South East Essex (UK Parliament constituency)
|South East Essex|
|Former Borough constituency|
for the House of Commons
South East Essex, showing boundaries used from 1955-1974
|Number of members||one|
|Replaced by||Castle Point and Rochford|
|Created from||Billericay and Southend East|
|Number of members||one|
|Replaced by||Billericay and Southend East|
|Created from||South Essex|
- 1 History
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 Areas covered
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 References
South East Essex (formally the South Eastern division of Essex in its first incarnation) was one of eight single-member divisions of Essex (later classified as county constituencies) created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, replacing the three two member divisions of East, South and West Essex.
The seat was reduced considerably in size under the Representation of the People Act 1918 and again in the interim redistribution carried out for the 1945 general election, before being abolished for the 1950 general election.
1885-1918: The Sessional Divisions of Dengie, Orsett, and Rochford, and the civil parishes of Rainham and Wennington.
1918-1945: The Urban Districts of Grays Thurrock, Shoeburyness, and Tilbury, the Rural Districts of Orsett and Rochford, and part of the Rural District of Billericay.
Gained southern-most parts of Chelmsford Division of Essex, including Billericay. Area between River Crouch and River Blackwater (Dengie peninsular), including Burnham-on-Crouch, transferred to Maldon and western-most area, including Rainham, transferred to Romford. Parts comprising Southend-on-Sea County Borough created as a separate Parliamentary Borough.
1945-1950: The Urban Districts of Benfleet, Billericay, Canvey Island, and Rayleigh, the Rural District of Rochford, and part of the County Borough of Southend-on-Sea.
The House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1944 set up Boundaries Commissions to carry out periodic reviews of the distribution of parliamentary constituencies. It also authorised an initial review to subdivide abnormally large constituencies in time for the 1945 election. This was implemented by the Redistribution of Seats Order 1945 under which South East Essex was divided into two constituencies. As a consequence, the Urban District of Thurrock (created largely from amalgamating the Urban Districts of Grays Thurrock and Tilbury and the Rural District of Orsett) was formed as the new Thurrock Division of Essex. Other marginal changes resulting from changes to local authority boundaries.
Following the First Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies the seat was abolished. The bulk of the Division, comprising the Urban Districts of Benfleet, Billericay, Canvey Island and Rayleigh, formed the new County Constituency of Billericay. The Rural District of Rochford, and the parts of the County Borough of Southend-on-Sea situated in the Division (Shoeburyness), included in the new Borough Constituency of Southend East.
1955-1974: The Urban Districts of Benfleet, Canvey Island, and Rayleigh, and the Rural District of Rochford.
Re-established as a County Constituency. Benfleet, Canvey Island and Rayleigh were transferred back from Billericay, and Rochford from Southend East.
1974-1983: The Urban Districts of Benfleet, Canvey Island, and Rayleigh.
The Rural District of Rochford was now transferred to Maldon.
On abolition for the second time, Benfleet and Canvey Island (which now comprised the District of Castle Point) formed the new Borough Constituency of Castle Point. Rayleigh had been incorporated into the District of Rochford and was included in the new County Constituency thereof.
|Dengie peninsular,||South East Essex||Maldon (part)||South Colchester
and Maldon (part)
|Southend-on-Sea - West||Southend-on-Sea||Southend West|
|- East||Southend East||Southend East|
|Shoeburyness||South East Essex
||South East Essex|
|Rochford||South East Essex||Maldon (part)||Rochford|
|Rayleigh||Billericay||South East Essex|
|South Benfleet, Canvey Island||Castle Point|
|Billericay, Wickford||Chelmsford (part)||Billericay (part)||Basildon||Billericay|
|Tilbury, Grays, Orsett||South East Essex||Thurrock|
|Rainham||Romford (part)||Hornchurch (part)|
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1885||constituency created (South Essex divided)|
|Jan. 1910||John Kirkwood||Conservative|
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
|Liberal||Edmund Wright Brooks||4,359||47.1||+3.4|
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Conservative||John Pretyman Newman||7,170||43.7||−12.9|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+12.9|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Conservative||John Hendley Morrison Kirkwood||11,199||54.7||+11.0|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+11.0|
|Conservative||John Hendley Morrison Kirkwood||10,108||53.2||−1.5|
|Liberal||John Henry Burrows||8,891||46.8||+1.5|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
- Unionist: Rupert Guinness
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||+7.1|
|Unionist gain from Labour||Swing||+11.8|
|Liberal||George Thomas Veness||13,030||26.1||N/A|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||+9.5|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|National Labour||Felix Greene||6,539||11.5||n/a|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
|Liberal||Arthur Musgrove Mathews||7,797||13.3||n/a|
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Labour Co-op||Edward W Harby||13,841||40.27||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
|Labour||Reginald M Fryer||17,991||39.01||-1.26|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Labour||Derek W Edwards||26,208||39.80||-3.22|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Labour||Derek W Edwards||23,684||32.86||-6.94|
|Liberal||Christopher H Bohling||6,811||9.45||-2.25|
|Labour||David Bryn Jones||19,379||31.30||-1.56|
|Labour||David Bryn Jones||18,638||33.26||+1.96|
- Great Britain, Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales. The public general acts. unknown library. Proprietors of the Law Journal Reports, 1884.
- Craig, Fred W. S. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1885-1972;. Chichester,: Political Reference Publications. ISBN 0900178094. OCLC 539011.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
- Gay, Oonagh (2010-07-28). "The Rules for the Redistribution of Seats- history and reform". Cite journal requires
- British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
- Cox, William. "General Election results covering the Basildon area 1885 - 1935". Basildon History. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
- British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 (Craig)
- Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1922
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1955". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
- The Times Guide to the House of Commons. 1955.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1959". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1964". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1966". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1970". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results February 1974". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
- "'Essex South East', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results October 1974". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
- Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1979". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 22 March 2016.