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Suhar (Sohar) (Arabic: صُحار‎, also Romanized as Suḥār) is the capital and largest city of the Al Batinah North Governorate in Oman. An ancient capital of the country that once served as an important Islamic port town,[1] Suhar has also been credited as the mythical birthplace of Sinbad the Sailor.[2]

Suhar (Sohar)
صُحار‎‎
City
The fort at Al Hujra.
The fort at Al Hujra.
Suhar (Sohar) is located in Oman
Suhar (Sohar)
Suhar (Sohar)
Location in Oman
Coordinates: 24°20′31.2″N 56°43′47.6″E / 24.342000°N 56.729889°E / 24.342000; 56.729889
Country  Oman
Governorate Al Batinah North
Elevation 4 m (13 ft)
Population (2016)
 • Total 221,605
Time zone Oman Standard Time (UTC+4)

According to the 2010 census, Suhar's population was 140,006, making it Oman's fifth most-populated settlement.[3] Described as an industrial town,[4] the development of the Sohar Industrial Port during the 2000s has transformed it into a major Omani industrial hub.

Contents

HistoryEdit

As the largest town in the region, it has been argued that Suhar is identified with the ancient town called Omana mentioned by Pliny the Elder in his Natural History. This settlement is believed to have given Oman its name.[5]

A large majority of the people of Suhar come from the tribe known as Al-Alawi. The oldest person known to be of this tribe is Sheikh Ahmad Saeed Msallam.

IndustryEdit

Suhar is currently experiencing significant investment and economic shifts making it the focus of attention of many local and international investors and businessmen. This change is due to a series of investment projects and economic giant in Suhar industrial area where Port of Sohar is located. Established in 2002, the port has a strategic importance due to its nearness to the Strait of Hormuz. It is operated by Suhar Industrial Port Company (SIPC) and it is considered a world class port. With current investments exceeding $12 billion, it is one of the world’s largest port development projects.

The Omani government has paid special attention to the city of Suhar, and placed it in the priorities of the future plan of the Omani economy in 2020. The goal of the Omani government is to make Suhar a business and industrial hub and help the Omani economy diversify away from oil. In order for the Omani economy to achieve this economic diversification, the Omani government is investing in a number of projects in the industrial area of Suhar. For example, it is investing more than $5 billion in the steel industry in which Oman aims to be one of the Gulf Cooperation Council's leading producers. In addition to the steel industry, there is also the industry of aluminium in Suhar industrial area. Sohar Aluminium Company was established in 2004[6] and it is considered one of the leading projects that play a major role in the sultanate’s economic diversification strategy.

EducationEdit

Suhar has four high educational institutes:

Suhar also has a number of international schools such as:

ClimateEdit

Suhar has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh) with very hot summers and mild winters. Precipitation is low; more than half of the year's total rainfall falls in February, and summers are almost completely dry.

Climate data for Sohar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.6
(90.7)
32.1
(89.8)
37.4
(99.3)
44.5
(112.1)
46.9
(116.4)
48.5
(119.3)
50.0
(122)
45.0
(113)
43.2
(109.8)
42.4
(108.3)
37.7
(99.9)
33.9
(93)
50
(122)
Average high °C (°F) 24.2
(75.6)
25.3
(77.5)
27.5
(81.5)
31.9
(89.4)
36.3
(97.3)
36.9
(98.4)
36.2
(97.2)
34.7
(94.5)
34.1
(93.4)
33.0
(91.4)
29.5
(85.1)
26.1
(79)
31.31
(88.36)
Daily mean °C (°F) 18.9
(66)
19.5
(67.1)
22.4
(72.3)
26.8
(80.2)
31.0
(87.8)
32.7
(90.9)
33.0
(91.4)
31.6
(88.9)
30.3
(86.5)
27.4
(81.3)
23.7
(74.7)
20.4
(68.7)
26.48
(79.65)
Average low °C (°F) 12.4
(54.3)
13.3
(55.9)
16.1
(61)
19.6
(67.3)
23.7
(74.7)
26.2
(79.2)
28.2
(82.8)
27.1
(80.8)
24.7
(76.5)
20.4
(68.7)
16.8
(62.2)
14.4
(57.9)
20.24
(68.44)
Record low °C (°F) 5.7
(42.3)
5.8
(42.4)
6.8
(44.2)
11.2
(52.2)
16.0
(60.8)
19.7
(67.5)
22.4
(72.3)
21.4
(70.5)
17.4
(63.3)
12.0
(53.6)
8.0
(46.4)
7.4
(45.3)
5.7
(42.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 4.7
(0.185)
56.2
(2.213)
17.0
(0.669)
7.8
(0.307)
2.5
(0.098)
0.0
(0)
0.1
(0.004)
0.0
(0)
0.5
(0.02)
0.0
(0)
3.8
(0.15)
15.9
(0.626)
108.5
(4.272)
Average relative humidity (%) 72 74 72 65 63 70 77 80 79 73 72 74 72.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 269.4 228.6 230.8 276.0 322.4 310.9 281.5 275.6 276.3 284.6 257.5 259.8 3,273.4
Source #1: NOAA (all but average maximum, 1980–1990) [7]
Source #2: www.world-climates.com (average maximum) [8]

ParksEdit

Suhar has four main parks. The first is Suhar Park, located in Al Humbar. The second is the Silver Jubilee Park which is located in Sallan. The third is the Entertainment Park in Sanaiyyah.The fourth is in falaj alqabail. And it has many other parks like Alminyal, Alsanqar, Alsuwaihra, Al-ons, Corniche park and Aluwaynat park.

Sports and leisureEdit

The city has the Sohar Regional Sports Complex and the Suhar Plaza- City Cinema.

LandmarksEdit

  • Globe Roundabout
  • Sultan Qaboos Mosque Suhar
  • Suhar Gate
  • Bahjat Al Anthar (The Sultan's Palace in Suhar)
  • Suhar Fort
  • Bull Fighting Arena
  • Handcrafts Market
  • Fish Market
  • Suhar Amusement Center.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Agius, Dionisius A. (2008). Classic Ships of Islam: From Mesopotamia to the Indian Ocean. Brill. p. 85. ISBN 9789004158634. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  2. ^ "Tourist Information". Port of Sohar. Retrieved 2011-12-02. 
  3. ^ "timesofoman.com". timesofoman.com. Retrieved 2011-06-12. 
  4. ^ "The sultanate of Oman is taking a kicking". The Economist. 8 July 2017. Retrieved 8 July 2017. 
  5. ^ Encyclopedia of Islam. "Oman". E. J. Brill (Leiden), 1913.
  6. ^ "Sohar Aluminum Smelter Project Makes First 'Hot Metal'". www.bechtel.com. Bechtel. Retrieved 15 February 2018. 
  7. ^ "Majis Climate Normals 1980–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 15, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Sohar Climate". www.world-climates.com. Retrieved January 15, 2013. 

External linksEdit