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South Londonderry (UK Parliament constituency)

Coordinates: 54°50′17″N 6°53′49″W / 54.838°N 6.897°W / 54.838; -6.897

South Londonderry was a UK Parliament constituency in Ireland. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the British House of Commons from 1885 until it was abolished in 1922.

South Londonderry
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
18851922
Number of membersOne
Replaced byLondonderry
Created fromLondonderry

Contents

Boundaries and boundary changesEdit

This county constituency comprised the southern part of County Londonderry. Its official title was the South Derry division of county Londonderry.

1885-1922: The barony of Loughinsholin, and that part of the barony of Coleraine not contained within the Division of North Derry.

Prior to the 1885 United Kingdom general election and after the dissolution of Parliament in 1922 the area was part of the Londonderry constituency.

PoliticsEdit

The constituency was a majority unionist area.

All three candidates in 1918 were Roman Catholics. Had the Sinn Féin candidate won, then instead of taking up the Westminster seat he would have participated in the revolutionary First Dáil.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Election Name Party Born Died
1885 Timothy Michael Healy Irish Parliamentary Party 17 May 1855 26 March 1931
1886 Sir Thomas Lea Liberal Unionist 17 January 1841 9 January 1902
1900 John Gordon Liberal Unionist 23 November 1849 26 September 1922
1906
Jan 10
Dec 10
1916 Denis Henry Irish Unionist 7 March 1864 1 October 1925
1918
1921 Robert Chichester Irish Unionist 13 August 1874 10 December 1921
1922 Sir William Hacket Pain Ulster Unionist 5 February 1855 14 February 1924

ElectionsEdit

The elections in this constituency took place using the first past the post electoral system.

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General election 1885: South Londonderry[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary Tim Healy 4,723 53.2 N/A
Irish Conservative Hugh McCalmont 2,341 26.4 N/A
Liberal William Findlater 1,816 20.5 N/A
Majority 2,382 26.8 N/A
Turnout 8,880 82.3 N/A
Registered electors 10,790
Irish Parliamentary win (new seat)
General election 1886: South Londonderry[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Thomas Lea 4,737 50.6 +24.2
Irish Parliamentary Tim Healy 4,629 49.4 −3.8
Majority 108 1.2 N/A
Turnout 9,366 86.8 +4.5
Registered electors 10,790
Liberal Unionist gain from Irish Parliamentary Swing +14.0

Elections in the 1890sEdit

General election 1892: South Londonderry[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Thomas Lea 4,554 52.9 +2.3
Liberal Samuel Walker 4,053 47.1 N/A
Majority 501 5.8 +4.6
Turnout 8,607 91.8 +5.0
Registered electors 9,380
Liberal Unionist hold Swing N/A
General election 1895: South Londonderry[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Thomas Lea 4,485 52.4 −0.5
Liberal William Huston Dodd 4,068 47.6 +0.5
Majority 417 4.9 −0.9
Turnout 8,553 92.5 +0.7
Registered electors 9,247
Liberal Unionist hold Swing −0.5

Elections in the 1900sEdit

General election 1900: South Londonderry[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist John Gordon Unopposed
Liberal Unionist hold
General election 1906: South Londonderry[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist John Gordon 3,847 50.5 N/A
Russellite Unionist Samuel Robert Keightley 3,776 49.5 N/A
Majority 71 0.9 N/A
Turnout 7,623 91.7 N/A
Registered electors 8,313
Liberal Unionist hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910sEdit

General election January 1910: South Londonderry[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist John Gordon 3,985 52.0 +1.5
Liberal Samuel Robert Keightley 3,678 48.0 −1.5
Majority 307 4.0 +3.1
Turnout 7,663 95.2 +3.5
Registered electors 8,052
Liberal Unionist hold Swing +1.5
General election December 1910: South Londonderry[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist John Gordon 3,845 52.3 +0.3
Liberal William John Johnston 3,513 47.7 −0.3
Majority 332 4.5 +0.5
Turnout 7,358 91.4 −3.8
Registered electors 8,052
Liberal Unionist hold Swing +0.3

Gordon is appointed a judge, prompting a by-election.

By-election, 1916: South Londonderry[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Denis Henry 3,808 94.7 +42.4
Independent Unionist Arthur Turnbull 214 5.3 N/A
Majority 3,594 89.4 +84.9
Turnout 4,022 47.8 −43.6
Registered electors 8,416
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
General election 1918: South Londonderry[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Denis Henry 8,942 54.7 +2.4
Irish Parliamentary Arthur W. Conway 3,981 24.4 N/A
Sinn Féin Louis Joseph Walsh 3,425 21.0 N/A
Majority 4,961 30.3 +25.8
Turnout 16,348 77.1 −14.3
Registered electors 21,199
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1920sEdit

Henry is appointed Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland, prompting a by-election.

By-election, 1921: South Londonderry[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Robert Chichester Unopposed
UUP hold

Chichester dies, causing a by-election.

By-election, 1922: South Londonderry[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP William Hacket Pain Unopposed
UUP hold

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Walker, B.M., ed. (1978). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0901714127.
  • Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801–1922, edited by B.M. Walker (Royal Irish Academy 1978)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume II 1886–1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (The Harvester Press 1978)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume III 1919–1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (The Harvester Press 1979)
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 4)

External linksEdit

See alsoEdit