Sinolestes is a genus of damselfly in the family Synlestidae.[2][3][4][5] It is monotypic, the sole species being Sinolestes editus.[2] It is found in southeastern China (Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong, and Guangxi provinces), Taiwan,[1] and probably northern Vietnam.[6]

Sinolestes
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Odonata
Suborder: Zygoptera
Family: Synlestidae
Genus: Sinolestes
Needham, 1930
Species:
S. editus
Binomial name
Sinolestes editus
Needham, 1930
Synonyms[2]
  • Sinolestes ornatus Needham, 1930
  • Sinolestes truncata Needham, 1930

DescriptionEdit

The abdomen measures 52–58 mm (2.0–2.3 in) in males and 54 mm (2.1 in) in females. Male has deep metallic green body with pale-yellow markings. The head is posteriorly yellow. They eyes are pale-green. The pronotum is laterally yellow. The anterior side of the synthorax has broad longitudinal humeral stripe; the lateral side of synthorax has yellow metepisternum and metepimeron. The wings are transparent or with dark cross-bands of different widths (specimens with different wing types were originally considered to represent distinct species, but are now regarded as intraspecific variation). The pterostigma is yellowish-brown, darkening with age and ultimately becoming totally black. The legs are black. The abdomen is dark with some yellow lateral markings. Female is similar to male but the yellow abdominal markings are more developed and the pterostigma remains pale yellowish-brown when mature.[6]

HabitatEdit

In Taiwan, Sinolestes editus occurs near small puddles in semi-shaded brooks in mountain forests at about 1,000 m (3,300 ft) above sea level. In China, the altitudinal range is 220–1,900 m (720–6,230 ft).[6]

Ecology and behaviourEdit

Males guard their breeding sites, perching on branches or tall grasses around small puddles. The eggs are laid inside the stems of Polygonum chinense and Hydrangea angustipetala some 1–2 meters above the puddle.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Wilson, K. D. P. (2009). "Sinolestes editus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2009: e.T167190A6313557. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  2. ^ a b c Martin Schorr & Dennis Paulson (24 March 2020). "World Odonata List". Slater Museum of Natural History, University of Puget Sound. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  3. ^ "Sinolestes". GBIF. Retrieved 2020-01-25.
  4. ^ Dijkstra, Klaas-Douwe B.; Kalkman, Vincent J.; Dow, Rory A.; Stokvis, Frank R.; et al. (2014). "Redefining the damselfly families: a comprehensive molecular phylogeny of Zygoptera (Odonata)". Systematic Entomology. 39 (1): 68–96. doi:10.1111/syen.12035.
  5. ^ Wen-Jer Wu & Yei, Wen-Chi (n.d.). K. T. Shao (ed.). "Sinolestes edita Needham, 1930". Catalogue of life in Taiwan. Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taiwan. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d Yeh, W. C.; H. C. Tang; S. L. Chen & M. H. Tsou (2006). "Three dragonflies (Odonata) newly recorded in Taiwan". Formosan Entomologist. 26: 87–95.

Further readingEdit

  • Steinmann, Henrik (1997). Wermuth, Heinz & Fischer, Maximilian (eds.). World Catalogue of Odonata, Volume I: Zygoptera. Das Tierreich. Vol. 110. Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 978-3-11-014933-3.