Shinall Mountain

Shinall Mountain is a peak in Pulaski County, Arkansas, located in the foothills of the Ouachita Mountains on the western edge of Little Rock, the capital and most populous city of Arkansas. At an elevation of 1,056 feet (322 m) above mean sea level, it is the highest natural point in Pulaski County. Shinall Mountain is made of Carboniferous rocks, and plant fossils can sometimes be found in the blue-hued black shales comprising the sides of its bluff.

Shinall Mountain
Shinall Mountain.jpg
Highest point
Elevation1056 NAVD 88[1]
Prominence510 ft (160 m)
Isolation10.02 mi (16.13 km)
Coordinates34°47′55″N 92°29′49″W / 34.798748°N 92.496894°W / 34.798748; -92.496894Coordinates: 34°47′55″N 92°29′49″W / 34.798748°N 92.496894°W / 34.798748; -92.496894[1]
Geography
Shinall Mountain is located in Arkansas
Shinall Mountain
Shinall Mountain
LocationPulaski County, Arkansas
CountryUnited States
Parent rangeOuachita Mountains, U.S. Interior Highlands
Topo mapUSGS Pinnacle Mountain and Ferndale

EtymologyEdit

"Shinall" is a corruption of the French name "Chenault", the surname of a family (consisting of brothers Elijah Nelson Chenault and Benjamin Franklin Chenault, and their respective families) that settled near the base of Shinall Mountain before the American Civil War.[2] Another derivation of the surname, "Chenal", is used for two related locations in western Pulaski County: Chenal Valley, a 4,800-acre (7.5 sq mi) upscale planned community in west Little Rock—which is adjacent to Shinall Mountain, and Chenal Parkway, a mostly divided four-lane thoroughfare (that actually scales Shinall Mountain) connecting Highways 10 and 300 to Little Rock's Financial Centre District. The Deltic Timber Corporation, who develops and manages Chenal Valley, chose the name as a foreign branding strategy. Because of the spelling and identical pronunication, "Shinall" is often misspelled "Chenal" when referring to the peak.

GeographyEdit

Shinall Mountain is located approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) south of Pinnacle Mountain. Because Pinnacle Mountain is steeper, it appears higher than Shinall Mountain, despite it actually being 55 feet lower (at an elevation of 1,011 feet [308 m]).[1] According to the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS), Shinall Mountain is a summit.[3]

Broadcast stations transmitting from Shinall MountainEdit

The peak of Shinall Mountain serves an antenna farm for broadcasters in the Little Rock–Pine Bluff Designated Market Area (DMA), and is dotted by a number of communications towers housing the transmitter facilities of most of the area's television and FM radio stations as well as cellular telephone carriers, emergency response, weather radio and amateur radio services, which are easily identifiable due to the navigational lights adorning the towers that can be seen for miles. The height of the mountain made it very attractive for broadcasters to maintain transmitter facilities, as the hilly terrain of Central Arkansas makes it difficult for communications signals to transmit at lower elevations without impairment.

The first television antenna on Shinall Mountain was erected in 1955 to house the transmitters of KARK-TV (channel 4) and KTHV (channel 11). The first FM station to transmit from Shinall Mountain was KARK-FM (103.7 FM, now KABZ), which began broadcasting there in 1967. The tallest of the towers standing on the peak is the guyed mast built in 1983 for Fox affiliate KLRT-TV (channel 16), now owned by Mission Broadcasting, which stands at 1,194 feet (364 m).[4][5]

TelevisionEdit

The following television stations transmit from Shinall Mountain:[6]

Callsign Virtual
channel
Digital
channel
City of license Affiliation
KARK-TV 4 32 Little Rock NBC
KATV 7 22 Little Rock ABC
KTHV 11 12 Little Rock CBS
KLRT-TV 16 30 Little Rock Fox
KTVV-LD 18 18 Hot Springs Spirit TV
KLRA-CD 20 20 Little Rock Univision
KKYK-CD 30 21 Little Rock Telemundo
KWMO-LD 34 29 Hot Springs Novelisima
KKAP 36 36 Little Rock Daystar
KENH-LD 41 26 Hot Springs Shop LC
KARZ-TV 42 28 Little Rock MyNetworkTV
KMYA-LD 49 25 Sheridan MeTV

Other stations in the Little Rock–Pine Bluff DMA not listed in the above table transmit from two other locations in Central Arkansas (listed by virtual channel followed by physical channel): KASN (virtual channel 38, digital channel 34; CW) and Arkansas PBS flagship station KETS (virtual channel 2, digital channel 7; PBS) both transmit from the Clear Channel Broadcasting Tower, located two miles (3.2 km) west-southwest of Redfield in Jefferson County; Victory Television Network flagship KVTN-DT (virtual channel 25, digital channel 18; religious independent) transmits from a tower located two miles (3.2 km) due west of England in Lonoke County.

Due to that station originally being licensed to Pine Bluff (until 1958) and since-repealed FCC regulations requiring a transmitter to be located within 15 miles (24 km) from a station's city of license, KATV maintained transmitters based in Jefferson County from its 1954 sign-on until 2008, transmitting for most of that timeframe from a 2,000-foot (610 m) tower west-southwest of Redfield (near the present day KASN/KETS tower); the analog transmitter of KETS was also housed on that tower. After the Redfield tower collapsed during guy wire repair work on January 22, 2008, KATV set up a temporary analog transmitter at Shinall Mountain on a backup analog transmitter belonging to KTHV; it later received permission from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to permanently relocate its analog and digital transmitters to that tower.

RadioEdit

The following radio stations transmit from Shinall Mountain:[6]

Callsign Frequency City of license Format
K241AP 96.1 FM Ferndale Christian
KABF 88.3 FM Little Rock Community
KABZ 103.7 FM Little Rock Sports
KBZU 106.7 FM Benton Sports
KDXE 101.1 FM Cammack Village Conservative talk
KKPT 94.1 FM Little Rock Classic rock
KKSP 93.3 FM Bryant Contemporary Christian
KLRE-FM 90.5 FM Little Rock Classical
KMJX 105.1 FM Conway Classic country
Classic rock (HD2)
KSSN 95.7 FM Little Rock Country
Top 40 (HD2)
KUAR 89.1 FM Little Rock Public radio (News/Talk/Jazz)
KURB 98.5 FM Little Rock Adult contemporary
WXJ55 162.550 MHz Little Rock NOAA Weather Radio

In addition to commercial and non-commercial radio stations, the peak also houses the main office and three repeater transmitters (transmitting at 146.940, 147.300 and 444.200 MHz) belonging to Central Arkansas Radio Emergency Net (CAREN), an emergency communications amateur radio service that collaborates with the emergency management agencies of Little Rock, North Little Rock and Pulaski County and other emergency relief entities in Central Arkansas.[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "SHINALL". NGS Data Sheet. National Geodetic Survey, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, United States Department of Commerce. Retrieved November 1, 2017.
  2. ^ F.W. Allsop (1931). Folklore of Romantic Arkansas, Vol. 1. New York: Grolier Society.
  3. ^ "Shinall Mountain". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved November 24, 2017.
  4. ^ "Antenna Structure Registration 1036555". FCCInfo.com. Retrieved February 14, 2022.
  5. ^ "Antenna Structure Registration Search Results Within 15 Kilometers of 34-47-57.0 and 92-30-00.0". FCCInfo.com. Retrieved February 14, 2022.
  6. ^ a b "Shinall Mountain (AR) TV Stations". RabbitEars.info. Retrieved February 14, 2022.
  7. ^ "Central Arkansas Radio Emergency Network (CAREN)". Central Arkansas Library System. Retrieved February 14, 2022.