Sokółka (pronounced [sɔˈkuu̯ka]; Lithuanian: Sokulka, Sakalinė, Belarusian: Саку́лка) is a town in Podlaskie Voivodeship in northeastern Poland. It is a busy rail junction located on the international Warsaw–Białystok–Grodno line, with additional connections which go to Suwałki and the Lithuanian border. The area has a Tatar minority.
|• Total||18.61 km2 (7.19 sq mi)|
|• Total||18 974|
The town was in Białystok Voivodeship from 1975 to 1998.
King Sigismund III Vasa confirmed the status of the town in 1609. The town's layout with its central square is attributed to architect Antoni Tyzenhauz. The Catholic church in a neoclassical style was erected there in 1848. Points of interest include St. Alexander Newski's Orthodox Church from 1830.
During occupation of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, Sokółka was the location of Sokółka Ghetto for the imprisonment of Polish Jews. The Nazi ghetto served as staging point for deportations to death camps during the Holocaust in Poland similar to most Jewish ghettos across the country. The Jews of all surrounding villages and towns including Krynki, Janów, Czyżów, and Zaręby Kościelne were kept there. In total, 8,000–9,000 people were murdered. The main synagogue was destroyed. The Jewish community was not restored.
Twin towns—sister citiesEdit
Sokółka is twinned with:
- Official website. Internet Archive. Automatic translation from the Polish.
- Leonard Drożdżewicz, Memorial Book of the Jews from Sokolka, „Znad Wilii”, nr 1(85) z 2021 r., p. 93-94, http://www.wilnoteka.lt/artykul/wiosenny-numer-znad-wilii-nr-185, https://www.znadwiliiwilno.lt/pl/kwartalnik-znad-wilii-2018/.
- Krzysztof Bielawski (19 September 2014). "Former Jewish residents of Sokółka and surrounding villages have been commemorated". Virtual Shtetl. POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
- Encyclopaedia Judaica (2008). "Sokolka". Jewish Virtual Library.
- Sokółka i powiat sokólski. Informacje (2012). "Bomby spadły pod Kraśnianami". Sokółka during Operation Barbarossa. iSokolka.eu. "History of Sokółka in photographs". Polska do 1945 - zachodnie prowincje. Stowarzyszenie Szukamy Polski. As well as: Benjamin Dombrowski. "Mulling over Memories of Sokółka". Translated by Selwyn Rose. Yizkor Book Project.