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Belfast South (UK Parliament constituency)

  (Redirected from South Belfast (UK Parliament constituency))

Belfast South is a parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom House of Commons. It has been represented since 2017 by Emma Little-Pengelly of the Democratic Unionist Party.

Belfast South
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Belfast South in Northern Ireland.
Districts of Northern IrelandBelfast, Castlereagh
Electorate60,914 (March 2011)
Current constituency
Created1922
Member of parliamentEmma Little-Pengelly (DUP)
Number of membersOne
Created fromBelfast Cromac, Belfast Ormeau
18851918
Number of membersOne
Type of constituencyBorough constituency
Replaced byBelfast Cromac, Belfast Ormeau
Created fromBelfast
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencyNorthern Ireland

The seat has been relative to others a marginal seat since 2010 as its winner's majority has not exceeded 4.6% of the vote since the 17.3% majority won in that year. The seat has changed hands once since that year.

Contents

BoundariesEdit

1885-1918: In the Borough of Belfast, that part of Cromac ward not in the constituency of Belfast East, that part of St. George's ward not in the constituency of Belfast West, and the townlands of Malone Lower and that part of Malone Upper within the parliamentary borough in the parish of Shankill.

1922-1974: The County Borough of Belfast wards of Cromac, Ormeau, and Windsor.

1974-1983: The County Borough of Belfast wards of Cromac, Ormeau, and Windsor, the Rural District of Lisburn electoral divisions of Ardmore, Dunmurry, Finaghy, and Upper Malone, and the Rural District of Hillsborough electoral divisions of Breda and Edenderry.

1983-1997: The District of Belfast wards of Ballynafeigh, Cromac, Donegall, Finaghy, Malone, Ormeau, Rosetta, St George's, Stranmillis, University, Upper Malone, Willowfield, and Windsor.

1997-2010: The District of Belfast wards of Ballynafeigh, Blackstaff, Botanic, Finaghy, Malone, Musgrave, Ravenhill, Rosetta, Shaftesbury, Stranmillis, Upper Malone, Windsor, and Woodstock, and the District of Castlereagh wards of Beechill, Cairnshill, Galwally, Knockbracken, Minnowburn, and Newtownbreda.

2010-present: The District of Belfast wards above and the District of Castlereagh wards as above plus Carryduff East, Carryduff West, Hillfoot, and Wynchurch.

The seat was created in 1922 when, as part of the establishment of the devolved Stormont Parliament for Northern Ireland, the number of MPs in the Westminster Parliament was drastically cut. The seat is centred on the Belfast City Council districts of Balmoral, Laganbank and Pottinger and also contains part of the district of Castlereagh.

Prior to the 2010 general election the Boundary Commission proposed expanding Belfast South further into Castlereagh, taking in areas currently contained in both Strangford and Belfast East. This was strongly opposed by the DUP but supported by the Ulster Unionists. It was also one of the issues which generated the most negative comments in the written submissions with a petition representing half of Cregagh's residents opposing its move.

Following the local enquiries, the Boundary Commission proposed retaining the Cregagh ward in East Belfast while transferring instead the Hillfoot ward. These proposals were submitted as final recommendations and were put into force through the passing of the Northern Ireland Parliamentary Constituencies Order[1] in 2008. The electorate of the seat falls below the electoral quota for all seats in Northern Ireland, itself less than the average for all seats across the UK, as such its making by international standards was very slightly malapportioned.

HistoryEdit

In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Belfast South tended to elect 'rebel unionists' such as William Johnston, who famously defied a ban on Orange marches, and Thomas Sloan, founder of the Independent Orange Order.

Belfast South, centred on the River Lagan contains some of Belfast's most exclusive residential districts as well as Queen's University Belfast, and the overall tenor of the constituency is middle-class – young, trendy and cosmopolitan towards the city centre, with Northern Ireland's biggest concentrations of both students and ethnic minorities, and settled and prosperous further out. Despite this, significant pockets of inner-city working class areas such as the Markets and a number of isolated suburban estates are in the constituency.

There has been particularly rapid demographic change in Belfast South over the past 20 years, change which seems to be continuing. Since the 2011 census, Belfast South consists of a slightly larger Catholic population than Protestant. Belfast South traditionally had a unionist majority, but the nationalist vote has now surpassed this in more recent elections. There have also been strong votes for other parties such as the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland, Green Party, the Conservatives and the Northern Ireland Women's Coalition. The seat has also seen a steady series of candidates backed by groups who aspire to support the British Labour Party despite its prior ban on membership and organisation in Northern Ireland, though their results have been minimal. Until the 1990s the main focus of attention has been on contests between unionist candidates.

In the February 1974 general election the seat was won by Robert Bradford of the Vanguard Unionist Progressive Party on a united anti-Sunningdale Agreement slate with the Ulster Unionist Party and the Democratic Unionist Party. He defeated Rafton Pounder, the sitting Unionist MP who defended his seat as a pro-Assembly unionist. Bradford held the seat for the next seven years, though in February 1978 he and the rump of Vanguard reunited with the Ulster Unionists. At the end of 1981 Bradford was assassinated by the IRA in a Belfast community centre while hosting a political surgery.

The subsequent by-election garnered much interest as it was expected that the Democratic Unionist Party would take the seat, building on their steady rise which had seen them gain both Belfast North and Belfast East at the previous general election. However, the DUP came third, behind the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland, and the UUP's candidate Martin Smyth won the seat, holding it until 2005. The by-election was extremely significant at the time in that it was the first at which the DUP tide ebbed.

In the 2001 general election less than 50% of voters voted for unionist parties for the first time in its history, but this has been attributed[who?] to a collapse in the vote for the small Progressive Unionist Party as well as to Smyth's fierce opposition to the Good Friday Agreement which is estimated to have sent many pro-Agreement unionist voters to vote tactically for the Social Democratic and Labour Party.[citation needed]

In January 2005 Smyth announced that he would be retiring at the 2005 general election, raising speculation both as to whom the Ulster Unionists would field in succession to him and what effect a different candidate would have upon their share of the vote. The UUP selected Assembly member Michael McGimpsey, albeit with a highly controversial and bitter selection. The aftermath saw McGimpsey repudiated by many prominent local and national Ulster Unionists, including both Smyth and former UUP leader James Molyneaux. The DUP selected Jimmy Spratt and offered an electoral pact to the UUP that would give each party a free run at one out of South Belfast and Fermanagh and South Tyrone. This offer was rejected by the UUP.

In the event, the DUP and UUP both fielded candidates which split the vote, while the nationalist vote mainly went for the SDLP over Sinn Féin, with the result that the SDLP took the seat despite a majority of votes cast for unionist candidates.

In 2010, Sinn Féin opted not to stand against the SDLP to avoid splitting the nationalist vote. This effort was successful as the SDLP won the seat with a majority of 6,000. This was the seat in which the Alliance Party had their second-best showing, polling 15% of the votes. Alasdair McDonnell retained the seat in May 2015, with only 24.5% of the vote. This is the smallest proportion of the vote a winning candidate has ever achieved in a UK general election.[2]

In 2017 the seat was won by Emma Little-Pengelly of the DUP[3] with Alasdair McDonnell losing his seat along with all other SDLP MPs in Northern Ireland.[4]

Members of ParliamentEdit

Election resultsEdit

Elections in the 2010sEdit

General Election 2017: Belfast South[5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
DUP Emma Little-Pengelly 13,299 30.4 +8.2
SDLP Alasdair McDonnell 11,303 25.9 +1.3
Alliance Paula Bradshaw 7,946 18.2 +1.0
Sinn Féin Máirtín Ó Muilleoir 7,143 16.3 +2.5
Green (NI) Clare Bailey 2,241 5.1 -0.6
UUP Michael Henderson 1,527 3.5 -5.6
NI Conservatives Clare Salier 246 0.6 -0.9
Majority 1,996 4.6 N/A
Turnout 43,699 66.1 +6.1
Registered electors 66,105
DUP gain from SDLP Swing +3.5
General Election 2015: Belfast South[7][8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
SDLP Alasdair McDonnell 9,560 24.5 −16.5
DUP Jonathan Bell 8,654 22.2 −1.5
Alliance Paula Bradshaw 6,711 17.2 +2.3
Sinn Féin Máirtín Ó Muilleoir 5,402 13.9 N/A
UUP Rodney McCune 3,549 9.1 −8.2
Green (NI) Clare Bailey 2,238 5.7 +2.7
UKIP Bob Stoker 1,900 4.9 N/A
NI Conservatives Ben Manton 582 1.5 N/A
Workers' Party Lily Kerr 361 0.9 N/A
Majority 906 2.3 −15.0
Turnout 38,957 60.0 +2.6
Registered electors 64,927
SDLP hold Swing −7.5
General Election 2010: Belfast South[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
SDLP Alasdair McDonnell 14,026 41.0 +8.7
DUP Jimmy Spratt 8,100 23.7 −5.9
UCU-NF Paula Bradshaw[12] 5,910 17.3 −4.9
Alliance Anna Lo 5,114 15.0 +7.7
Green (NI) Adam McGibbon 1,036 3.0 N/A
Majority 5,926 17.3 +13.4
Turnout 34,186 57.4 -5.1
Registered electors 59,524
SDLP hold Swing +6.7

Elections in the 2000sEdit

General Election 2005: Belfast South[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
SDLP Alasdair McDonnell 10,339 32.3 +1.7
DUP Jimmy Spratt 9,104 28.4 N/A
UUP Michael McGimpsey 7,263 22.7 −22.1
Sinn Féin Alex Maskey 2,882 9.0 +1.4
Alliance Geraldine Rice 2,012 6.3 +0.9
Rainbow Dream Ticket Lynda Gilby 235 0.7 +0.4
Workers' Party Paddy Lynn 193 0.6 +0.1
Majority 1,235 3.9 N/A
Turnout 32,028 60.8 −3.1
Registered electors 52,218
SDLP gain from UUP Swing -13.4
General Election 2001: Belfast South[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Martin Smyth 17,008 44.8 +8.8
SDLP Alasdair McDonnell 11,609 30.6 +6.3
NI Women's Coalition Monica McWilliams 2,968 7.8 0.0
Sinn Féin Alex Maskey 2,894 7.6 +2.5
Alliance Geraldine Rice 2,042 5.4 −7.6
PUP Dawn Purvis 1,112 2.9 -11.5
Workers' Party Paddy Lynn 204 0.5 -0.2
Rainbow Dream Ticket Rainbow George Weiss 115 0.3 N/A
Majority 5,399 14.2 +2.5
Turnout 37,952 63.9 +1.6
Registered electors 59,436
UUP hold Swing +1.3

Elections in the 1990sEdit

General Election 1997: Belfast South[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Martin Smyth 14,201 36.0 −18.7
SDLP Alasdair McDonnell 9,601 24.3 +10.1
PUP David Ervine 5,687 14.4 N/A
Alliance Steve McBride 5,112 12.9 −2.8
Sinn Féin Seán Hayes 2,019 5.1 +2.6
NI Women's Coalition Annie Campbell 1,204 3.0 N/A
NI Conservatives Myrtle Boal 962 2.4 −9.3
Independent Labour Niall Cusack 292 0.7 N/A
Workers' Party Paddy Lynn 286 0.7 N/A
Natural Law James Anderson 120 0.3 N/A
Majority 4,600 11.7 -19.3
Turnout 39,484 62.2 -2.3
Registered electors 63,633
UUP hold Swing -13.4

1997 Changes are compared to the 1992 notional results shown below.

Notional 1992 UK General Election Result : Belfast South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP N/A 23,258 52.7 N/A
Alliance N/A 6,921 15.7 N/A
SDLP N/A 6,266 14.2 N/A
NI Conservatives N/A 5,154 11.7 N/A
Others N/A 1,437 3.3 N/A
Sinn Féin N/A 1,116 2.5 N/A
Majority 16,337 37.0 N/A
General Election 1992: Belfast South[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Martin Smyth 16,336 48.6 -9.2
SDLP Alasdair McDonnell 6,266 18.7 +5.6
Alliance John Montgomery 5,054 15.0 -6.3
NI Conservatives Andrew Fee 3,356 10.0 N/A
Sinn Féin Seán Hayes 1,123 3.3 +0.1
Labour and Trade Union Peter Hadden 875 2.6 N/A
Workers' Party Paddy Lynn 362 1.1 -3.6
Natural Law Teresa Mullen 212 0.6 N/A
Majority 10,070 29.9 -6.7
Turnout 33,584 64.5 +4.2
Registered electors 52,050
UUP hold Swing

Elections in the 1980sEdit

General Election 1987: Belfast South[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Martin Smyth 18,917 57.8 +7.8
Alliance David Cook 6,963 21.3 -2.6
SDLP Alasdair McDonnell 4,268 13.1 +4.5
Workers' Party Gerard Carr 1,528 4.7 +2.4
Sinn Féin Seán McKnight 1,030 3.2 +0.2
Majority 11,954 36.6 +10.6
Turnout 32,706 60.3 -9.3
Registered electors 54,208
UUP hold Swing
Belfast South by-election, 1986[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Martin Smyth 21,771 71.3 +21.3
Alliance David Cook 7,635 25.0 +1.1
Workers' Party Gerry Carr 1,109 3.6 +1.3
Majority 14,136 46.3 +20.3
Turnout 30,515 56.9 -12.7
Registered electors 53,944
UUP hold Swing

Note: The by-election was caused by the decision of all Unionist MPs to resign their seats and seek re-election on a platform of opposition to the Anglo-Irish Agreement.

General Election 1983: Belfast South[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Martin Smyth 18,669 50.0 -11.7
Alliance David Cook 8,945 23.9 -1.2
DUP Raymond McCrea 4,565 12.2 N/A
SDLP Alasdair McDonnell 3,216 8.6 -0.2
Sinn Féin Sean McKnight 1,107 3.0 N/A
Workers' Party Gerry Carr 856 2.3 N/A
Majority 9,724 26.0 +10.6
Turnout 37,358 69.6 +1.7
Registered electors 53,674
UUP hold Swing
Belfast South by-election, 1982[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Martin Smyth 17,123 39.3 -22.4
Alliance David Cook 11,726 26.9 +1.8
DUP William McCrea 9,818 22.6 N/A
SDLP Alasdair McDonnell 3,839 8.8 +0.9
Ulster Loyalist Democratic Party John McMichael 576 1.3 N/A
United Labour Party Brian Caul 303 0.7 N/A
One Human Family Jagat Narain 137 0.3 N/A
Peace State Simon Hall-Raleigh 12 0.03 N/A
Majority 5,397 12.4 -24.2
Turnout 43,534 66.2 -1.7
Registered electors 66,219
UUP hold Swing

Elections in the 1970sEdit

General Election 1979: Belfast South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Robert Bradford 28,875 61.7 +2.5
Alliance Basil Glass 11,745 25.1 +2.1
SDLP Alasdair McDonnell 3,694 7.9 +3.2
Unionist Party NI Victor Brennan 1,784 3.8 N/A
Labour Integrationist Jeffrey Dudgeon 692 1.5 N/A
Majority 17,130 36.6 +0.4
Turnout 46,790 67.9 +0.2
Registered electors 68,920
UUP hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Belfast South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Vanguard Robert Bradford 30,116 59.2 +16.6
Alliance John Glass 11,715 23.0 +13.1
Independent Unionist Stanley McMaster 4,982 9.8 N/A
SDLP Ben Caraher 2,390 4.7 -3.3
NI Labour Erskine Holmes 1,643 3.2 -1.5
Majority 18,401 36.2 +28.5
Turnout 50,846 67.7 -1.9
Registered electors 75,112
Vanguard hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Belfast South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Vanguard Robert Bradford 22,083 42.6 N/A
Pro-Assembly Unionist Rafton Pounder 18,085 34.9 N/A
Alliance David Cook 5,118 9.9 N/A
SDLP Ben Caraher 4,149 8.0 N/A
NI Labour Erskine Holmes 2,455 4.7 -24.9
Majority 3,998 7.7 N/A
Turnout 51,890 69.6 +1.2
Registered electors 75,443
Vanguard gain from UUP Swing
General Election 1970: Belfast South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Rafton Pounder 27,523 70.4 +5.0
NI Labour John Coulthard 11,567 29.6 -5.0
Majority 15,956 40.8 +10.1
Turnout 39,090 68.4 +5.1
Registered electors 57,112
UUP hold Swing

Elections in the 1960sEdit

General Election 1966: Belfast South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Rafton Pounder 23,329 65.4 -4.4
NI Labour Erskine Holmes 12,364 34.6 +12.2
Majority 10,965 30.7 -16.7
Turnout 35,693 63.3 -5.0
Registered electors 56,390
UUP hold Swing
General Election 1964: Belfast South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Rafton Pounder 27,422 69.8 -0.1
NI Labour John Barkley 8,792 22.4 +0.8
Ulster Liberal Judith Rosenfield 1,941 4.9 -2.6
Independent Republican Robert McKnight 1,159 3.0 N/A
Majority 18,630 47.4 -0.9
Turnout 39,314 68.3 -3.8
Registered electors 57,558
UUP hold Swing
Belfast South by-election, 1963[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Rafton Pounder 17,989 64.3 -5.6
NI Labour Norman Searight 7,209 25.8 +4.2
Ulster Liberal Albert Hamilton 2,774 9.9 +2.4
Majority 10,780 38.5 -9.8
Turnout 27,972 48.3 -23.8
Registered electors 57,864
UUP hold Swing

Elections in the 1950sEdit

General Election 1959: Belfast South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP David Campbell 30,164 69.9 -8.5
NI Labour Norman Searight 9,318 21.6 +4.0
Ulster Liberal Sheelagh Murnaghan 3,253 7.5 N/A
Sinn Féin Brendan O'Reilly 434 1.0 -2.9
Majority 20,846 48.3 -12.5
Turnout 43,169 72.1 +6.4
Registered electors 59,864
UUP hold Swing
General Election 1955: Belfast South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP David Campbell 33,392 78.4 +2.6
NI Labour Edward Brown 7,508 17.6 -3.6
Sinn Féin Patrick Kearney 1,679 3.9 N/A
Majority 25,884 60.8 +9.2
Turnout 42,579 65.7 -8.1
Registered electors 64,844
UUP hold Swing
Belfast South by-election, 1952[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP David Campbell 23,067 75.1 -0.7
NI Labour Samuel Napier 7,655 24.9 +0.7
Majority 15,412 50.2 -1.4
Turnout 30,722 46.4 -27.4
Registered electors 65,196
UUP hold Swing
General Election 1951: Belfast South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Hugh Gage 37,046 75.8 +0.6
NI Labour Robert McBrinn 11,815 24.2 -0.6
Majority 25,231 51.6 +1.2
Turnout 48,861 73.8 +4.5
Registered electors 66,212
UUP hold Swing
General Election 1950: Belfast South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Hugh Gage 34,620 75.2 +23.0
NI Labour James McKernan 11,428 24.8 +7.3
Majority 23,192 50.4 +28.5
Turnout 46,048 69.3 +2.9
Registered electors 66,486
UUP hold Swing

Elections in the 1940sEdit

General Election 1945: Belfast South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Conolly Gage 24,282 52.2 N/A
Commonwealth Labour Harry Midgley 14,096 30.3 N/A
NI Labour James Morrow 8,166 17.5 N/A
Majority 10,186 21.9 N/A
Turnout 46,544 66.4 N/A
Registered electors 70,140
UUP hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1930sEdit

General Election 1935: Belfast South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP William Stewart Unopposed
Registered electors 63,004
UUP hold
General Election 1931: Belfast South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP William Stewart Unopposed
Registered electors 59,394
UUP hold

Elections in the 1920sEdit

General Election 1929: Belfast South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP William Stewart 24,019 62.9 N/A
Independent Unionist Philip James Woods 14,148 37.1 N/A
Majority 9,871 25.9 N/A
Turnout 38,167 64.7 N/A
Registered electors 59,025
UUP hold Swing N/A
General Election 1924: Belfast South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Thomas Moles Unopposed
Registered electors
UUP hold
General Election 1923: Belfast South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Thomas Moles Unopposed
Registered electors
UUP hold
General Election 1922: Belfast South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Thomas Moles Unopposed
Registered electors
UUP win (new seat)

Elections in the 1910sEdit

Belfast South by-election, July 1917[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist William Arthur Lindsay Unopposed
Registered electors
Irish Unionist hold
Belfast South by-election, April 1917[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist James Chambers Unopposed
Registered electors
Irish Unionist hold
General Election December 1910: Belfast South[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist James Chambers 5,585 67.2 +5.3
Independent Unionist Thomas Sloan 2,722 32.8 -5.3
Majority 2,863 34.5 +10.7
Turnout 8,307 78.2 -9.6
Registered electors 10,622
Irish Unionist hold Swing +5.3
General Election January 1910: Belfast South[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist James Chambers 5,772 61.9 +16.9
Independent Unionist Thomas Sloan 3,553 38.1 -16.9
Majority 2,219 23.8 N/A
Turnout 9,325 87.8 +3.0
Registered electors 10,622
Irish Unionist gain from Independent Unionist Swing +16.9

Elections in the 1900sEdit

General Election 1906: Belfast South[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Unionist Thomas Sloan 4,450 55.0 N/A
Irish Unionist Arthur Hill 3,634 45.0 N/A
Majority 816 10.1 N/A
Turnout 8,084 84.8 N/A
Registered electors 9,538
Independent Unionist gain from Irish Unionist Swing N/A
Belfast South by-election, 1902[24][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Unionist Thomas Sloan 3,795 56.1 N/A
Irish Unionist Charles William Dunbar Buller 2,969 43.9 N/A
Majority 826 12.2 N/A
Turnout 6,764 66.0 N/A
Registered electors 10,246
Independent Unionist gain from Irish Unionist Swing N/A
General Election 1900: Belfast South[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist William Johnston Unopposed
Registered electors
Irish Unionist hold

Elections in the 1890sEdit

General Election 1895: Belfast South[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist William Johnston Unopposed
Registered electors 8,192
Irish Unionist hold
General Election 1892: Belfast South[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist William Johnston Unopposed
Registered electors 7,563
Irish Unionist hold

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General Election 1886: Belfast South[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist William Johnston 4,542 87.4 +21.4
Irish Parliamentary Andrew McErlean 657 12.6 N/A
Majority 3,885 74.7 +26.8
Turnout 5,199 77.1 -4.1
Registered electors 6,740
Irish Unionist gain from Ind. Conservative Swing
General Election 1885: Belfast South[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Ind. Conservative William Johnston 3,610 66.0 N/A
Liberal John Workman 990 18.1 N/A
Ind. Conservative Robert Seeds 871 15.9 N/A
Majority 2,620 47.9 N/A
Turnout 5,471 81.2 N/A
Registered electors 6,740
Ind. Conservative win (new seat)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (Northern Ireland) Order 2008". www.opsi.gov.uk. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  2. ^ Lowry, Ben (2015-05-09). "McDonnell won S.Belfast with lowest ever vote share by a UK MP". News Letter (Belfast). Retrieved 2016-01-26.
  3. ^ "Belfast South parliamentary constituency - Election 2017". BBC News. Retrieved 2017-08-10.
  4. ^ "Results of the 2017 General Election". BBC News. Retrieved 2017-08-10.
  5. ^ "Election of a Member of Parliament for the BELFAST SOUTH Constituency - Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll". Electoral Office of Northern Ireland. 11 May 2017. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  6. ^ "UK Parliamentary Election Result 2017 - Belfast South". Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  7. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  8. ^ "The Electoral Office of Northern Ireland - EONI". www.eoni.org.uk. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  9. ^ "Belfast South parliamentary constituency - Election 2017". Retrieved 9 June 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  10. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  11. ^ "BBC News - Election 2010 - Constituency - Belfast South". news.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  12. ^ Westminster Candidates[permanent dead link], Ulster Unionist Party, 20 March 2010
  13. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  14. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  15. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  16. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  17. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  18. ^ Results of Byelections in the 1983-87 Parliament in the United Kingdom Election Results website maintained by David Boothroyd
  19. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  20. ^ Boothroyd, David. "Results of Byelections in the 1979-83 Parliament". United Kingdom Election Results. Retrieved 2015-09-19.
  21. ^ "1963 By Election Results". Archived from the original on 2012-02-25. Retrieved 2015-08-17.
  22. ^ "1952 By Election Results". Archived from the original on 2012-02-25. Retrieved 2015-08-13.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Walker, B.M., ed. (1978). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0901714127.
  24. ^ "Election intelligence". The Times (36850). London. 19 August 1902. p. 3.

4. Correction: Clare Bailey, Green Party in Northern Ireland (not Green Party of England and Wales)

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit