept. of Records.