Silopi (Kurdish: Silopî‎)[3] is a city and district of Şırnak Province in Turkey's Southeastern Anatolia Region, close to the borders of Iraq and Syria. The majority of its people are of ethnic Kurds. The district, composed of Silopi center, three townships with their own municipalities, and 23 villages, has an urban population of 73,400 (2009 census).[4][needs update] The mayor Adalet Fidan of the HDP, who was elected in 2019, was deposed the same year and replaced by the sub-governor (kaymakam) Sezer Işiktaş as a "state-appointed caretaker" (acting mayor).[5]

Silopi
Habur Anadolu Lisesi in Silopi district
Habur Anadolu Lisesi in Silopi district
Silopi is located in Turkey
Silopi
Silopi
Coordinates: 37°16′0″N 42°29′0″E / 37.26667°N 42.48333°E / 37.26667; 42.48333Coordinates: 37°16′0″N 42°29′0″E / 37.26667°N 42.48333°E / 37.26667; 42.48333
CountryTurkey
ProvinceŞırnak
Government
 • MayorSezer Işiktaş (State-appointed caretaker)
 • KaymakamSezer Işiktaş
Area
 • District730.29 km2 (281.97 sq mi)
Population
 (2012)[2]
 • Urban
84,157
 • District
114,754
 • District density160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Post code
73400
Websitewww.silopi.bel.tr
Districts of Şırnak

The Habur frontier gate, the only major crossing between Turkey and Iraq, is in the district of Silopi and is a decisive factor in the region's economy. Queues of lorries waiting for customs and security clearance that sometimes reach a few dozen kilometers on the motorway connecting the two countries are a common sight. The Khabur River, which carries the same name as the frontier gate, crosses in the district territory and joins the Tigris here. The Kirkuk-Ceyhan Oil Pipeline also crosses the district.

HistoryEdit

Turkish authorities placed the city of Silopi under curfew from 14 December 2015 – 4 January 2016. According to the Peoples' Democratic Party (Turkey), 20 people were killed. Since July 2015, 34 people have been killed in Silopi.[6] On August 7, 2015, clashes between Turkish security forces and the Kurdish militant PKK group may have killed three people. Government reports claimed "terrorists" were killed,[7][8] while pro-Kurdish Peoples' Democratic Party lawmaker Faysal Sarıyıldız said that the casualties were civilians and that he had seen no sign of armed militants, according to Reuters.[9] The Kurdish-Turkish conflict in the region has escalated since late July 2015.

EmploymentEdit

Şırnak Silopi power station is powered by asphaltite coal and is claimed both to emit air pollution and to be an important source of employment.[10] In 2020 the EBRD proposed a just transition to support workers who may lose jobs due to the decline of coal in Turkey.[11]

Peanuts are grown.[12]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 5 March 2013.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
  3. ^ Adem Avcıkıran (2009). Kürtçe Anamnez Anamneza bi Kurmancî (PDF) (in Turkish and Kurdish). p. 57. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 September 2015. Retrieved 20 December 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Şırnak Silopi Seçim Sonuçları - 31 Mart 2019 Yerel Seçimleri". www.sabah.com.tr. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
  6. ^ https://hdpenglish.wordpress.com/2016/01/06/hdp-information-desk-current-situation-in-cizre-silopi-and-sur-districts-updated-on-04-01-2016/
  7. ^ "Three killed in clashes in southeastern town of Silopi". Today's Zaman. 7 August 2015. Archived from the original on 7 August 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
  8. ^ "PKK terrorists clash with armed forces in Turkey's southeastern Silopi, three terrorists killed". Daily Sabah. 7 August 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
  9. ^ "Five killed in clashes between Turkish forces, Kurdish rebels". Reuters. Reuters. 7 August 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
  10. ^ "SİLOPİ'YE 7 KERE 5…!?". ŞIRNAK HABER (in Turkish). 9 February 2020. Retrieved 11 February 2020.
  11. ^ "The EBRD just transition initiative".
  12. ^ "Yer fıstığı Silopi'den dünyaya açılacak". Haberler.com (in Turkish). Retrieved 4 August 2020.

External linksEdit