Bowen Charlton "Sonny" Tufts III (July 16, 1911 – June 4, 1970) was an American stage, film, and television actor and opera singer. He is best known for the films he made as a contract star at Paramount in the 1940s, including So Proudly We Hail!. He also starred in the cult classic Cat Women on the Moon.
Tufts ca. 1955
Bowen Charlton Tufts III
July 16, 1911
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Died||June 4, 1970 (aged 58)|
Santa Monica, California, U.S.
|Resting place||Munroe Cemetery|
|Education||Phillips Exeter Academy|
|Alma mater||Yale University|
|Occupation||Actor, opera singer|
(m. 1938; div. 1953)
|Relatives||Charles Tufts (great uncle)|
Early life and familyEdit
Bowen Charlton Tufts III (some sources give "Charleston") (nicknamed "Sonny") was born in Boston into a prominent banking family. The Tufts family patriarch, Peter Tufts, sailed to America from Wilby, Norfolk, England in 1638. His granduncle was businessman and philanthropist Charles Tufts, for whom Tufts University is named.
Tufts attended the Phillips Exeter Academy and later broke with the family banking tradition by not doing business at Harvard but by studying opera at Yale University, where he was an editor of campus humor magazine The Yale Record. He was a member of the Skull and Bones society and played for the Yale football team. Tufts also performed in a musical group, the Whiffenpoofs, and toured with the group in Europe.
After graduating from Yale in 1935, Tufts auditioned with the Metropolitan Opera in New York City but eventually worked on the Broadway stage. He appeared in the stage show Who's Who and Sing for Your Supper (1939). Tufts then began singing in hotels and nightclubs.
A Yale classmate of Tufts' later convinced him to move to Hollywood to begin a career as an actor. Upon arriving in Hollywood, Tufts' friend, hotel manager Jack Donnelly, accompanied Tufts to Paramount Pictures and introduced him to a casting director Joe Egli. Egli shot a screen test with Tufts who was then signed to Paramount.
His first role was as Kansas, an affable Marine and love interest of Paulette Goddard in the 1943 World War II romantic drama So Proudly We Hail!. The film was a critical and box office hit, largely due to the three female leads: Claudette Colbert, Paulette Goddard and Veronica Lake. Tufts' performance was praised by critics and the role served as a launching pad for Tufts' career. After the release of the film, Tufts received 1700 fan letters a week and was named "The Find of 1943."
Due to an old college football injury, Tufts was one of the few male actors not serving overseas in the war. He was borrowed by RKO who were looking for a leading man to support Olivia de Havilland in the comedy Government Girl (1944); Paramount got Maureen O'Hara in exchange. (This meant he had to drop out of Standing Room Only; he was replaced by Fred MacMurray.) The film was a huge hit and Tufts was voted the number one "Star of Tomorrow" by exhibitors for 1944.
Before filming of So Proudly We Hail! was complete, director Mark Sandrich commissioned So Proudly's screenwriter Allan Scott to write a vehicle for Tufts and his co-star Paulette Goddard. That film, entitled I Love a Soldier (1944) was a mild hit.
Tufts made another musical comedy Bring On the Girls (1945) with Eddie Bracken and Veronica Lake, replacing Dick Powell. Tufts sang several songs but the film was a box office disappointment. He made a cameo along with most Paramount stars in Duffy's Tavern (1945), singing "Swinging on a Star".
Paramount tried him in a Western The Virginian (1946), though it was in a supporting role. He was reunited with De Havilland in The Well-Groomed Bride (1946), replacing Dennis O'Keefe but she wound up with Ray Milland at the end of the film. However, Paramount did give Tufts the star part in Swell Guy (1946) opposite Ann Blyth. He also got to co star opposite Betty Hutton in Cross My Heart (1946).
Tufts was the romantic male lead in Easy Come, Easy Go (1947) a Barry Fitzgerald vehicle. It was directed by John Farrow who also used Tufts in Blaze of Noon (1947) playing one of four brothers who fly. After a cameo in Variety Girl (1947) Tufts left Paramount.
He starred in a Western, The Untamed Breed (1948). He was in a thriller with John Payne, The Crooked Way (1949) where he played a villain. He was Victor Mature's friend in Easy Living (1949) at RKO. He was arrested for public drunkenness in 1950 and 1951.
By the early 1950s, Tufts' popularity began to wane and his career began to decline. He separated from his wife in 1951 and she divorced him in 1952 saying his drinking had become "intolerable". He was unemployed for a year until he received an offer from Britain to make The Gift Horse (1952) with Richard Attenborough.
In 1953, Tufts was cast opposite Barbara Payton in the low budget comedy film Run for the Hills. Later that year, he was No Escape (1953) and starred in another low budget film, Cat-Women of the Moon (1953) which became a cult classic. He had the lead in the low budget Serpent Island (1954).
Tufts' career decline was compounded by his alcoholism and his off-screen antics. In March 1954, a stripper named Barbara Gray Atkins sued Tufts for $25,000 in damages after she claimed he bit her left thigh while he and two friends were visiting her home. Atkins later dropped the lawsuit against Tufts.
In April 1954, a 19-year-old dancer named Margarie Von accused Tufts of biting her on the right thigh while she was relaxing aboard a yacht docked off the coast of Balboa Peninsula, Newport Beach. Von sued Tufts for $26,000 claiming the bite left a three-inch scar. Von later settled for $600. In August 1955 there was a third complaint against Tufts when Adrienne Fromann claimed the actor beat and bruised her at a restaurant. She demanded $20,000 in damages.
"He drinks too much and lives too lavishly", said his ex-wife Barbara.
Tufts' career briefly rebounded when he was cast in a small role in the comedy The Seven Year Itch (1955), starring Tom Ewell and Marilyn Monroe. In 1956, Tufts had a supporting role in drama Come Next Spring for Republic Pictures. He was in "A Tale of Two Citizens" for Damon Runyon Theatre (1956). After filming The Parson and the Outlaw in 1957, and being arrested for public drunkenness again Tufts retreated to a ranch in Texas.
In 1938, Tufts married Spanish dancer Barbara Dare. They separated in 1949, and Dare filed for divorce in 1951, citing Tufts' excessive drinking as the reason for the breakup of their marriage. Dare was granted an interlocutory divorce on October 21, 1951 which was finalized the following year.
On June 4, 1970, Tufts died of pneumonia at age 58 at St. John's Hospital in Santa Monica, California. Tufts' private funeral was held on June 7 in Beverly Hills after which he was buried in Munroe Cemetery in Lexington, Massachusetts.
In popular cultureEdit
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In a non sequitur on the cartoon show Rocky and His Friends, in the Jet Fuel Formula story arc, Bullwinkle J. Moose becomes very upset when Boris Badenov steals his autographed picture of Sonny Tufts. Tufts is mentioned in the last sentence of the third sketch of the 48th show of the second season of the Rocky and Bullwinkle Show, first aired on May 13, 1961.
In an episode of The Dick Van Dyke Show, Rob sees a flying saucer that makes a noise "Uhny Uftz", which Rob mis-hears as "Sonny Tufts"
In an episode of My Mother the Car titled "And Leave the Drive-In to Us", Mother wants to go to a drive-in to see Sonny Tufts for her birthday; Tufts himself makes an appearance at the end of the episode.
In the November 26, 1966 episode of The Monkees, "I've Got a Little Song Here", Micky Dolenz, posing as a Hollywood studio head, says he's making a blockbuster movie, starring, "... Gregory Peck, Elizabeth Taylor, Doris Day, and Sonny Tufts." To which the other person exclaims incredulously, "Sonny T---?? What a production!".
Tufts is the subject of an urban legend, that he had been selected to host a well-known radio show as a last-minute replacement for a better known celebrity. The week before Tufts' episode was scheduled, the previous host introduced him with a combination of surprise and outrage, shocked that a relatively unknown actor would succeed him as host. There is no evidence, however, that such an incident occurred. Tufts himself parodied this legend in frequent appearances on Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In: seated in a director's chair with his name printed on it, he would turn around to face the camera and utter a word or phrase relevant to the previous bit, in mock contempt.
The lyrics of "Monk's Aria from Hansel and Gretel and Ted and Alice", by professor Peter Schickele's character P.D.Q. Bach, at one point reference "Mea culpa kyrie elei-Sonny Tufts et Allah in Pompeii".
Tufts' reputation as a bad actor was such that he received his own category of, and a chapter in The Golden Turkey Awards, "Worst Performance by Sonny Tufts: Government Girl".
|1943||So Proudly We Hail!||Kansas|
|1944||Government Girl||E.H. 'Ed' Browne|
|1944||I Love a Soldier||Dan Kilgore|
|1944||Here Come the Waves||Windy "Pinetop" Windhurst|
|1945||Bring on the Girls||Phil North|
|1945||Duffy's Tavern||Sonny Tufts||Cameo role|
|1945||Miss Susie Slagle's||Pug Prentiss|
|1946||The Virginian||Steve Andrews|
|1946||The Well-Groomed Bride||Lt. Torchy McNeil|
|1946||Swell Guy||Jim Duncan|
|1946||Cross My Heart||Oliver Clarke|
|1947||Easy Come, Easy Go||Kevin O'Connor|
|1947||Blaze of Noon||Roland McDonald|
|1947||Variety Girl||Sonny Tufts|
|1948||The Untamed Breed||Tom Kilpatrick|
|1949||The Crooked Way||Vince Alexander|
|1949||Easy Living||Tim "Pappy" McCarr|
|1953||Glory at Sea||Ordinary Seaman 'Yank' Flanagan||Alternative title: Gift Horse|
|1953||Run for the Hills||Charlie Johnson|
|1953||No Escape||Det. Simon Shayne||Alternative title: City on a Hunt|
|1953||Cat-Women of the Moon||Laird Grainger|
|1954||Serpent Island||Pete Mason|
|1955||The Seven Year Itch||Tom MacKenzie|
|1956||Come Next Spring||Leroy Hightower|
|1957||The Parson and the Outlaw||Jack Slade||Alternative titles: The Killer and 21 Men|
Return of the Outlaw
|1967||Cottonpickin' Chickenpickers||Cousin Urie|
|1955||Damon Runyon Theater||Sam||Episode: "A Tale of Two Citizens"|
|1963||The Virginian||Frank Trampas||Episode: "Ride a Dark Trail"|
|1964||Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre||Monk||Episode: "Have Girls, Will Travel"|
|1965||The Loner||Barney Windom||Segment: "The Ordeal of Bud Windom"|
|1965||My Mother The Car||Himself||Episode: "And Leave The Drive-In to Us"|
|1968||Land's End||Hal||Television movie|
|1968||Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In||Himself||Various Episodes|
- "Sonny Tufts". Chicago Sunday Tribune. 12 January 1947. p. 14.
- Joseph F. Clarke (1977). Pseudonyms. BCA. p. 156.
- Lamparski, Richard (1968). Whatever Became Of--?: Second Series. Crown Publishers. p. 146.
- "Sonny Tufts, Boston And Yale Scion, Makes Good In Movies". Miami Daily News. July 7, 1943. p. 21.
- Graham, Sheliah. "Sonny Tufts, Boston and Yale Scion, Makes Good In Movies". The Miami News. pp. 7–C. Retrieved June 1, 2014.
- Nixon, Rob. "So Proudly We Hail!". tcm.com. Retrieved June 1, 2014.
- "Sonny Tufts Sets Hollywood Record". Lewiston Evening Journal. December 8, 1944. pp. A–5. Retrieved June 1, 2014.
- Thomas, Bob (November 28, 1979). "And Whatever Happened To Sonny Tufts Anyway?". Toledo Blade. p. P–2. Retrieved June 1, 2014.
- SCREEN NEWS AND IN HOLLYWOOD. (1943, Jun 09). New York Times
- "Saga of the High Seas". The Mercury. Hobart, Tasmania. November 11, 1944. p. 9. Retrieved April 24, 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
- Hopper, H. (1944, Oct 01). Back Bay backslider crashes films; Joe Pasternak reveals his secret. Los Angeles Times
- SCREEN NEWS HERE AND IN HOLLYWOOD. (1943, Nov 20). New York Times
- Sonny Tufts is added to 'well-groomed bride'. (1944, Dec 22). New York Times
- By, E. J. (1947, Jan 19). Turning a spotlight on little known facets of Sonny Tufts' career. New York Times
- Sonny Tufts booked as drunk. (1950, Apr 26). New York Times
- Sonny Tufts and Hawaiian actress seized as drunk. (1951, Jun 01). Los Angeles Times
- Sonny Tufts' wife testifies in divorce suit. (1952, Sep 18). Los Angeles Times
- Maintenance suit hits at Sonny Tufts. (1951, May 30). Los Angeles Times
- "Tufts Puts "The Bite" On Stripper". The Miami News. March 31, 1954. p. 7–B. Retrieved June 1, 2014.
- "Dancer's Biting Claim Settled For $600". Reading Eagle. January 8, 1955. p. 8. Retrieved June 1, 2014.
- Sonny Tufts bit her, dancer says in suit. (1954, Mar 31). Los Angeles Times
- Dancer drops suit over bite by Sonny Tufts. (1954, Apr 22). Los Angeles Times
- Sonny Tufts bit her, says second dancer. (1954, Apr 21). Los Angeles Times
- Woman names Sonny Tufts in battery suit. (1955, Aug 05). Los Angeles Times
- "Stardom During War With His First Movie, 'So Proudly We Hail!' SONNY TUFTS" Rawitch, Robert. Los Angeles Times 6 June 1970: a1.
- "SONNY TUFTS TAKES A FALL; HELD AS DRUNK." (1957, Sep 03). Chicago Daily Tribune
- "Absent 3 Years, Sonny Tufts Back in Films" Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune; 12 Oct 1962: b14.
- "'High Noon'? No---Sundown" Los Angeles Times 11 Oct 1964: A3.
- Lamparski 1968 p.147
- "Divorce Due For Actor". Eugene Register-Guard. September 17, 1952. p. 8–G. Retrieved June 1, 2014.
- "Sonny Tufts, Noted Actor, Dead at 58". The Telegraph. June 6, 1970. p. 3. Retrieved June 1, 2014.
- "Sonny Tufts' Rites". Lodi News-Sentinel. June 8, 1960. p. 1. Retrieved June 1, 2014.
- "Sonny Tufts?". snopes.com. March 16, 2010. Retrieved June 1, 2014.
- Monk's Aria from Hansel and Gretel and Ted and Alice by P.D.Q. Bach