Shippagan (2016 population: 2,580[1]) is a Canadian town in Gloucester County, New Brunswick.

Shippagan
Town
The Marina in Shippagan
The Marina in Shippagan
Shippagan is located in New Brunswick
Shippagan
Shippagan
Location within New Brunswick.
Coordinates: 47°44′38″N 64°43′04″W / 47.743889°N 64.717778°W / 47.743889; -64.717778
CountryCanada
ProvinceNew Brunswick
CountyGloucester
ParishShippagan
Founded1790
Government
 • TypeTown Council
 • MayorTilmon Mallet
Area
 • Total10.02 km2 (3.87 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Total2,580
 • Density257.6/km2 (667/sq mi)
 • Pop 2011-2016
Decrease 1.9%
 • Dwellings
1,225
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (ADT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)506
Websitewww.shippagan.ca

GeographyEdit

Shippagan is located in the northeastern part of the Acadian Peninsula: a combination bridge-causeway connects the town with Lamèque Island to the northeast.

The peninsula is approximately 5 km (3 miles) long and at maximum 5 km (3 miles) wide, bordered on the north-west by Shippagan Bay, to the north by Shippagan harbour to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and to the west by St Simon's Bay.

Approximately 99% of the town's residents are Francophone.

HistoryEdit

The town was founded by the Duguay family, from Paspébiac, Quebec and the Robichaux family from Bonaventure, Quebec in 1790, as a result of expansion of the Charles Robin Company. Jean-Baptiste Robichaux was in 1798 the first settler from Grand Chipagan to petition the government for title to his land, in 1798; he was the son of an expelled Acadian.[2]

The location of the town is an ideal spot for fishing, which was its first economic product, as well as exporting timber from further inland. There are also numerous peat bogs in the area, and their exploitation continues to this day.

Shippagan is home to campuses of the Université de Moncton and New Brunswick Community College.

The nameEdit

The name originates from the Mi'kmaq Sepagun-chiche, which roughly translates as "Ducks' transit route". This name described the immediate region rather than the specific location of the current settlement that inherited the name.

Different spellings have been applied over the years. None of the earliest known francophone explorers such as Jacques Cartier, Samuel de Champlain and Nicolas Denys mentions the name Shippagan, which appears in writing for the first time only in 1656 when Ignatius of Paris, a Capucine missionary, wrote to his superiors recommending the establishment of four or five missionary posts, one of which he called "Cibaguensi", a Latinised form of Shippagan.

During the eighteenth century various orthographies were used for the nearby settlement on the site of what is now Bas-Caraquet,[3] most commonly Chipagan, and this is the name subsequently applied and adapted for modern-day Shippagan. Early English language texts applied the francophone spelling, "Chipagan", but from the early nineteenth centuries various anglophone variants were preferred, such as Shipagan, Ship-a-gang, Shipegan, Shippegan, Shippigan and Shippagan.[4] By the twenty-first century custom had settled on "Town of Shippagan" which on September 9, 2009 was officially reduced to "Shippagan".[5]

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

Canada census – Shippagan, New Brunswick community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population: 2,580 (-1.9% from 2011) 2,603 (-5.5% from 2006) 2,754 (-5.7% from 2001)
Land area: 10.02 km2 (3.87 sq mi) 9.94 km2 (3.84 sq mi) 9.94 km2 (3.84 sq mi)
Population density: 257.6/km2 (667/sq mi) 261.9/km2 (678/sq mi) 277.1/km2 (718/sq mi)
Median age: 50.2 (M: 49.3, F: 51.3) 47.4 (M: 45.6, F: 49.2) 43.2 (M: 42.1, F: 44.4)
Total private dwellings: 1,225 1,211 1,242
Median household income: $51,968 $45,486 $40,547
References: 2016[6] 2011[7] 2006[8] earlier[9]
YearPop.±%
1991 2,760—    
1996 2,862+3.7%
2001 2,872+0.3%
YearPop.±%
2001A 2,920+1.7%
2006 2,754−5.7%
2011 2,603−5.5%
YearPop.±%
2011E2,631+1.1%
2016 2,580−1.9%
(A) adjustment due to boundary change
(E) revised count - Population and dwelling count amendments, 2011 Census

LanguageEdit

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Shippagan, New Brunswick[10]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
2,465
2,375   4.4% 96.35% 45   35.7% 1.82% 10   0.0% 0.41% 35   75.0% 1.42%
2006
2,585
2,485   7.1% 96.13% 70   180.0% 2.71% 10   n/a% 0.39% 20   100.0% 0.77%
2001
2,710
2,675   2.1% 98.71% 25   64.3% 0.92% 0   100.0% 0.00% 10   n/a% 0.37%
1996
2,700
2,620 n/a 97.04% 70 n/a 2.59% 10 n/a 0.37% 0 n/a 0.00%

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Shippagan, Town". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 11 August 2019.
  2. ^ Donat Robichaud, "ROBICHAUX (Robichaud, Robicheau), JEAN-BAPTISTE" (1983, DCB)
  3. ^ William Francis Ganong (1905). Historical-geographical documents relating to New Brunswick. 2. Saint-Jean: New Brunswick Historical Society.
  4. ^ Donat Robichaud, Le Grand Chipagan - Histoire de Shippagan Beresford, 1976. pp. 19-20.
  5. ^ Mark Barbour (September 2009). "Huit localités du Nouveau-Brunswick changent de nom". Retrieved 28 September 2009..
  6. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. 21 February 2017. Retrieved 11 August 2019.
  7. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  8. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. 30 March 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  9. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. 17 February 2012.
  10. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  11. ^ 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Shippagan, New Brunswick

External linksEdit


Coordinates: 47°44′38″N 64°43′4″W / 47.74389°N 64.71778°W / 47.74389; -64.71778 (Shippagan)