Shortlands is a suburb of South East London, England, within the London Borough of Bromley and the historic county of Kent. It is located between Beckenham and Bromley, to the north of Park Langley.

Shortlands
Shortlands Cenotaph - geograph.org.uk - 1426308.jpg
The Shortlands war memorial
Shortlands is located in Greater London
Shortlands
Shortlands
Location within Greater London
Population9,303 
(ward, 2001 census) [1]
9,824 (2011 Census. Ward)[2]
OS grid referenceTQ395685
London borough
Ceremonial countyGreater London
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBROMLEY
Postcode districtBR2
Dialling code020
PoliceMetropolitan
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°23′54″N 0°00′14″E / 51.3983°N 0.0039°E / 51.3983; 0.0039Coordinates: 51°23′54″N 0°00′14″E / 51.3983°N 0.0039°E / 51.3983; 0.0039

HistoryEdit

The earliest known settlement in the area was an Iron Age hillfort at Toots Wood, where traces of a Roman Camp and pottery has also been found.[3][4]

Historically, Shortlands was known as Clay Hill.[5][4] In medieval times the areas consisted of sets of long and short fields, called Longelonds and Shortelonds, the latter ultimately giving its name to Shortlands House (later converted into a hotel, and now a part of Bishop Challoner School) which was built at the start of the 18th century.[4] The house with its extensive farmland was acquired in 1848 by a railway magnate William Wilkinson, who also built several cottages for his farm labourers.[6][4] Housing development began in the 1860s with the sale of the Shortlands House estate, spurred by the opening of Shortlands railway station in 1858.[4] The housing along Westmoreland Road largely dates to the 1880s, with further development occurring in the 20th century.[4]

Pearson & Cox was a British automobile manufacturer in Shortlands, trading from 1908 to 1916. In 1913 they manufactured both steam-powered vehicles (cars and bicycles) and petrol powered cyclecars.[7][8]

In 1921, a war memorial, designed by W. D. Caroe in the form of a Celtic cross, was unveiled in the village, in the middle of a road junction. On 8 July 2016, a Mini car collided with the memorial, breaking it into pieces.[9] The memorial was restored in October 2017 and re-positioned on its site.[10]

Shortlands is today a quiet, prosperous suburb. There is a library on Shortlands Road and a small row of shops by the railway station.

TransportEdit

RailEdit

Shortlands station is in Travelcard Zone 4 of Transport for London’s zonal fare system, and serves the area with National Rail services to London Victoria via Herne Hill, as well as Orpington. Shortlands is also served by Thameslink to London Blackfriars via Catford, (during peak hours these trains continue to Luton via St Pancras International); as well as to Sevenoaks via Swanley. As of 2019, the station also houses a coffee shop, snack retailer and dry cleaners.

BusesEdit

Shortlands is served by London Buses routes 162, 227, 354, 358 367 & N3. These connect it with areas including Beckenham, Bromley, Bromley Common, Locksbottom, Farnborough, Green Street Green, Keston, Park Langley, Eden Park, Chislehurst, Bickley, Eltham, New Eltham, Croydon, Shirley, Addiscombe, Crystal Palace, Elmers End, Anerley, Penge and Orpington.

Route 162, and the N3 night bus between Oxford Circus and Bromley North serve Shortlands via Hayes Lane at the Scotts Lane, Den Close and Hayes Lane/Kingswood Road bus stops.

The nearest Tramlink station is Beckenham Junction, which serves the western termini Wimbledon, as well as Mitcham Junction, West Croydon and East Croydon stations.

EducationEdit

The main schools in Shortlands are Valley Primary School, Highfield Infant and Junior Schools, Harris Academy Shortlands, Clare House Primary School and Bishop Challoner School.

Sports and leisureEdit

Beccehamians RFC, a Rugby Union Club founded in 1933, plays competitive rugby at Sparrows Den at the bottom of Corkscrew Hill near West Wickham.[11]

Notable peopleEdit

  • Enid Blyton (1897-1968), children's author, commemorated by a blue plaque on 83 Shortlands Road where she lived part of her life.[12]
  • Harold Bride (1890-1956), the wireless operator aboard RMS Titanic lived at 58 Ravensbourne Avenue from 1903 - 1922, commemorated by a blue plaque on the property.[13]
  • Sir John Brown (1816–1896), Victorian-era industrialist, died at Shortlands House.[14]
  • Grahame Clark (1907–1995), archaeologist who specialised in Mesolithic Europe and palaeoeconomics, grew up in Shortlands.[15]
  • Mrs Craik (Dinah Craik) (1826–1887), novelist, lived and died in Shortland.[16]
  • John Ossian Davies (1851–1916), the Welsh Congregationalist minister, died here.[17]
  • Thomas Charles Dewey (1840-1926), President of the Prudential Assurance Company and philanthropist, commemorated by a blue plaque on 1 South Hill Road where he lived for much of his life.[18]
  • George Grote (1794–1871), eminent historian of Greece, was born here at Shortlands House when it was known as Clay Hill.[4]
  • General Sir Reginald Hewetson, GCB CBE DSO (1908–1993) senior British Army office.[citation needed]
  • Charles Keeping (1924–1988), illustrator, children'sauthor and lithographer, lived at 16 Church Road where there is a plaque commemorating him.[19]
  • Joseph Thomas Last (1849-1933), English missionary, explorer and naturalist, died here.[20]
  • Alexander Muirhead (1848-1920), electrical engineer, credited with recording the first human electrocardiogram, lived and died on Church Road.[21]
  • Brian Murphy, actor, known for playing George Roper in the sitcom George and Mildred, lived in Shortlands with his wife Linda Regan (see below).[22]
  • Linda Regan, actress and author, lived in Shortlands with her husband Brian Murphy (see above).[22]
  • Peter Ricketts, former Permanent Secretary to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, created Baron Ricketts, of Shortlands in 2017.[23][24]
  • Lord Stamp of Shortlands (1880–1941), the first Chartered Mayor of Beckenham and Chairman of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway. lived and died here when his house on Park Hill Road was bombed in 1941.[25]
  • John Veale (1922–2006), English classical composer, born here.[26]
  • Charles Paget Wade (1883–1956), English architect, artist-craftsman and poet, was born in Shortlands.[27]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bromley.org 2001 Census information for the Shortlands ward "Shortlands ward population - 9303"
  2. ^ "Bromley Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 11 October 2016.
  3. ^ "Tootswood road". Beckenham History. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Willey, Russ. Chambers London Gazetteer, p 441
  5. ^ "History of Shortlands". Hidden London. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  6. ^ "William Wilkinson". Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  7. ^ "Pearson and Cox Steam motor cycle". collection.sciencemuseum.org.uk. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
  8. ^ "Pearson and Cox". gracesguide.co.uk. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
  9. ^ "War memorial destroyed after car crash Mini lands on top of it". Daily Telegraph. 8 July 2016. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  10. ^ "War memorial smashed by car returned to former glory". News Shopper. 25 October 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  11. ^ Beccehamians RFC
  12. ^ "Enid Blyton - Bromley". London Remembers. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  13. ^ "Harold Bride". London Remembers. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  14. ^ "John Brown". Graces Guide. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  15. ^ "Grahame Clark" (PDF). The British Academy. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  16. ^ Sally Mitchell, "Craik, Dinah Maria (1826–1887)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford, OUP, 2004) Retrieved 12 March 2017, pay-walled.
  17. ^ Rees, Thomas Mardy. "John Ossian Davies". Dictionary of Welsh Biography. National Library of Wales. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  18. ^ "Sir Thomas Dewey - Bromley". London Remembers. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  19. ^ "Charles Keeping". Visit Bromley. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  20. ^ "Joseph Thomas Last". Conchology. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  21. ^ "Alexander Muirhead". Graces Guide. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  22. ^ a b "TV actors selling Grade II listed Shortlands cottage with links to Blyton, HG Wells and Shelley". Bromley Times. 9 May 2018. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  23. ^ https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/543973/resignation_peerages_2016.pdf[bare URL]
  24. ^ "No. 61738". The London Gazette. 21 October 2016. p. 22392.
  25. ^ CWGC Casualty Record, under Beckenham Municipal Borough.
  26. ^ Guardian Obituary Guardian. 18/01/07
  27. ^ "Charles Paget Wade". BROMLEY BOROUGH LOCAL HISTORY SOCIETY. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  28. ^ Historic England. "Main Pumping Station (1298989)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 August 2020.

External linksEdit