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Bonaventure is a town on the Gaspé Peninsula in the Bonaventure Regional County Municipality of Quebec. It is located on Baie des Chaleurs near the mouth of the Bonaventure River. The town is situated on Route 132 between Saint-Siméon and New Carlisle.

Bonaventure
Skyline of Bonaventure
Location within Bonaventure RCM.
Location within Bonaventure RCM.
Bonaventure is located in Eastern Quebec
Bonaventure
Bonaventure
Location in eastern Quebec.
Coordinates: 48°03′N 65°29′W / 48.050°N 65.483°W / 48.050; -65.483Coordinates: 48°03′N 65°29′W / 48.050°N 65.483°W / 48.050; -65.483[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionGaspésie–
Îles-de-la-Madeleine
RCMBonaventure
Settled1760
ConstitutedJanuary 1, 1884
Government
 • MayorRoch Audet
 • Federal ridingGaspésie—
Îles-de-la-Madeleine
 • Prov. ridingBonaventure
Area
 • Total106.90 km2 (41.27 sq mi)
 • Land104.15 km2 (40.21 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[3]
 • Total2,775
 • Density26.6/km2 (69/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011
Increase 3.8%
 • Dwellings
1,294
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)418 and 581
Highways Route 132
GNBC CodeEQKCG
NTS Map022A03
Websitebonaventure
gaspesie.com

The Quebec Acadian Museum (Musée Acadien du Québec) is located in the town.

The town was named after the Italian saint Bonaventure.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The first permanent European settlement of Bonaventure was in 1760 by Acadian refugees who had successfully avoided the expulsion of Acadians that had begun in 1755. Some of these early settlers were present at the Battle of Restigouche in July 1760, where a mixed force of French navy aided by Acadians were defeated by the Royal Navy. Many of today's Bonaventure residents are of Acadian descent.[4]

Prior to permanent settlement, the Bonaventure harbour had often been visited by Europeans and was the location of temporary camps and posts for many years before.

At the time of settlement, Bonaventure was located in lands possessed by France, but in 1763, after the Treaty of Paris, all of New France was ceded to Britain, and Bonaventure became part of British colony of the Province of Quebec. Later, some of the lands already settled by the Acadians were granted to anglophones, although after decades of petitioning the Quebéc government, some of the Acadian settlers were able to gain title to the lands they occupied. However, even as late as 1891, more than half of the homesteaders in this region had no legal title to the lands they lived on.[5][6]

Bonaventure was raided by Americans during the War of Independence.[4]

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

Canada census – Bonaventure, Quebec community profile
2011 2006
Population: 2,775 (+3.8% from 2006) 2,673 (-3.0% from 2001)
Land area: 104.15 km2 (40.21 sq mi) 104.15 km2 (40.21 sq mi)
Population density: 26.6/km2 (69/sq mi) 25.7/km2 (67/sq mi)
Median age: 48.6 (M: 48.5, F: 48.7) 45.5 (M: 46.0, F: 45.2)
Total private dwellings: 1,294 1,159
Median household income: $53,199 $44,087
References: 2011[7] 2006[8] earlier[9]
YearPop.±%
1991 2,844—    
1996 2,884+1.4%
YearPop.±%
2001 2,756−4.4%
2006 2,673−3.0%
YearPop.±%
2011 2,775+3.8%

LanguageEdit

Mother tongue language (2011)[11]

Language Population Pct (%)
French only 2,540 93.04%
English only 170 6.23%
Both English and French 15 0.55%
Other languages 5 0.18%

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Reference number 325850 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. ^ a b "Bonaventure". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire. Archived from the original on 2012-05-01. Retrieved 2011-12-29.
  3. ^ a b "Bonaventure census profile". 2011 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2011-12-29.
  4. ^ a b Arsenault, Bona (1978). History of the Acadians. Lemeac. ISBN 0-7761-5034-0.
  5. ^ Gallant, abbé Patrice, Les Registres de La Gaspésie, 1961.
  6. ^ Legislature of Quebec, List of lands granted in the province of Quebec from 1763 to 31st December 1890, 1891.
  7. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-28.
  8. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-29.
  9. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  10. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  11. ^ 2011 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Bonaventure, Quebec

External linksEdit