Silver Bank (Spanish: Banco de la Plata) is a submerged bank in the Atlantic Ocean north of the Dominican Republic and southeast of the territory of Turks and Caicos Islands. It covers an area of 1,680 square kilometres (649 square miles). It is separated from Mouchoir Bank in the west by Silver Bank Passage, and from Navidad Bank in the east by Navidad Bank Passage.
|Native name: |
Banco de la Plata
|Area||1,680 km2 (650 sq mi)|
Silver Bank is a shallow underwater carbonate platform that almost reaches the ocean's surface in certain areas (60 feet (18 metres) deep in the shallow parts), but is mostly submerged. In its northern reaches, many coral heads reach the ocean surface, especially at low tide. Lying amongst the coral heads is the wrecked freighter Polyxeni, most of which rests above the surface. Persons can board the Polyxeni only with governmental permission.
Because the Silver Bank is shallow, it is not suitable for passage of large ships. In fact, any boat in the area should obtain permission before entering the bank.
The area is considered part of the Dominican Republic, as is Navidad Bank east of it. On Oct. 14, 1986, the Dominican Republic established the Silver and Navidad Bank Sanctuary (Santuario de los Bancos de la Plata y de la Navidad) to protect the area as a safe haven for sea mammals. On July 5, 1996, a Dominican presidential decree enlarged the area, declaring it the 'Sanctuary for Marine Mammals' (Santuario de Mamíferos Marinos).
Just to the southeast is Navidad Bank, also under the jurisdiction of the Dominican Republic.
- Áreas protegidas de la República Dominicana - Santuario de los Bancos de la Plata y de la Navidad
- Michael L. Frankel, The Voyage of SABRA: An Ecological Cruise Through the Caribbean
- Reserva Cientifica Santuario de Mamiferos Marinos Bancos Bancos de la Plata y Navidad Archived 2016-10-25 at archive.today
- Carew, James; Mylroie, John (1997). Vacher, H.L.; Quinn, T. (eds.). Geology of Bahamas, in Geology and Hydrology of Carbonate Islands, Developments in Sedimentology 54. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science B.V. pp. 91–139. ISBN 9780444516442.