Souain-Perthes-lès-Hurlus

Souain-Perthes-lès-Hurlus is a commune in the Marne department in north-eastern France.

Souain-Perthes-lès-Hurlus
The town hall in Souain
The town hall in Souain
Location of Souain-Perthes-lès-Hurlus
Souain-Perthes-lès-Hurlus is located in France
Souain-Perthes-lès-Hurlus
Souain-Perthes-lès-Hurlus
Souain-Perthes-lès-Hurlus is located in Grand Est
Souain-Perthes-lès-Hurlus
Souain-Perthes-lès-Hurlus
Coordinates: 49°11′04″N 4°32′39″E / 49.1844°N 4.5442°E / 49.1844; 4.5442Coordinates: 49°11′04″N 4°32′39″E / 49.1844°N 4.5442°E / 49.1844; 4.5442
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
DepartmentMarne
ArrondissementChâlons-en-Champagne
CantonArgonne Suippe et Vesle
IntercommunalityCommunauté de communes de la Région de Suippes
Government
 • MayorJean-Marie de Grammont
Area
1
53.12 km2 (20.51 sq mi)
Population
 (2017-01-01)[1]
238
 • Density4.5/km2 (12/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
51553 /51600
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
French armoured Baby Holt experiment at Souain, 9 December 1915.

First World WarEdit

On 9 December 1915 at Souain, a former battlefield with rough terrain and trenches, and in the presence of General Philippe Pétain, a prototype armoured vehicle motorized with a Baby Holt caterpillar was successfully tested. [2][3][4] It is also known for the Souain corporals affair, 17 March 1915.

The village is the site of the Monument de la Légion Etrangère, an ossuary with 130 bodies of légionnaires from the 1st and 2nd Régiment Etrangers, who fell at the French offensive in Champagne, in September 1915. The monument ossuaire was erected in 1920 by William Farnsworth, father of Harvard alumnus Henry Farnsworth, a young American university student who had enlisted in the French Foreign Legion on 5 January 1915 and was killed 28 September 1915.[5][6][7] The war had devastated the region, making construction very difficult.[5] Nevertheless, the work was completed in less than six months, beginning in May and ending in November 1920, with work taking place seven days a week.[5] Rue Henry Farnsworth in the town was also named for the fallen Farnsworth.[5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2017". INSEE. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. ^ Landships website
  3. ^ Armoured fighting vehicles of the world Duncan Crow 1970 p.68 "On December 9, 1915, the Baby Holt, modified with a mock-up armoured driving position ... was demonstrated on a crosscountry course at Souain"
  4. ^ Alain Gougaud L'Aube de la Gloire, Les Autos-Mitrailleuses et les Chars Français pendant la Grande Guerre, 1987, Musée des Blindés, ISBN 2-904255-02-8, p.111
  5. ^ a b c d "Le monument de la Légion Etrangère Henry FARNSWORTH, Souain" (in French). Légion Cavalerie. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
  6. ^ Edwin Morse The Vanguard Of American Volunteers In The Fighting Lines 1782893016 2014 "... Memorial Library at Harvard, a large room for the leisurely reading of such standard books as Henry Farnsworth loved, was handsomely supplied with books, pictures and furniture by Mr. and Mrs. William Farnsworth, in memory of their son"
  7. ^ Harvard Alumni Bulletin - Volume 23 - Page 401 1920 Through the Farnsworth Room in the Widener Library Building his name is already linked, most fittingly, with the daily life of Harvard College. The new memorial in France has a significance and suggestion (if which all Americans may well take note. When Henry Farnsworth and other adventurous spirits among our younger countrymen threw themselves into the European war on the side of the Allies, ..