Sjønstå River

The Sjønstå River[1] (Norwegian: Sjønståelva, known as the Langvasselva in its upper course)[2] is a river in the municipality of Fauske in Nordland county, Norway. The river is located in the valley between the town of Fauske and the village of Sulitjelma.

Sjønstå River
Langvasselva
Sjønståelva.JPG
The Sjønstå River in low-flow conditions. Picture taken below the hill Stokkviknakken
Sjønstå River is located in Nordland
Sjønstå River
Location of the river
Sjønstå River is located in Norway
Sjønstå River
Sjønstå River (Norway)
Native nameSjønståelva  (Norwegian)
Location
CountryNorway
CountyNordland
MunicipalityFauske
Physical characteristics
SourceLangvatnet
 • locationLangvann Valley, Fauske
 • coordinates67°10′05″N 15°53′18″E / 67.167965°N 15.88831°E / 67.167965; 15.88831
 • elevation127 metres (417 ft)
MouthØvervatnet
 • location
Sjønstå, Fauske
 • coordinates
67°12′21″N 15°42′53″E / 67.20571°N 15.71478°E / 67.20571; 15.71478Coordinates: 67°12′21″N 15°42′53″E / 67.20571°N 15.71478°E / 67.20571; 15.71478
 • elevation
1 metre (3 ft 3 in)
Length12.7 km (7.9 mi)
Basin size779.45 km2 (300.95 sq mi)
Discharge 
 • average32.8 m3/s (1,160 cu ft/s)
Basin features
River systemSulitjelma basin

GeographyEdit

The Sjønstå River is the main river of the Sulitjelma drainage system. The stretch from its source at Langvatnet (Long Lake) to the village of Sjønstå, where it empties into Øvervatnet (Upper Lake) has been developed into the Sjønstå Hydroelectric Power Station. The river has many small tributaries.[3] Norwegian County Road 830 runs parallel to the Sjønstå River. The Sulitjelma Line formerly ran along the river. The drainage system is regulated by many hydroelectric stations. The river is 12.7 kilometers (7.9 mi) long and has a drainage basin of 779.45 square kilometers (300.95 sq mi).[4] The river's average discharge is 32.8 cubic meters per second (1,160 cu ft/s).[4]

The river gently flows from Langvatnet, but it has some rapids. The only waterfall is located at contour level 60 m (200 ft),[5]: 4  where the river runs through narrow sections with steep hillsides. The river has been seriously affected by pollution. After the Sjønstå power plant was built, large quantities of water flowed from Langvatnet down to Øvervatnet, and this has led to less pollution.[5]: 5  The lower part of the river supports salmon and has a permanent population of trout.[5]: 7 

HydroelectricityEdit

There are several hydroelectric power stations on the river operated by Salten Kraftsamband:[6]

In 2013, a concession was requested from the Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate to build the Sjønstå Falls Hydroelectric Power Station. It is planned to have an intake at 58.4 meters (192 ft) at the existing threshold in the river. The installed capacity will be about 2.7 MW. According to the plan, the average annual production will be 7.3 GWh. The development will create a further reduction in water flow on a 1,370-meter (4,490 ft) stretch of the Sjønstå River. The planned release from the plant is a minimum of 600 liters per second (21 cu ft/s) in the summer season and 150 liters per second (5.3 cu ft/s) in the winter season.[7]

There are also plans to create the Lappland Hydroelectric Power Station, which, if it is realized, will change the flow of water in the Sjønstå River significantly by drawing large quantities of water from Swedish watercourses into Norway.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Oppfølging av forurensningssituasjonen i Sulitjelma gruvefelt, Fauske kommune Undersøkelser i 2011–2012. 2012. Oslo: Norsk institutt for vannforskning, p. 6.
  2. ^ Støyvarselkart i henhold til T-1442, Fauske kommune. 2012. Bodø: Statens vegvesen, region nord.
  3. ^ Norgeskart: Sjønståelva, Elv Fauske.
  4. ^ a b NVE Atlas. Norges vassdrags- og energidirektorat.
  5. ^ a b c Bjerkaas, Olav. 1989. Vassdragsrapport – Sjønståelva. Oslo: Miljøverndepartementet.
  6. ^ Salten kraftsamband. Våre vannkraftverk. Archived 2014-01-01 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ NVE: Konsesjonssak, Sjønståfossen kraftverk.