TVNZ 2 (Māori: Te Reo Tātaki Rua) is the second New Zealand television channel owned and operated by the state-owned broadcaster Television New Zealand (TVNZ). It targets a younger audience than its sister channel, TVNZ 1. TVNZ 2's line up consists of dramas, comedies, and reality TV shows. A small number are produced in New Zealand which are either of a comedic, soap opera or reality nature, with rest of the line-up taken from international catalogues.

Te Reo Tātaki Rua
Current logo used since 2016
CountryNew Zealand
Broadcast areaNational
Picture format1080i (HDTV)
Timeshift serviceTVNZ 2+1
Sister channelsTVNZ 1
Launched30 June 1975; 48 years ago (1975-06-30)
Former namesTV2 (1975–1976, 1995–2016)
South Pacific Television (1976–1980)
Television Two (1980–1982)
Television 2 (1982–1987)
Network Two (1987–1989)
Channel 2 (1989–1995)
WebcastWatch live (NZ only)
DVB 64-QAM on band IV

TVNZ 2 is New Zealand's second-oldest television channel, formed in 1975 following the break-up of the New Zealand Broadcasting Corporation into Radio New Zealand, Television One and Television Two. It began broadcasting on 30 June 1975, and for most of the 1970s was known as South Pacific Television. In 1980, it became a part of TVNZ when South Pacific Television and Television One merged, and reverted to the name TV2. The channel was renamed TVNZ 2 in October 2016.[1]

The channel is broadcast on the government owned Kordia terrestrial network as well as on one of the two Kordia satellite transponders, which is included in channel packages on the Freeview and Sky platforms. Sky also make the channel available on one of their own satellite transponders.

History edit

A former logo, used until 30 September 2016.

1975-1980: TV2 South Pacific Television edit

TV2 was formed following the dissolution of the New Zealand Broadcasting Corporation on 1 April 1975, with the corporation splitting into Radio New Zealand and two television channels: Television One and Television Two. Whereas Television One took over WNTV1 in Wellington and DNTV2 in Dunedin as well as the existing channel frequencies, Television Two took over AKTV2 in Auckland and CHTV3 in Christchurch, broadcasting on channel 4 in Auckland and channel 8 in Christchurch.

TV2 began broadcasting in Auckland at 1 pm on Monday 30 June 1975. Broadcasting began in Christchurch five hours later at 6 pm, due to extra time being needed to fix an aerial fault at the city's Sugarloaf transmitter.[2] The opening weekend saw the country's first telethon, raising over $485,000 for the St John Ambulance Service.[3]

As there was only one national link at the time, and Television One had priority, TV2 used the link overnight to feed the next day's programmes between Auckland and Christchurch so they could be broadcast simultaneously. During its first year, TV2 introduced the Goodnight Kiwi cartoon for its closedown, although it was not until 1980 that it assumed its most recognised form.

TV2 began broadcasting in the Waikato on 1 September 1975. TV2 began broadcasting in Wellington on 24 November 1975, after the city's infamous winds hampered aerial installation at the Mount Kaukau transmitter.[4][5] Coverage was extended to Dunedin and Invercargill on 28 June 1976.[6]

The channel had branded itself as "TV2 South Pacific Television" since its launch.[7] In 1976, it dropped the TV2 moniker and was renamed simply South Pacific Television. This also reduced confusion in Auckland and Dunedin where Television One broadcast on channel 2 (TV2 broadcast on channel 4 in both centres).[8] Along with Television One and Radio New Zealand, South Pacific Television became part of the Broadcasting Corporation of New Zealand (BCNZ) in 1977.

In February 1979, the National Government announced it would the amalgamate Television One and South Pacific Television under an single administration.[9] South Pacific Television closed down for the last time at 12:15 am on 16 February 1980, after airing a two-hour farewell special.[10]

1980-present: Television New Zealand edit

Television Two relaunched at 12:00 noon on 16 February 1980 under the administration of Television New Zealand, with the promise of 'complementary programming'.[11][12] In 1981, tenders were called for the supply of programmes for TV2's morning slot. The following year Northern Television began producing programmes as the first private enterprise TV broadcaster in the country. In 1983 Northern TV was forced to close due to high costs and low advertising revenue.

The National government debated selling off TV2 to a private enterprise in 1983, but this did not happen. In 1987, Television New Zealand started to move away from complementary programming, with TV2 emphasising entertainment while TV One would emphasise information-based programming.[13]

By mid-1987, TV2 was rebranded as "Network Two", and in 1989 was rebranded as "Channel 2". In January 1992, Channel 2 introduced 24-hour television overnight which lasted three months. It went back to a nightly closedown but 24-hour programming was reintroduced by mid-1993, initially on Fridays and Saturdays. By mid-1994, 24-hour programming on Channel 2 was extended to Thursdays to Sundays, and on 19 October 1994, Channel 2 began broadcasting non-stop, 24 hours a day. In 1995, Channel 2 reverted to its old name, TV2.

On 22 September 2007, TV2 went into 16:9 widescreen on Freeview 24 hours a day.

On 2 September 2010, TV2 changed from broadcasting in 720p high definition to 1080i.[citation needed]

On New Year's Day 2012, TV2 introduced a new look graphics package with a new theme song for the network. At the same time, the TV2 digital on-screen graphic logo moved from the top right hand corner of the screen to the bottom right hand corner of the screen, for the first time since 2003.

From 19 August 2013, TV2 reacquired broadcast rights for Home and Away, after outbidding TV3.[14]

On 1 October 2016, the channel was renamed TVNZ 2.

Programming edit

Long-running TVNZ 2 programmes include children's show What Now (since 1981; on TVNZ 2 since 1989) and soap opera Shortland Street (since 1992).

TVNZ 2+1 edit

TVNZ 2+1
Broadcast areaNational
Picture format576i (SDTV)
OwnerTelevision New Zealand
Launched1 September 2013
ReplacedTVNZ U
Former namesTV2+1 (2013–2016)
A former logo, used until October 2016.

TVNZ 2+1 was launched to Freeview and Sky customers on 1 September 2013 as TV2+1. It is a channel with a one-hour time shift of the Auckland TVNZ 2 feed. The channel is available on Channel 7 on Freeview and 502 on Sky. This channel replaced U, which was an interactive youth-orientated channel. When the channel was launched, TV One Plus 1 (now TVNZ 1+1) moved to Channel 6 on Freeview, while TV2+1 took over Channel 7. It was rebranded as TVNZ 2+1 on 1 October 2016.

Home Learning TV edit

Home Learning TV was launched on 15 April 2020, and broadcast on the channel from 9 am to 3 pm on weekdays instead of a timeshift of TVNZ 2. From 12 June, it was shifted to TVNZ 2, broadcasting from 8:15 am to 9 am on weekdays. It was part of the government's efforts to encourage continued educational engagement during the nationwide lockdown that had closed all New Zealand schools. The content was hosted by various New Zealand educators.

References edit

  1. ^ "So long TV One, TVNZ announces new channel names". New Zealand Herald. 29 September 2016.
  2. ^ "Bright new TV2 —and chance to twiddle knobs". The Press. 1 July 1975. p. 1.
  3. ^ "Telethon dragged in far more than target figure". The Press. 7 July 1975. p. 1.
  4. ^ "TV2 struggling for full competition". The Press. 28 August 1975. p. 4.
  5. ^ "TV2 soon in Wellington". The Press. 1 November 1975. p. 16.
  6. ^ "Coverage by TV2". The Press. 7 August 1976. p. 11.
  7. ^ "TV2 South Pacific Television advertisement". The Press. 1 July 1975. p. 21.
  8. ^ "TV2 likes 'South Pacific'". The Press. 19 August 1976. p. 11.
  9. ^ "Reorganised TV to 'cut duplication'". The Press. 15 February 1979. p. 1.
  10. ^ "Farewell to SPTV". The Press. 15 February 1980. p. 11.
  11. ^ "From today, it's Television New Zealand". The Press. 16 February 1980. p. 12.
  12. ^ "Television and Radio". The Press. 16 February 1980. p. 13.
  13. ^ Baker, Margaret (5 February 1987). "Children 'lose' in TV programming change". The Press. p. 7.
  14. ^ "TVNZ announces when Home and Away will air". ONE News. Archived from the original on 15 July 2013.

External links edit