Shire of Ngaanyatjarraku

The Shire of Ngaanyatjarraku is a remote local government area in Western Australia near the Northern Territory/South Australian border. It is 1,542 km (958 mi) from Perth.

Shire of Ngaanyatjarraku
Western Australia
Ngaanyatjarra LGA WA.png
Location in Western Australia
Population1,606 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density0.0099917/km2 (0.025878/sq mi)
Area160,732.9 km2 (62,059.3 sq mi)
Shire PresidentDamian McLean
Council seatWarburton
State electorate(s)Kalgoorlie, Pilbara
Federal division(s)O'Connor
Shire of Ngaanyatjarraku.jpg
WebsiteShire of Ngaanyatjarraku
LGAs around Shire of Ngaanyatjarraku:
East Pilbara East Pilbara Northern Territory
Wiluna Shire of Ngaanyatjarraku Northern Territory
Laverton Laverton South Australia

It was formed on 1 July 1993 following a report of the Local Government Boundaries Commission in 1992. The Shire of Wiluna was divided with the eastern area becoming the new Shire.

It is a community of interest within the traditional lands of the Ngaanyatjarra people of the Central Desert of Western Australia. The 99-year leases held by the Ngaanyatjarra Land Council on behalf of the traditional owners also form the boundaries of the Shire of Ngaanyatjarraku.

The Shire has 560 km (350 mi) of gravel road and is far from bitumen roads.

The Federal Court of Australia on 29 June 2005 consented to the Native Title claim over approximately 187,700 km2 (72,500 sq mi) (about the size of Syria) of land in the Central Desert Region in the Shires of Laverton and Ngaanyatjarraku.

Ngaanyatjarra is the first language of most residents (65%, see below) with the other language significantly represented being Pitjantjatjara.


The 2016 ABS Census indicated that the region's 1,606 residents comprised 48.8% males and 51.2% females, with 84.2% of the population being Indigenous Australians. The Ngaanyatjarraku community has a greater proportion of younger people than the overall Australian population and a lesser proportion of older people, reflected by the median age of 29 years of age compared with 38 Australia-wide.[1]

Some other statistics:[1]


The Shire of Ngaanyatjarraku covers 159,948 square kilometres (61,756 sq mi) and is the local government authority responsible for the provision of services to the communities.[2]

There are 10 small local centres within the Ngaanyatyarra Lands:[3][4]

Kiwirrkurra and Yilka (Cosmo Newbery) lie outside the Lands, but are served by the Shire.[5][6]

Giles Weather Station is also within the Shire.[7]

Council statisticsEdit

  • Location: Gibson / Great Victoria Deserts
  • Length of Sealed Roads (km): 12.6
  • Length of Unsealed Roads (km): 1,444
  • Population: 1,335 (2006 Census)
  • Educational Institutions
    • Colleges 1
    • Primary & High Schools (K -10) 8

Ngaanyatjarra Council (Aboriginal Corporation)Edit

The associated Ngaanyatjarra Council operates

  • Air services (contracted to Missionary Aviation Fellowship (MAF))
  • Tertiary education (Ngaanyatjarra Community College, Warburton)
  • Communities
  • Land Management
  • Native Title Representative Body
  • Ngaanyatjarra Agencies and Transport Services Inc (NATS)
  • Ngaanyatjarra Services (Aboriginal Corporation)
  • Roadhouses
  • Service Stations
    • Caltex Alice Springs fuel franchise supplies Caltex fuel and petroleum products to all Ngaanyatjarra communities, workshops and roadhouse facilities at a fair price, and operates the Caltex fuel dealership throughout Central Australia.
    • Caltex Roadhouse – Alice Springs

Heritage-listed placesEdit

The Giles Weather Station

As of 2021, two places are heritage-listed in the Shire of Ngaanyatjarraku, the Giles Meteorological Station and the Warakurna Multi-Function Police Facility,[8] neither of which are on the State Register of Heritage Places.[9]


  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Ngaanyatjarraku (S)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 26 November 2017.  
  2. ^ "Our Shire". Shire of Ngaanyatjarraku. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Community information". Shire of Ngaanyatjarraku. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  4. ^ Kral 2012, p. 14.
  5. ^ "Kiwirrkurra Campus". Ngaanyatjarra Lands School. 9 April 2018. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  6. ^ "Ngaanyatjarra Lands Directory". Shire of Ngaanyatjarraku. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  7. ^ "Giles Weather Station". Shire of Ngaanyatjarraku. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  8. ^ "Shire of Ngaanyatjarraku Heritage Places". Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  9. ^ "Shire of Ngaanyatjarraku State Register of Heritage Places". Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 8 February 2021.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 26°08′06″S 126°34′44″E / 26.135°S 126.579°E / -26.135; 126.579