Sons and Daughters (Australian TV series)
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Sons and Daughters is an Australian Logie Award-winning soap opera/drama serial created by Reg Watson and produced by the Reg Grundy Organisation between 1981 and 1987. The first episode aired on Monday 18 January 1982, during the Christmas/New Year non-ratings period in both Sydney and Melbourne, and the broadcast date of the final episode varied across Australia. The final episode was screened in Sydney on Sunday 27 December 1987 and in Melbourne on Sunday 10 January 1988 (again in the non-ratings period). Adelaide station ADS7 was one of the first to complete the series, showing the final episodes in a two-hour special on Monday 16 November 1987.
|Sons and Daughters|
|Created by||Reg Watson|
|Written by||See links at end of article for comprehensive list|
|Directed by||See links at end of article for comprehensive list|
|Starring||(see main cast list and character family tree below)|
|Country of origin||Australia|
|No. of seasons||6|
|No. of episodes||972|
|Production location(s)||Sydney, New South Wales|
|Running time||25 minutes|
|Production company(s)||Reg Grundy Organisation|
|Original network||Seven Network|
|Picture format||4.3 PAL|
|Original release||18 January 1982 –|
27 December 1987
- 1 Screening broadcast
- 2 Early beginnings
- 3 Success and awards
- 4 Theme tune
- 5 Plot
- 6 Broadcast schedule
- 7 Cast
- 8 The Hamiltons
- 9 The Palmers
- 10 The Morrells
- 11 The Armstrongs
- 12 The O'Briens
- 13 The Keegans
- 14 The Healys
- 15 Other leading primary cast
- 16 Family trees
- 17 Broadcast
- 18 Home media
- 19 Available at (National Film and Sound Archives)
- 20 Remakes
- 21 External links
One of the most popular series in the early 1980s, there are 972 half-hour episodes, but during the series' original run in Australia, later episodes were shown in an hour-long format. The pilot episode was shown in Australia and some UK ITV regions as a 90-minute special, although subsequent screenings have seen that episode split into three half-hours. The program has been broadcast internationally, and has been particularly popular in the United Kingdom, Ireland and Belgium.
Sons and Daughters was created by television executive Reg Watson who was inspired by glossy US prime-time soaps Dallas and Dynasty, which were averaging huge ratings in their respective time slots on CBS and ABC and was curious to see how an Australian half-hour soap similar in style to those shows would fare with early evening or prime-time audiences. The show was an instant hit and with writers for the show being able to place one or more families and other characters in either Sydney or Melbourne, they knew the show would appeal to viewers living in those cities. Watson knew Melbourne-based shows often did not rate well with Sydney viewers, and set about using either Sydney or Melbourne as the birthplace for much of the show's cast of characters. Sons and Daughters even used some former plot lines from Dallas or Dynasty to gain high viewership figures for the show's timeslot. Critics and press likened the serial as an Australian version of Latin American or South American telenovelas which would often hit huge viewership figures in their home country. British television broadcaster ITV would soon begin airing the show and audiences in the United Kingdom and other European territories would begin to become fans of the show. Most European and foreign countries that aired the show broadcast it in daytime. Ratings for the show would be very high for the first three years, but following the departure of Rowena Wallace in early 1985 to pursue other acting opportunities, ratings quickly began to decline, and a wacky and rather dull idea was put in play for Wallace's character Patricia Hamilton to return to the soap played by another actress. In mid-1985, new actress to the show Belinda Giblin arrived as Alison Carr, the new identity of Patricia, who had plastic surgery in Rio de Janeiro to escape from authorities who were looking for her in Australia for supposedly murdering a wealthy millionaire's son named Luke Carlyle, who had embezzled his father's and Patricia's firm. Patricia used this new identity to regain entry into Australia and with an instant boost to viewership figures watching the storyline the show was deemed to be saved from cancellation. However, when Wallace returned to the show in its final season, as Patricia's/Alison's twin, Pamela, ratings began to slide and after six successful years the show ended in 1987 and would be replaced with new half-hour soap Home and Away, created by Alan Bateman, and featuring former Sons and Daughters screenwriter Bevan Lee. Sons and Daughters is best remembered for its over-the-top storylines and dramatic, and often hilarious, cliffhangers. One such cliffhanger featured character Alison Carr (Belinda Giblin) being bitten by a venomous snake, which had been hidden in a wall safe that Alison broke into to steal documents from villain Wayne Hamilton, played by Ian Rawlings. Though the snake used, a python, would have a non-lethal bite, that storyline featuring the infamous snake cliffhanger was often credited as a way to try and increase ratings for the show. Another rather spurious storyline featured a bomb being hidden in the bottom of wheelchair that killed off Barney Adams, a love interest of Fiona Thompson, when it exploded. The show gained a cult following and has been repeated more than once in both Australian and international territories.
Success and awardsEdit
Sons and Daughters won the 1983 Logie Award for Most Popular Australian Drama. Rowena Wallace was the most nominated actress of the soap and was nominated for a Gold Logie Award for Most Popular Personality on Australian Television at the 26th Annual TV Week Logie Awards in 1984, and went on to win the award the following year in 1985. She was the first woman to win the award since it was opened up to Most Popular Australian Personality.
Wallace also received Silver Logies for:
- Most Popular Lead Actress (1983)
- Most Popular Actress (1984)
- Best Actress in a Series (1984)
- Best Lead Actress in a Series (1985)
Other awards won by Sons and Daughters cast members include: Most Popular New Talent – Stephen Comey (1982)
The theme tune was written by partners Peter Pinne & Don Battye and performed by Mick Leyton and Kerrie Biddell. Two main versions of the theme were used in the closing credits, one in 3/4 time and one in 4/4 time: the first version was used as the main closing theme for most episodes shown in 1982 and 1983, while the second version was used from 1984 to 1987. In addition. The full theme tune was released on a 7-inch single in the UK in 1984 and reached number 68 in the charts and stayed in the charts for three weeks. It was released on the A1 record label with catalogue number 'A1 286'.
The initial premise for the show was a Romeo and Juliet-style romance storyline which revolved around two families, the wealthy Hamilton family who lived in Sydney, and the Palmers, a working-class family from Melbourne. The characters of John Palmer (Peter Phelps) and spoilt rich girl Angela Hamilton (Ally Fowler) meet by chance whilst John is on the run from the police for a murder he did not commit. The two fall in love, not realising that they are actually twins, separated at birth 20 years earlier following an affair between their parents, David Palmer (Tom Richards) and Patricia (Rowena Wallace). Early episodes saw the pair discover the truth about their heritage and showed the problems and strains this put on their own relationship and those of their immediate families. While on the run John is protected in Sydney by Fiona Thompson (Pat McDonald), a former madame and prostitute and now boarding house owner who had raised John when he was a young boy. With a new identity and now going by the name of Scott Edwards, John attempts to build a new life, with the help of Fiona and her friend Jill Taylor (Kim Lewis), another former prostitute.
Following the shock revelation of John and Angela's true heritage and the subsequent reunion of the two families, a series of dramatic events unfolds, intertwining the lives of both the Palmers and the Hamiltons. The Palmers' newly-wed daughter Susan (Ann Henderson-Stiers) receives the shock revelation that her husband Bill Todd is responsible for the murder of which John was suspected, and Bill is subsequently convicted and jailed. The Palmers' youngest son Kevin (Stephen Comey) and his girlfriend Lynn Hardy (Antonia Murphy) find their lives turned upside down when she becomes pregnant, despite their families' best efforts to keep them apart. Father and son David and John Palmer's relationship continues to deteriorate, and when David and Patricia meet up again 20 years on from their initial affair, old passions resurface, culminating in the destruction of both their marriages—David's marriage to dedicated housewife Beryl (Leila Hayes) and Patricia's marriage to the wealthy and successful businessman Gordon (Brian Blaine). Amidst a web of intrigue concerning the numerous instabilities within both families, and shady big-business deals concerning Gordon's company, his ownership of country estate Woombai, and the increasing involvement of his manipulative son Wayne (Ian Rawlings), the drama builds throughout the season.
The character of Patricia rapidly developed into the main focus of the show, with her neurotic bitchiness and scheming being the source of most of the drama and tension between the other characters. Patricia became a popular character among viewers and was dubbed 'Pat the Rat' by the media. New characters introduced later in the season included Patricia's best friend, the dizzy socialite Charlie Bartlett (Sarah Kemp), Rob Keegan (Noel Hodda), the younger brother of Beryl Palmer who falls in love with and marries Angela, and Paul Sheppard (Mark Ferguson), the morally confused and neurotic grandson of Patricia's former lover James Sheppard, who left Patricia a substantial amount of his fortune following his death.
End-of-season cliffhanger – Season 1 (Episode 174): As John and Angela celebrate their 21st birthday and the whole of the Palmer family celebrates at the Palmer household, Patricia—who has been forbidden by the Palmers from attending—attempts to gatecrash. As David tries to stop her from entering the party, Patricia shocks him with the revelation that he is not the twins' father after all, and she has been lying to him and everyone else for years about the twins' true father.
As season 2 kicks off, Patricia is sinking further into depression after she overdoses on sleeping pills and Susan steps in to help take care of her as a live-in nurse, while scheming Wayne tricks Patricia into signing her power of attorney over to him to give him power over his father, Gordon. Shortly after, Susan becomes the first of the main cast to depart the series as she leaves to be closer to her husband Bill's prison. John tracks down his real father Martin Healy—a prominent officer in the Air Force—and also manages to find Patricia's estranged sister Margaret (Ilona Rodgers). The reunion of Patricia with Martin and Margaret sparks off a series of dramatic storylines as old secrets are revealed and old tensions between Patricia and Margaret resurface. A major turning point in the series comes with the suicide of Martin Healy after past crimes catch up with him, and when Margaret removes his suicide note from beside the body, David comes under suspicion of Martin's murder.
Other plot developments included Gordon's marriage to the Hamiltons' neighbour Barbara Armstrong (Cornelia Frances), and Jill's involvement with illegal Irish immigrant Brian O'Donnell, whom she agrees to marry so he can obtain a visa to stay in the country. Jill is raped by drifter Terry Hansen (Andrew Clarke), who is revealed to be Fiona's long-lost son. In a highly controversial storyline, Terry was treated by the scriptwriters as a sympathetic character despite the rape and his subsequent spell in prison. Fiona is shattered when her boarding house in Manly burns down, almost killing Jill in the inferno. A heated love triangle occurs between the characters of Angela, Rob Keegan and Paul Sheppard, following which all three characters depart the show. After Gordon and Barbara enter a business deal with Barbara's brother Stephen Morrell (Michael Long), they are shocked when Stephen suddenly marries Patricia after a whirlwind romance. This leads to the introduction of a third family for the show—the Morrells, including Stephen's mother Dee (Mary Ward), a ruthless elderly businesswoman, and his daughter Amanda (Alyce Platt). Following Dee's death from a heart condition, major developments occur when the contents of her will are revealed, affecting the other characters' lives dramatically. Upon Dee's insistence that a male heir continue her business, Stephen tracks down the young man he believes to be his long-lost son, Andy Green (Danny Roberts).
End-of-season cliffhanger (Episode 352): David and Beryl are held at gunpoint at Woombai by escaped criminal Joe Parker. As the episode comes to an end, five gunshots ring out and a scream follows, but viewers are left with no indication of who has been shot and who will survive to the next season. Sisters Patricia and Margaret come face to face for the first time since Margaret's release from prison, and Patricia tells Barbara that her best friend Helen Green is Andy's mother. Fiona rushes to the clinic to try and stop Jill from having an abortion, but will she make it in time?
As season 3 starts, Patricia's marriage to Stephen unravels and she seeks comfort in the arms of psychiatrist Matt Kennedy while continuing her bitter feud with sister Margaret, which climaxes in the siblings being trapped in a bush fire at Woombai, and finally making their peace when Margaret saves Patricia's life.
Major changes in the cast occur with the departures of John, Stephen, Doug and Rosie Palmer, and the introduction of a fourth family in the form of the working-class O'Briens, who move in next door to the Palmers and quickly become involved in the dramas of the other characters. The Palmers experience further problems when David has an affair with Patricia's sister Margaret, which finally ends his marriage to Beryl. David's happiness with Margaret is short-lived, however, as she dies following injuries sustained in a plane crash. Lynn becomes involved with Andy Green while Kevin is working overseas, and the two fall in love, leaving Lynn confused and contemplating suicide on the edge of a cliff. Lynn eventually chooses to stay with Kevin, and they move overseas with son Davey.
Patricia finds herself embroiled with shady businessman Roger Carlyle (Leslie Dayman) and his son Luke (Peter Cousens). Shortly after Luke embezzles Patricia's company, he is found murdered and Patricia becomes the prime suspect, leading to a series of attempts on her life orchestrated by Roger. Other new characters introduced during the season include Irene Fisher (Judy Nunn), a GP who opens a new boarding house with Fiona, Karen Fox (Lyndel Rowe), a deceitful businesswoman who wreaks havoc whilst having a romantic affair with Wayne, Ross Newman (Robin Stewart), a gambling-addicted surgeon, under the influence of Roger Carlyle, and Bob 'Mitch' Mitchell (Philip Quast), an ex-convict who becomes romantically involved with Amanda whilst coming to blows with Karen and Wayne.
End-of-season cliffhanger (Episode 528): A sedated, helpless Patricia lies on a hospital operating table, about to be operated on by Dr. Ross Newman, who is working for Roger Carlyle. Fiona makes up her mind regarding Barney Adams' marriage proposal, and Mitch lies on the floor apparently dead following a confrontation with both Karen and Wayne. Has Wayne killed Mitch?
Season 4 features a major turning point with the departure of its most popular cast member, Patricia. When Rowena Wallace chose to leave, the producers attempted to replace Patricia with several strong female antagonists in the form of Karen Fox, Leigh Palmer (Lisa Crittenden) and Caroline Morrell (Abigail) but none of these proved as successful, leading the producers to bring the character of Patricia back, albeit played by former The Box star Belinda Giblin, having undergone plastic surgery in Rio de Janeiro and now calling herself Alison Carr.
The season begins with Patricia finally marrying David, before fleeing to Rio to escape Roger Carlyle. Meanwhile, Wayne is tricked by Karen into marrying her, believing she has covered up the murder of Mitch for him, unaware Mitch is not dead at all and was paid by Karen to disappear. Shortly after the truth is revealed, Karen is found dead in the creek at Dural, having been pushed off a bridge following a confrontation with escort Liz Smith, who is in love with Gordon. Beryl gives birth a baby son Robert, but he is abducted by Dr. Ross Newman, and a nurse, Gloria; then again later by Leigh. Fiona becomes involved in a bitter battle to have deceased fiancé Barney Adams' secret wartime diaries published, running into opposition from Colonel Bainbridge and his son Chris. The Colonel commits suicide and Chris sets out on a vendetta of revenge against Fiona.
Karen Fox tricks Wayne into marriage after convincing him that he has killed Mitch. Wayne goes missing shortly after, worried that he will face jail for murder and whilst he is away a look-alike arrives and fools everyone into believing he is Wayne. Ian Rawlings plays dual roles as both Wayne Hamilton and Gary Evans. One of the bigger storylines for the season sees a planned redevelopment threaten to destroy Woombai under the direction of the scheming Bill Ashley, although the development is a scam. When Amanda Morrell overhears a conversation that could jeopardise the entire scheme, she goes missing, leaving the Morrell family distraught and Caroline desperate to find her. Caroline begins to get closer to ex-husband Stephen and warns his new love interest Jenny Turner to stay away from him and the two become rivals. The father of Leigh Palmer's baby, Richard Crampton arrives, deciding he wants custody and he hires Neil Duffy to try to buy his son from Leigh. When this fails, Crampton starts terrorising her and hires a hitman, Nick Stafford, to go after Leigh. Crampton ends up dying at Stafford's hands after David has already fired a shot at him. David and Fiona go to Rio in search of Patricia, David having received an amount of money which he believes must have come from her. Following plastic surgery to hide injuries sustained at the hands of a thug who beat her up in Rio de Janeiro, Patricia returns to Australia under a new identity; Alison Carr and she begins to start trying to clear "her friend's" Patricia's name for the murder of Luke Carlyle. Mary Reynolds turns up at Woombai, lost and confused and claiming that Patricia is her mother. She explains that her grandmother told her that her mother is Patricia Hamilton. Her grandmother and grandfather are now both dead, having been murdered. Mary claims that she witnessed the murders while hiding underneath her bed. The murderer turns up at Woombai and starts gunning for Mary. An old will belonging to Gordon's father is discovered, declaring his brother James as the rightful owner of Woombai. It isn't long before James arrives to claim what is his.
End-of-season cliffhanger (Episode 696): It's a dramatic end-of-year final with numerous cliffhangers leaving lives hanging in the balance. David and Beryl look on in horror as an emotionally unbalanced Doris Hudson advances menacingly towards her baby son Robert with a pillow with intentions to smother him. Alison and James are left in peril as they race to stop Wayne from unknowingly marry his half sister Mary but their light aircraft runs out of fuel and following a mayday call it crashes to the ground . Caroline is overpowered and locked in a cupboard at the Hamilton House by Duncan Phipps after a bungled robbery and Irene breaks the news to Fiona that she has cancer.
For many fans, this season is seen as the start of the demise for the series as the focus changed and popular regular characters such as Barbara Hamilton and Irene Fisher were hastily written out of the series. In Cornelia Frances's 2003 autobiography, she states that it was not her decision to leave the series, but that of a producer, Posie Jacobs, who suddenly axed her. Other characters that failed to make it to the end of the season included Leigh Palmer, Tim Palmer, Donna Palmer, Spider Webb, Brett Keegan, Adam Tate, Samantha Morrell, James Hamilton and Mary Reynolds. Consequently, there was an influx of less well-received characters such as Janice Reid, May Walters, Craig Maxwell, Doug Fletcher, Glenn Young, Debbie Halliday, Ginny Doyle and the return of Susan Todd, played now by Oriana Panozzo. Storylines see Samantha Morrell shocked after running into Bill Ashley and discovering new information regarding her missing sister Amanda, but the search that follows ends with devastating news as they discover Amanda died a few months earlier having been forced into a life of drugs and prostitution. Leigh Palmer commits suicide early in the season, outside the court where she is facing sentencing for kidnapping baby Robert—bringing an end to one of the series longest running storylines. Fiona meets her bossy niece Janice for the first time, arriving just as Fiona is to undergo an operation to remove her kidney and together they launch a campaign to save an old mansion house that Fiona once lived in with old friend May Walters. When an angry Caroline starts arguing with Alison whilst she is driving a car crash ensues with Barbara and Gordon's lives left at risk and ultimately leaving Barbara with serious facial scars and Gordon with amnesia believing he is still married to Patricia. Alison uses the situation to her advantage to get Barbara out of Gordon's life for good and Caroline finds herself serving time in prison. Craig Maxwell turns up in Sydney, looking for his mother, Ruby Hawkins, who gave him up when he was a baby, and who happens to be the exact double of Beryl Palmer. Initial misunderstandings are resolved and Craig accepts that Beryl isn't Ruby. Beryl subsequently helps Craig track Ruby down. At this point Leila Hayes plays both the roles of Beryl and Ruby. Ned Parker and Micky Pratt hold Janice, May, Gordon and Neville hostage at the mansion, following Ned's escape from jail. Micky is killed when she walks out into the road without seeing a car heading towards her. As the siege comes to an end, Patricia's fingerprints are discovered on a gun that was used and Alison's real identity is finally revealed. Alison finds a little boy named Tick McCarthy at Fiona's boarding house, and passes him off as Wayne's son. Wayne is told that Tick is his son from a fling with Moya Brinkley, a girl that he had known as a teenager. He and Tick take to each other, and Wayne is angered when Alison tries to stop him from enjoying his son, due to the fact that she had said that he had driven Caroline insane because of Doug Fletcher. A birth certificate shows that Wayne is indeed the father. Susan gets upset about Tick being around, but Wayne makes certain that his son is included in his life.
End-of-season cliffhanger (Episode 868): The season comes to an end with more multiple cliffhangers and lives at risk as Alison is trapped in the study at the Hamilton House with a venomous snake on the loose. A sailing trip on a yacht ends in disaster when both Glen and Tick are wounded, and Wayne, swimming for help, is pursued by a shark. Craig is knocked out by a horse and Caroline is shocked to discover that Doug is already married. Sadly by this point ratings were in decline and the next season would prove to be the last.
Departing characters included original member David Palmer and recent additions Ginny Doyle, Tick McCarthy and Glen Young. New additions include Nick Benson, Greg Hudson and Sarah Hudson, and in an attempt to boost flagging ratings, producers lured back Rowena Wallace, who had previously played Patricia, to play her own twin sister Pamela—a storyline which, ultimately failed to save the series. Caroline discovers that Susan is alive and well despite being presumed dead and she is in hiding from Wayne. When an upset Wayne gets drunk and drives off, Glen and Ginny go after him and a high-speed chase follows which leads to Glen's and Ginny's deaths. Wayne turns everyone against him and when he is shot there are no shortage of suspects. Beryl finds herself behind bars for the shooting, having realised Susan was guilty and so she lied to protect her daughter. While in prison Beryl meets Pamela, a lady who is the spitting image of Patricia. It is soon discovered that Pamela and Patricia are twins, separated at birth. While Patricia lived the good life, Pamela had a much tougher upbringing. Andy learns that he has a baby daughter, Madonna, who is the result of a fling with Jodie Frazer. When Jodie decides that she can't cope with bringing up a baby on her own and dumps Madonna on Janice, Andy steps in and decides to be a proper father to the girl. Gordon goes into business with Bill Sanders, Doug and Alison at Sanders' Air Charter. Just as everything seems to be going well, a plane is sabotaged. The company appears to be falling apart until a mystery company puts up money to keep it going. Gordon discovers to his surprise that it was Wayne who was behind the rescue. Although father and son have been on opposing sides for some time, Gordon remarks that it appears that Wayne might have changed for the better. As he settles with new wife Beryl and her son, Robert in Melbourne, Gordon finds himself content. Nick Benson is a psychiatrist brought in to help Wayne remember who shot him. Nick has a fraught relationship with his brother, Michael. Very much a ladies' man, Nick is attracted to Alison but he also finds himself attracted to sister, Pamela. There ensues a furious struggle between Alison and Pamela, using powerful mind games to try to destroy each other. Nick eventually chooses Pamela over Alison and drives off with her to begin a new life. Doug and Caroline marry, and Caroline is revealed as the author of a book entitled My Sister My Love, based on the lives of the Hamiltons and the Palmers, despite the changes of character names. Doug tries to stop Caroline promoting the book, warning her that they're going to lose all their friends, but Caroline ignores him. She even writes a sequel. Caroline discovers that she's pregnant, but also learns that the baby could be born with Down's Syndrome and she opts to have an abortion, later deciding that she can't go through with it. She doesn't tell Doug that she's pregnant, but instead decides to leave him and start life afresh elsewhere. Doug learns about the pregnancy, though, and he chases after Caroline and tells her that he loves her, and that he wants her to have the baby and that he doesn't care if it's handicapped, wanting them all to be together as a family. Caroline agrees and Doug buys a fish shop in Melbourne! Charlie meets Todd Buckley, a fitness instructor who works at her gym, and there is an instant attraction. The couple quickly announce their engagement, despite attempts by Alison to break them up. Charlie becomes so appalled at Alison's behaviour and schemes that she throws her out, leaving Alison staying in a cheap, run-down motel. Charlie enjoys a fairytale wedding to Todd and prepares to live happily ever after. Sarah Hudson arouses Wayne's interest, and they begin to spend time together. Sarah tries to throw herself at Wayne, but he's wary after all his bad experiences with women. Meanwhile, he puts his plan into action to take everything and everyone away from Alison. With Wayne believing his wife Susan is dead, Alison decides to use Susan to get at Wayne but the plan backfires when Susan is left dead on the lounge floor at Dural, having apparently been strangled by Wayne. Realising that he's finally gone too far, he turns to the telephone and makes a call. He asks for the police. Alison faces bankruptcy but is reunited with David. The show ends in a similar vein to how it began. At Fiona's mansion boarding house, a young couple arrive, and ask for a room. The young woman is heavily pregnant. Fiona takes them in, just as she had with David and Patricia all those years ago. The woman gives birth to twins, a boy and a girl and the story seems to have finally come full circle. The final episode ends with a montage of many cast members, both past and present.
|Season||Original broadcast (ATN7, Australia)||No. of episodes|
|Season premiere||Season finale|
|1||18 January 1982||11 November 1982||174||1–174|
|2||17 January 1983||TBA||178||175–352|
|3||16 January 1984||TBA||176||353–528|
|5||13 January 1986||TBA||172||697–868|
|6||TBA||27 December 1987||104||869–972|
- Ordered by family
- Gordon Hamilton (Brian Blain) First appeared episode 3 ~ 1982–1987
- Patricia Hamilton / Morrell / Palmer (Rowena Wallace) First appeared episode 2 ~ 1982–1985
- Angela Hamilton / Keegan (Ally Fowler) First appeared episode 2 ~ 1982–1983, 1984
- Wayne Hamilton (Ian Rawlings) First appeared episode 3 ~ 1982–1987
- James Hamilton (Nick Tate) First appeared episode 671 ~ 1985–1986
- Karen Fox / Hamilton (Lyndel Rowe) First appeared episode 461 ~ 1984–1985
- Beryl Palmer / Hamilton (Leila Hayes) First appeared episode 1 ~ 1982–1987
- David Palmer (Tom Richards) First appeared episode 1 ~ 1982–1986, 1987
- Susan Palmer / Todd / Hamilton (Ann Henderson Stires / Oriana Panozzo) First appeared episode 1 ~ 1982–1983
- Kevin Palmer (Stephen Comey) First appeared episode 1 ~ 1982–1984
- John Palmer (Peter Phelps) First appeared episode 1 ~ 1982–1984
- Lynn Hardy / Palmer (Antonia Murphy) First appeared episode 5 ~ 1982–1984
- Doug Palmer (Syd Conabere) First appeared episode 10 ~ 1982 1983–1984
- Rosie Andrews / Palmer (Anne Haddy) First appeared episode 30 ~ 1982, 1983–1984, 1985
- Margaret Dunne (Ilona Rodgers) First appeared episode 181 ~ 1983
- Leigh Palmer (Lisa Crittenden) First appeared episode 534 ~ 1984–1985
- Tim Palmer (Robert Mammone) First appeared episode 563 ~ 1985–1986
- Shane Palmer (Andrew Downie) First appeared episode 563 ~ 1985–1986
- Donna Jackson / Palmer (Simone Buchanan) First appeared episode 646 ~ 1985–1986
- Caroline Morrell / Fletcher (Abigail) First appeared episode 554 ~ 1985–1987
- Amanda Morrell (Alyce Platt) First appeared episode 286 ~ 1983–1985
- Samantha Morrell (Sally Tayler) First appeared episode 587 ~ 1985–1986
- Stephen Morrell (Michael Long) First appeared episode 267 ~ 1983–1984, 1985
- Dee Morrell (Mary Ward) First appeared episode 305 ~1983
- Jenny Turner / Morrell (Joanna Lockwood) First appeared episode 572 ~ 1985
- Barbara Armstrong / Hamilton (Cornelia Frances) First appeared episode 13 ~ 1982–1986
- Prue Armstrong (Gaynor Martin) First appeared episode 62 ~ 1982
- Roland Armstrong (Tony Ward) First appeared episode 588 ~ 1985
- Wendy Armstrong (Kathleen Brinson) First appeared episode 183 ~ 1983
- Mrs Armstrong Snr. (Jeanne Smith) First appeared episode 271 ~ 1983
- Simon Armstrong (Paul Wade / Paul Goddard) First appeared episode 13 1982–1985
- Mike O'Brien (Ken James) First appeared episode 385 ~ 1984–1985
- Heather O'Brien (Rona Coleman) First appeared episode 385 ~ 1984–1985
- Katie O'Brien (Jane Seaborn) First appeared episode 385 ~ 1984–1985
- Jeff O'Brien (Craig Morrison) First appeared episode 385 ~ 1984
- Jim O'Brien (Sean Scully) First appeared episode 401 ~ 1984–1985
Other leading primary castEdit
- Fiona Thompson (Pat McDonald) First appeared episode 1
- Jill Taylor / O'Donnell (Kim Lewis) First appeared episode 3
- Charlie Bartlett (Sarah Kemp) First appeared episode 43
- Irene Fisher (Judy Nunn) First appeared episode 422
- Alison Carr (Belinda Giblin) First appeared episode 630
- Craig Maxwell (Jared Robinson) First appeared episode 731
- Doug Fletcher (Normie Rowe) First appeared episode 734
- Glen Young (Mark Conroy) First appeared episode 735
|Doug Palmer||Rosie Palmer|
|Martin Healy||Patricia Hamilton||David Palmer||Beryl Palmer||Frannie Henderson||Ray Palmer|
|John Palmer||Rob Keegan||Angela Hamilton||Tim Palmer|
|Bill Todd||Susan Palmer||Wayne Hamilton||Leigh Palmer||Richard Crampton|
|Lynn Hardy||Kevin Palmer||Shane Palmer|
|Nancy Andrews||Gordon Hamilton||Patricia Dunne||Martin Healy||James Hamilton|
|Amanda Morrell||Wayne Hamilton||Mary Reynolds (marriage annulled)|
|Karen Fox||Susan Palmer||John Palmer||Angela Hamilton||Rob Keegan|
|Bob Keegan||Aileen Keegan|
|?||?||Rob Keegan||Angela Hamilton||Gordon Hamilton||Beryl Keegan||David Palmer|
|Bill Todd||Susan Palmer||Wayne Hamilton||Kevin Palmer||Lynn Hardy||Robert Palmer|
Seven Network aired the first episode as a 90-minute special in January 1982, during the Christmas/New Year non-ratings period, and the date of the final episode varied across Australia. There are 972 half-hour episodes, although during the series' original run, later episodes were shown in an hour-long format. No figures are available for how many of these longer episodes made up the show's run. The series was broadcast on the Seven Network, initially four days a week for half an hour at 19:00, but in later years, in two one-hour shows per week, and finally in one hour-long show per week, although this varied in different parts of Australia. Sons and Daughters became the highest-rated programme in its slot, and was the most watched Australian soap of the 1980s. The series eventually began to suffer from declining ratings, and was ultimately cancelled. During the 1990s the programme was repeated throughout Australia, usually in early-morning and daytime slots.
Seven Network began another re-run in October 2006, airing weekdays at 10:00. This was discontinued in early 2007, then resumed in July 2008, airing on Wednesday nights, usually around midnight. As of October 2013, episodes air Tuesday and Thursday mornings at 3:30am. Episode 461 aired on 8 October 2013.
7TWO began repeating the show on 2 November 2009, airing weekday mornings at 9:30am. The final episode 972 aired on 9 October 2013.
Shown by TROS television, but only at the rate of one or two episodes per week. The series returned to Dutch TV in the mid-1990s, when it was shown on RTL 4 at 10:30am, but the re-run was short-lived.
Starting in 1987, Zonen en Dochters was shown weekdays from 19:00 to 19:30 on BRTN1; this episode was then repeated the following afternoon at around 16:00, with the run ending in 1990. The serial was a huge success in Belgium.
The series has aired more than once in Ireland, on RTÉ One, where it went out in a mid-afternoon slot.
ITV began un-networked broadcasts of Sons and Daughters in 1983, meaning different ITV regions were free to show the series as and when they wished. The series was usually shown at 3:30pm on varying days, but some regions, such as TVS and Granada, initially chose early evening timeslots of 5:15pm and 6pm, respectively, before moving the series to daytime. During the mid-1980s, Sons and Daughters achieved consolidated viewing figures of 5 million across the ITV network.
- Central region screened the first episode on Sunday 6 February 1983 as a 90-minute special at 2:30pm, and then continued Wednesday to Friday at 3:30pm, running five times a week from 1987, and later four episodes per week, Tuesday to Friday, ending on Tuesday 13 December 1988.
- Yorkshire region screened episode one on Monday 11 July 1983 (2:45pm to 4pm) and continued Monday and Friday, 3:30pm, then five times a week from September. From 1984, the series aired Wednesday to Friday until five episodes a week were reinstated in 1988. The final episode was shown on Friday 10 March 1989.
- Granada region began on Monday 5 September 1983 at 6pm. The series aired Monday and Friday at 6pm, but the Friday episode was dropped from November 1983. In January 1985 aired on Friday only, then moved to Monday and Tuesday at 3:30pm in September 1985; Wednesday episode introduced in April 1991; Thursday episode introduced by 1992. From September 1993, three episodes a week aired Wednesday to Friday at 2:40pm and the series ended on Thursday 28 April 1994
- TVS began Wednesday 19 October 1983 at 3:20pm and shown initially Wednesday to Friday. In September 1984, moved to Monday and Tuesday at 5:15pm. From September 1987 changed back to 3:30pm slot and ended on Monday 27 April 1992.
- TSW began Monday 14 November 1983 at 3:30pm and was shown on Monday, Wednesday and Friday at 3:30pm. Changed to Wednesday to Friday in January 1984 and Tuesday to Thursday in September 1984. Started running Monday to Friday from 17 October 1988 and ended on Tuesday 19 September 1989.
- Thames, Anglia and Tyne Tees all began the series on Tuesday 15 November 1983, showing Tuesday to Friday at 3:30pm. Friday episodes dropped for a while in 1984 but then reinstated. From September 1984, shown Wednesday to Friday; ran three times a week until October 1989, then twice-weekly; finished on Thursday 5 July 1990.
- Scottish Television began the series on Tuesday 3 April 1984 at 2pm. Originally broadcasting three times a week, it was reduced to once a week on 3 July at 2:30pm before going twice a week from 3 September 1984 until September 1993 at 3:30pm. From October 1993, it was broadcast only on Thursdays, before switching to Sunday mornings in January 1994. After 30 January, the series was dropped but returned in July on Tuesdays at 2:50pm. This lasted until 30 August, and the series reappeared on Saturday afternoons from 24 September until 17 December 1994. From 5 January 1995, Sons and Daughters was broadcast weekly on late Wednesday nights, finally finishing on the night of 26 July 1995 in a double bill at 2:30am.
- Grampian Television began Tuesday 22 May 1984 at 3:30pm; shown once a week until September, when a regular time slot of 3:30pm on Wednesday to Friday was adopted; was later screened twice a week; ended on Wednesday 22 May 1991.
- HTV began on Wednesday 11 July 1984 at 3:30pm, shown Wednesday to Friday on a regular basis; ended on Thursday 16 May 1991.
- Border began 1 July 1985 (2:45 to 4pm); screened twice a week until November 1993. Border joined up with the Granada stage of the series from this date and therefore had to skip 81 episodes 827–907. The series finished on 28 April 1994.
- UTV was the last ITV region to pick up the series, beginning on Monday 7 April 1986 at 3:30pm; aired twice-weekly but then increased to five times a week; ended on Wednesday 14 October 1992.
- Sons and Daughters has also had three repeat runs on other TV channels in the UK. First, from 30 January 1987, it was shown twice daily at 8am and 12:30pm on Superchannel; the channel was originated by all but one of the ITV network of companies and was initially launched as a 'Best of British' channel which could be seen across Europe, but the re-runs ended in 1989 after the channel was sold.
- The whole series was aired on UK Gold from 1 November 1992 to 23 July 1996 at 8am and repeated at 12 noon.
- Finally, Channel 5 also aired the entire series. Episodes 1 to 212 were shown on Channel 5 at 1:30pm Monday to Friday between 2 March and 24 December 1998, after which time it was dropped for a while. It did, however, return to Channel 5 in January 2002 (from episode 213) in a late-night slot at around 4am every Friday and Saturday night where two episodes were shown back-to-back until they reached the end of the series on 6 November 2005. The series gained a new level of UK fans in this early morning slot as the Aussie cult classic Prisoner: Cell Block H had previously aired in the same time slot and when that ended, Sons and Daughters replaced it a few months later.
FremantleMedia has announced they have no intention of releasing the entire series on DVD.
As of July 2019 it is unknown if Umbrella Entertainment will release any more DVD sets of the show.
|Title||Format||Ep #||Discs||Region 4 (Australia)||Special Features||Distributors|
|Sons and Daughters –
The Best of Pat The Rat
|DVD||17 Selected Episodes||02||9 October 2006||Audio commentary on Episode 693 by Tom Richards (David Palmer) and Belinda Giblin (Alison Carr)
Both full-length versions of the Sons and Daughters theme
|The Sons and Daughters Interviews||DVD||Feature Documentary||01||August 2007||N/A||Video Solutions|
|Sons and Daughters – The Classic Cliffhangers Collection||DVD||12 Selected Episodes||02||4th February 2008||
Sons and Daughters: Cast albumEdit
In the early 1980s when Australia's Seven Network was broadcasting both Sons and Daughters and A Country Practice, it decided to cash in on the shows' success, and provide the shows with some publicity, by producing and releasing a cast album. The album was called All My Friends, and featured the cast of Sons and Daughters on the A-side and the cast of A Country Practice on the B-side.
- "Sons and Daughters Theme"
- "Some Kind of Friend" (Ian Rawlings)
- "Bosom Buddies" (Pat McDonald and Rowena Wallace)
- "The More I See You" (Peter Phelps and Kim Lewis)
- "Behind Closed Doors" (Tom Richards and Leila Hayes)
- "Sometimes When We Touch" (Stephen Comey)
- "Help Me Make It Through the Night" (Leila Hayes)
- "Friends" (Rowena Wallace)
Available at (National Film and Sound Archives)Edit
|Season Title||Episodes||NFSA Content||Available For Viewing|
|Sons and Daughters Season 01||Multiple Content is available|
|Sons and Daughters Season 02||Multiple Content is available|
|Sons and Daughters Season 03||Multiple Content is available|
|Sons and Daughters Season 04||Multiple Content is available|
|Sons and Daughters Season 05||Multiple Content is available|
|Sons and Daughters Season 06||Multiple Content is available|
The series has inspired seven remakes produced under license from the original producers and based, initially, on the original story and character outlines. These are Verbotene Liebe (Germany, 1995–2015); Skilda världar (Sweden, 1996–2002); Apagorevmeni agapi (Greece, 1998); Cuori Rubati (Italy, 2002–2003) Zabranjena ljubav (Croatia, 2004–2008), Zabranena lubov (Bulgaria, 2008–) and Belahan Hati (Indonesia, 2001–2002).
- Series review with cast interviews and documentary information
- DVD of interviews with cast members presented and produced by Tom Richards, who played David Palmer
- Aussie Soap Archive: Sons and Daughters — Overview and review
- Sons and Daughters on IMDb
- Sons and Daughters at the National Film and Sound Archive
- on YouTube