Thurrock (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Thurrock in Essex.
Location of Essex within England.
|Electorate||77,667 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Grays, Tilbury, South Ockendon and Chafford|
|Member of Parliament||Jackie Doyle-Price (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||South East Essex|
|European Parliament constituency||East of England|
The result in 2017 was the 26th-closest nationally (of 650 seats).
All campaigns since the seat's 1945 inception have resulted in a minimum of 26.8% of votes at each election consistently for the same, leading UK, two parties' choice for candidate as winner and as runner-up in either order; the next-placed party's having fluctuated between 31.7% and 20.1% of the vote in the case of UKIP and between 8.1% and 21.7 in the case of the Liberal Democrats and predecessors.
The seat attracted two candidates in 1959 and seven in 2015.
1945-1983: The Urban District of Thurrock.
1983-2010: The Borough of Thurrock wards of Aveley, Belhus, Chadwell St Mary, East Tilbury, Grays Thurrock North, Grays Thurrock Town, Little Thurrock, Ockendon, Stifford, Tilbury, and West Thurrock.
2010–present: The Borough of Thurrock wards of Aveley and Uplands, Belhus, Chadwell St Mary, Chafford and North Stifford, Grays Riverside, Grays Thurrock, Little Thurrock Blackshots, Little Thurrock Rectory, Ockendon, South Chafford, Stifford Clays, Tilbury Riverside and Thurrock Park, Tilbury St Chads, West Thurrock, and South Stifford.
- History of boundaries
The loss of the area to the east was of a similar landscape and built environment, except for Canvey Island which demographically has a high retired proportion of its population. Its scant social housing contrasts with its modest incomes and fewer than average large gardens and large houses as is common in coastal communities.
- History of results
Thurrock was for 38 years from and including 1945 a large-majority Labour seat in parliamentary elections. The post-Falklands War election in 1983 gave majority of less than 4% of the vote to a recently-split Labour Party — for which see SDP. A Conservative gained the Thurrock seat in 1987 with a small majority. In 1992 the division was regained by a Labour candidate, namely Andrew MacKinlay, who was during his tenure as MP criticised for his questioning technique used of weapons expert Dr. David Kelly.
In the 2010 general election, a Conservative gained the seat, with Jackie Doyle-Price being elected as the MP with a majority of 92 votes, the third most marginal in that election. The 2015 result gave the seat the 8th most marginal majority of the Conservative Party's 331 seats by percentage of majority.
The seat has bellwether outcome status since 1997.
- Prominent frontbenchers
Dr Oonagh McDonald was Opposition Spokesman on Defence from 1981–1983, and then Opposition Spokesman on Treasury and Economic Affairs from 1983–1987.
Held by the Conservatives with a majority of just over 300 votes, Thurrock is a marginal seat between the Conservatives and Labour. This industrial Essex seat, east of London, includes the towns of Grays, Tilbury and Purfleet and 18 miles of the north bank of the Thames.
Historically known for quarrying and heavy industry, it is now a retail destination thanks to the Lakeside shopping centre. Retail and distribution are big employers, while Tilbury Power Station has closed and Coryton oil refinery is being redeveloped as a business park. Tilbury is also London's major port, handling millions of tonnes of cargo a year and is a major cruise ship terminal.
Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 higher than the national average of 3.8%, at 4.8% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian. The regional average for the Eastern England region was considerably lower, at 3.2% of the population.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1949||Labour Independent Group|
|1950||Hugh Delargy||Labour||Died May 1976|
|1976 by-election||Oonagh McDonald||Labour|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
At the 2015 general election Thurrock, presenting as two-party ultra-marginal (finely balanced) seat (with a 92-vote majority) became a three-party instance. Less than 800 votes determined third place from first. The majority of 536 votes between the two frontrunners could have been overturned by that number of voters divided by two, plus one.
In 2017 the seat was number 1 on UKIP's 2017 target list, the party only needed a 0.98% swing to win the seat from third place if the last result (of 2015) were repeated. The constituency was also at number 7 on Labour's target list, with a 0.54% swing needed for their candidate to win the seat. In the event, the swing to Labour was around 0.2% and Doyle-Price held the seat. This is the third consecutive time the seat has been held or won very narrowly.
|Liberal Democrat||Kevin McNamara||798||1.6||0.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Rhodri Jamieson-Ball||644||1.3||−9.4|
|All People's Party||Aba Kristilolu||31||0.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Carys Davis||4,901||10.7||−0.4|
|Christian Peoples||Arinola Araba||267||0.6||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+6.6|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Earnshaw Palmer||4,770||10.9||+0.6|
|Liberal Democrat||John Lathan||3,846||10.3||+2.2|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Joe White||3,843||8.1||−1.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Alan J. Banton||5,145||9.5||−7.0|
|Pensioners' Party||Charles Rogers||391||0.7||N/A|
|Anti-Federalist League||Peter Compobassi||117||0.2||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+1.8|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Social Democratic||Donald Benson||7,970||16.5|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
|Social Democratic||Donald Benson||9,761||21.74|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|National Front||E Burdett||1,358||1.97|
|Workers Revolutionary||M Daly||242||0.35|
|National Front||John Roberts||3,255||6.64||N/A|
|English National||Frank Hansford-Miller||187||0.38||N/A|
|World Grid Sunshine Room Party||Peter Bishop||72||0.15||N/A|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Conservative||Cedric J Hodgson||14,094||26.72|
|Liberal||James C Moran||6,648||12.61|
|Liberal||A Noel H Blackburn||8,094||15.25|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Conservative||William E McNamara||20,188||38.48|
|Conservative||Gerald A Petty||16,046||33.84|
|Independent Labour||Leslie Solley||4,250||9.78|
|Liberal||William Harold Henry Siddons||3,010||6.93|
Election in the 1940sEdit
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- The 2010 marginality of the result placed the seat immediately behind the majorities of Dan Byles (Con), 54 votes and Michelle Gildernew (SF), 2 votes
- List of Conservative MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 1)
- "UKIP Target Seats 2022 - Election Polling". www.electionpolling.co.uk.
- "Labour Target Seats 2022 - Election Polling". www.electionpolling.co.uk.
- "STATEMENT OF PERSONS NOMINATED, NOTICE OF POLL AND SITUATION OF POLLING STATIONS Election of a Member of Parliament for Thurrock" (PDF). Thurrock Council. Retrieved 15 May 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Thurrock". bbc.co.uk.
- "The Labour Party". labour.org.uk. Archived from the original on 5 August 2013.
- "Tim Aker announced as UKIP candidate for Thurrock". Your Thurrock. Retrieved 20 February 2014.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Thurrock". BBC News.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results: June 1983 [Archive]". politicsresources.net.
- "UK General Election results: May 1979 [Archive]". politicsresources.net.