Sheena (film)

Sheena, also known as Sheena: Queen of the Jungle, is a 1984 fantasy-adventure film based on a comic-book character that first appeared in the late 1930s, Sheena, Queen of the Jungle.[2]

Sheena
TanyaSheena.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byJohn Guillermin
Produced byPaul Aratow
Yoram Ben-Ami
Written byLorenzo Semple Jr.
David Newman
Story byDavid Newman
Leslie Stevens
Based onSheena, Queen of the Jungle
by W. Morgan Thomas
Starring
Music byRichard Hartley
CinematographyPasqualino De Santis
Edited byRay Lovejoy
Distributed byColumbia Pictures
Release date
  • 17 August 1984 (1984-08-17)
Running time
117 minutes
CountriesKenya
United States
United Kingdom
LanguagesEnglish
Swahili
Budget$25 million[1]
Box office$5,778,353

A hybrid of action-adventure and soap opera–style drama, Sheena was shot on location in Kenya. It tells the tale of a female version of Tarzan who was raised in the fictional African country of Tigora by the fictional Zambouli tribe.

The film starred Tanya Roberts, Ted Wass, and Trevor Thomas. It was directed by John Guillermin and written by Lorenzo Semple Jr., who had previously collaborated on the 1976 remake of King Kong.

Released by Columbia Pictures on 17 August 1984, Sheena bombed in theaters and was nominated for five Golden Raspberry Awards including Worst Picture, Worst Actress (Tanya Roberts), Worst Director, Worst Screenplay, and Worst Musical Score, but it did find some cult success on home video and DVD. Since then, it has been considered a cult film.

PlotEdit

While investigating rumors of a mystical "healing earth" whose powers are said to flow forth from the sacred Gudjara Mountain, geologists Philip and Betsy Ames (Michael Shannon and Nancy Paul are killed in a cave-in, leaving their young daughter Janet an orphan. Janet is adopted by Shaman, a woman of the native Zambouli tribe (Princess Elizabeth of Toro), and because of a prophecy about the cave-in ("when the sacred mountain cries out"), she is viewed as a child of the gods and renamed Sheena, Queen of the Jungle.

As she grows up, Sheena (Tanya Roberts) learns much from Shaman about the lore of the jungle and the ways of all its creatures. She is even entrusted with the secret of telepathic communication with the animals. Outsiders rarely disturb their territory, since that part of Tigora is under the special protection of King Jabalani (Clifton Jones).

Trouble is brewing in Tigora, though; the King's ex-football champion younger brother Prince Otwani (Trevor Thomas) is conspiring with his brother's fiancée, Countess Zanda (France Zobda), to have Jabalani assassinated so they can exploit the titanium-rich Zambouli land. (This may or may not have something to do with the healing properties of the soil, but this is never explained).

Experiencing a vision foretelling the death of the king, Shaman hastens to Tigora's capital of Azan to try to warn him, but is arrested by corrupt police officers working for Zanda.

Otwani's old "friend", reporter Vic Casey (Ted Wass), and his cameraman Fletch Agronsky (Donovan Scott) are in Tigora to do a story on the former football player. When King Jabalani is killed and Shaman is framed for it, Vic and Fletch realize they are on to a much bigger story than they had anticipated.

Heading to a remote prison compound to interview Shaman, they bear witness to her rescue by Sheena and her animal friends: "Chango", an elephant; "Marika", a zebra; and "Tiki", a chimpanzee. As they escape back into the jungle after destroying the prison, Vic and Fletch follow. Soon after, however, Shaman dies of injuries.

Otwani obtains the services of Colonel Jorgensen (John Forgeham) and his small army of soldier mercenaries, the Black Berets. Their mission is to eradicate the Zambouli people so their territory will be open for strip-mining. Vic must join forces with Sheena to stop the evil prince and his army, and along the way, Vic and Sheena fall in love.

The climax of the film takes place on the African Serengeti. Zanda attempts to shove Sheena on the Zambuli Falls, but the heroine connects telepathically to a bunch of flamingos that attack the helicopter and throw the countess down the waterfalls to her death. Sheena leads her people against the mercenaries and Otwani. Sheena successfully shoots Otwani in the heart with her arrow and fulfills the prophecy, but she is also positioned to be hit by Otwani's vehicle. Vic saves her life by crashing into Otwani's vehicle, resulting in severe burn wounds. Vic is healed with the earth, and wants to stay with Sheena, but realizes if he tells his story to the outside world, then other corporations will destroy Sheena's home. Vic and his cameraman Fletch leave on an airplane back to New York. Before leaving, Sheena records a farewell message on his tape recorder, wishing him a safe journey.

And at the end, Sheena takes a ride on Marika.

CastEdit

ProductionEdit

DevelopmentEdit

In 1974, a friend of documentary filmmaker Paul Aratow suggested to him that the comic book Sheena would make a good film. Aratow thought, "Something went off in my head – I realised that it was a most commercial idea, it had action and a sexy, mythic Earth goddess type who was actually one of the true comic-book heroines."[4] Aratow bought the rights, set up a production company with Alan Rinzler, and succeeded in interesting Universal Pictures with Raquel Welch attached to play the lead.[5]

"At first it looked incredibly easy", Aratow says in the interview. "After only two months I had an office at the studio and Raquel Welch was going to play Sheena."[4] Robert and Laurie Dillon wrote a script that took a tongue-in-cheek approach to the material. Universal invested around $65,000 in the project. The studio then decided not to proceed with the movie.[4]

The producers then took the project to Filmways, where then-head of production Ed Feldman wanted "to create an out-and-out adventure story, with humour, of course, but basically an elaborate adventure."[6] Feldman had a poster designed illustrating his idea and showed it to Mike Medavoy of United Artists, who agreed to finance a new script. Michael Scheff and David Spector did a screenplay. Raquel Welch, who had been Universal's choice for the role, was still a possibility, but Feldman said, "at this point we have no actress in mind. I wouldn't say we wouldn't go to Raquel Welch, but I wouldn't want to rule out a worldwide search, either."[6]

When Mike Medavoy left United Artists, the project went into turnaround. Aratow now owed $65,000 to Universal and $85,000 to United Artists for the money they put in the project.[4]

Aratow took Sheena to Avco-Embassy, which did a search for possible stars, then also passed. "I realised they just didn't have any money", said Aratow.[4]

ColumbiaEdit

Eventually in 1980, Columbia's head of production Frank Price agreed to finance the movie Sheena with a budget from $7 to 10 million. Bo Derek was mentioned as a possible star, but Aratow says, "all reasonable casting suggestions are welcome".[7]

"Girls today need superheroes", said Aratow. "I have a daughter, who is six, who needs someone to look up to. And I want Sheena to be that superhero. I also want Sheena to be a character that parents will want to send their kids to see, and the type of picture that parents can go see with their children."[7]

ScriptEdit

"The comic-book concept was hopelessly outdated," said Aratow. "It involved the killing of endangered species and also had racist overtones. We decided to create our own interpretation of Sheena, Queen of the Jungle. She is a modern, contemporary woman . She is much more cognizant of ecology. She is much less violent. Sheena is an '80s film, so Sheena is an '80s woman living in the jungle. She is in tune with the natural order."[8]

The first writer at Columbia was Leslie Stevens. "Leslie took the story in a fantasy direction, involving a Chariots of the Gods concept," said Aratow. "It was an interesting job, but it didn't meet with studio enthusiasm. Columbia didn't want to deal with Sheena as a magical phenomenon. The execs felt the basic material was already so fantastic, that the best way to play it was naturalistic. But they believed in the property enough to commission yet another script, and start all over again."[9]

Columbia then financed a script from David Newman who had written Superman (1978). This script took a year to write. "His screenplay was worth waiting for, though, because it was more realistic and worked out much better," said Aratow.[10]

Newman said he was interested in the concept of the "white goddess... that idea which appears again and again in legend— this 'Miranda' or 'Eve-like' innocent creature who lives in perfect harmony with animals and with the land — a kind of ecological superperson. I wanted to explore how that kind of person would fare in today's Africa, an Africa with places like Uganda and people like Idi Amin."[11]

Tanya Roberts, who would play the role, said David Newman came up with the basis of the story. "I preferred his script, because it was the best in terms of character development," she said.[12] The script was rewritten by Dean Riesner, whom Roberts says, "totally changed David's script. It lost all its charm and romance. It was a mistake; it didn't work at all. Riesner may be good at action, but he isn't good at character development." [13]

When John Guillermin became the director, he felt like it needed "something more", so they hired Guillermin's old friend Lorenzo Semple, Jr., who had worked with the director on King Kong (1976).

Guillermin later said, "Unlike the Kong films, Sheena for me had some great possibilities. I saw the character of Sheena as sort of an ethereal person. It would have made the film more of a fairy tale, but, of course, it didn't quite go that route."[14]

Roberts says Semple "went back to David's original script. He switched things around a bit, added excitement, and speeded up the pace to make it more intense, but he never changed any of David's characters."[15]

CastingEdit

Among those considered for the lead were reportedly Sandahl Bergman, Cheryl Ladd, Sybil Danning, Susan Mechsner, and Christie Brinkley.[14] Tanya Roberts was then best known for appearing in the last season of Charlie's Angels and for playing the lead in The Beastmaster, as well as posing nude in Playboy. Roberts said, "As soon as I heard about the project, I said: 'This part must be mine.' I bugged the casting lady at Columbia Pictures for months. Finally, I met the director, John Guillermin, but he wasn't too impressed with me. I begged for another interview. I saw him again, and said: 'If you don't give me a bloody screen test, I'll slash my wrists, and it will be your fault. You'll have my death on your hands.' I don't know if that pushed him over the edge, but he agreed to test me."[16]

Roberts said she tested against "about 15 models. They were very beautiful, but they couldn't act. Their tests were horrendous— they couldn't cry, they couldn't shout, they couldn't do anything...I felt very confident about getting the role. I have been in this business for 14 years, and have paid a lot of dues. I know what I'm capable of. I was the only one who could act, who looked right, who could do the stunts. I tested again in a blonde wig, and I got the part." [17]

The producer said they tested over 2,000 girls adding, "[Farrah] Fawcett and [Cheryl] Ladd were discussed years ago, but they would be ridiculous in the role now. We never gave serious thought to Bergman. Mechsner's casting was entirely her own invention. And Danning was never seriously considered. She is wrong in terms of age and physical appearance. Frankly, I think Tanya is hotter than all of them — in addition to being stunningly beautiful and having the world's greatest body." [18]

Roberts' casting was announced in May 1983.[19] She says she trained for 10 months for the role, but did not read any of the comic books in preparation, as she felt they were too campy. "I wanted her to be a real person in a real situation." she said. [20]

Ted Wass claims he originally turned down the male lead:

It's one of those pictures that everyone had a bit of a cackle about. Then I had a great meeting with Lorenzo Semple, one of the screenwriters, and I could see that a lot of guys were taking this picture very seriously. I went over to Africa and I met John Guillermin, the director, and he embraced all my ideas about strengthening and broadening the character. I thought if you were going to have a heroine, a fabulous figure like Sheena, she'd have to fall in love with someone who was as great from his own element – it wouldn't work if she fell in love with a schmuck. John agreed. He's a tough cookie and uncompromising in his vision. He either says, 'That's a pile of crap and it won't be in my picture,' or he goes for it. I think John, who also made King Kong, takes fantastic stories and then grounds them in a reality he finds a lot of time in the geographic locations.[21]

ShootingEdit

Filming began 21 August 1983.[4] The film was shot over 7 months. Various production problems associated with shooting on location were encountered. Ted Wass (Vic Casey) recalled, in the article "Man on the Spot" (an article about executive producer Yoram Ben-Ami, also found in the Super Special), "Making a movie is like going to war. You can be the greatest general in the world, but if you don't have a good army, you're going to lose the battle." The film's multitude of animals were managed by Hubert Wells, who recalled, "We flew over an elephant, a rhino, five lions, four leopards, four chimpanzees, five horses, and 16 birds. It was the largest shipment of animals back to Africa and just getting all the necessary permits to bring them in and out of the country was a superhuman task." Wells had few problems with the trained animals, but the crew did have some with wild animals that would come onto the set, in particular wild lions that would try to start fights with the tamed ones. Guards had to be posted on the set at night to keep them away. Despite this, Wells was quoted as saying that he enjoyed working on the picture so much, he hoped for a sequel, which of course never came.

Wass says Tanya Roberts "was always in great shape, but she made her body even more magnificent by working out... She brought an athleticism to the movie few actresses could match; physically, she was always on the money, and even though there was a lot of pressure on her, she came through."[21]

Roberts found filming physically grueling and was injured a number of times. She called Guillermin "the most difficult director I've ever worked with, because he is such a perfectionist. He kills you when he's directing, but he does get a performance. Whatever our differences, I believe John was the absolute right director for Sheena. He has passion and a great vision. He didn't want crap. He wanted a very special film that would still be commercial, and I think he got it. Under his hard exterior, John is really very sensitive. He has great insight into the character. He was very responsive to my ideas. He is a mother to work for, and there was a lot of crying on the set, but he got the job done."[22]

Aratow said after filming that Guillermin was "very difficult to deal with. He is very opinionated, and doesn't want to be told anything by anybody. That may or may not be good for the movie. I shouldn't comment any further at this stage, because what I have to say is not kind. But I really don't need to say anything else. All you have to do is speak to the people who I have worked with him. My feelings about John Guillermin are widely shared."[23]

"It's not a picture that I'm ashamed of in any way," said Guillermin. "I did some work in Sheena that I feel good about. Unfortunately, the film wasn't a success. It was not well-received. There were things that went wrong on the picture. But I don't want to dwell on them." [14]

During shooting, Guillermin's son Michael died in a car accident in California. The director flew back from Kenya for the funeral, then returned to Africa to complete the film.[24]

ReceptionEdit

Box officeEdit

Sheena was a box-office bomb, grossing less than $6 million, against a $25 million budget.

Critical responseEdit

Critical reviews of the film were generally negative. On the television program At the Movies with Gene Siskel and Roger Ebert, Sheena received two thumbs down. Ebert commented that "This movie is rated PG, not PG-13. It's probably the only PG-rated movie that will play continuously on the Playboy Channel—you see more of Tanya Roberts than you did of last month's playmate." They later listed Sheena as one of the "Stinkers of 1984."[citation needed] Film critic and historian Leonard Maltin seemed to agree, rating the film as a bomb and stating: "Tanya definitely swings as W. Morgan Thomas's comic-book jungle-queen, but Mother Nature forgot to endow her with a script. Supposed to be campy, but it doesn't work even on that level; both the cinematography and the music belong in a much better picture." [25]

The New Yorker film critic Pauline Kael was among the very few critics who liked the film. Calling it a "lighthearted, slightly loony adventure film, there are some good silly gags, and the animals look relaxed even in their dizziest slapstick scenes. And the picture certainly never starves the eye; the cinematography is by the celebrated Pasqualino De Santis." (DeSantis had previously won an Oscar for his work on Franco Zeffirelli's Romeo & Juliet.) Kael even had some (qualified) kind words for the star: "Tanya Roberts is too tense and earnest for her blond-goddess, queen-of-the-jungle role. Yet she has the face of a ballerina, with a prodigious slim and muscular form. She also gazes into space with exquisitely-blank, pale-blue eyes. She's pretty funny when she presses her fingers against the center of her forehead, in order to summon legions of waterbucks or swarms of tall birds."[26]

Filmink argued "it’s terrific. It looks gorgeous, was beautifully shot on location, has a wonderful score, the script flies along, and Guillermin’s direction is excellent. Tanya Roberts’ method-like intensity takes some getting used to but once you tune in, she’s great fun and has the body of an athlete; Ted Wass is an engaging hero, handsome and a bit klutzy, but an ideal partner (as in King Kong, Guillermin never loses sight of the central love story)."[27]

On Rotten Tomatoes the film has a score of 30% based on reviews from 10 critics.[28]

SoundtrackEdit

A soundtrack album of music composed and conducted by Richard Hartley for the film was released in 1984. It was reissued on CD by Varèse Sarabande in 2004, separating the first track into two parts ("Theme" and "Interlude").

  1. Sheena's Theme (Main Title) (2:52)
  2. Interlude (0:40)
  3. Introduction / One Way Ticket (6:15)
  4. Climb! / Young Sheena (5:58)
  5. Marika and the Water Deer (2:14)
  6. African Ballet (1:53)
  7. The Encounter (3:36)
  8. Shaman Taught Me (1:58)
  9. The Circle (1:13)
  10. Come on Vic Casey (2:20)
  11. May I (1:43)
  12. End Title (2:59)

Home mediaEdit

Sheena has been released on Region 1 DVD three times by Sony Pictures Home Entertainment. A dual-sided DVD with anamorphic widescreen and "full screen" presentations in 2001, and a single-sided DVD with only the full screen presentation in 2004. Both releases have the same ISBN 0-7678-6822-6 and SKU 0-43396-06535-2 and can be distinguished from each other only by the discs themselves or by the date and "Special Features" list on the back cover. The packaging does not indicate if the full-screen presentation is pan and scan or open matte.

The single-sided full-screen DVD was also included in a 2008 "Triple Feature" release, along with You Light Up My Life and Princess Caraboo. A high-definition digital version of Sheena is available through various services.

The film was released as part of the Sheena: Queen of the Jungle Collection DVD set by Mill Creek Entertainment on August 15, 2017 that contained that along with both seasons of Sheena, as well as 5 bonus episodes of the 1950s TV series.[29] Mill Creek also released the film's individual Blu-ray on March 26, 2019.

Comic adaptationEdit

Around the time the film came out, Marvel Comics published an adaptation of the film as Marvel Super Special #34, written by Cary Burkett and illustrated by Gray Morrow.[30] It followed the story of the film very closely, and developed the character of Fletch the cameraman quite a bit more than in the film, in particular revealing his surname to be "Agronsky". The comic also had several pages in the back about the making of the film. One noteworthy difference between the film and the comic concerns the ethnicity of Otwani's troops. In the film, they are all white. In the comic, the only white soldiers are Colonel Jorgenson and the helicopter pilot (identified as Joe), while all of the others are of African descent, including the featured soldiers.

New editions of the comic books were first published by Devil's Due, then the comic book publication was licensed to Moonstone by Galaxy Publishing, Inc. This latest version of the comic book is now (2012) being published.

RemakeEdit

According to Deadline, Millennium Films were planning a Sheena reboot. The studio closed down shortly after.[31]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Sheena (1984) – Financial Information". The Numbers.
  2. ^ Wilson, Staci Layne (2007). Animal Movies Guide. Running Free Press. p. 17. ISBN 9780967518534.
  3. ^ Aluru, Lawrence (3 June 2014). "'Idi Amin actor' passes on aged 70". The Standard. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Caulfield, Deborah (18 April 1983). "Film Clips: Turn Around and You're 'Sheena'". Los Angeles Times. p. j1.
  5. ^ Murphy, Mary. (17 December 1975). "Fox's 'Lucky Lady' at Loose Ends: Call Sheet". Los Angeles Times. p. h19.
  6. ^ a b Kilday, Gregg (3 August 1977). "Film Clips: Tarzan! Superman! Now Sheena!". Los Angeles Times. p. h7.
  7. ^ a b Epstein, Andrew (4 May 1980). "Back in the Jungle for 'Sheena'?". Los Angeles Times. p. s27.
  8. ^ Swires June 1984 p 46
  9. ^ Swires June 1984 p 46
  10. ^ Swires June 1984 p 46
  11. ^ Boyer, Da Marie; O'Neill, Patrick Daniel (August 1983). "David and Leslie Newman super screenwriters". Starlog. p. 66.
  12. ^ Swires Sept 1984 p 63
  13. ^ Swires Sept 1984 p 63
  14. ^ a b c Goldman, Lowell (November 1990). "Lord of Disaster". Starlog. p. 70.
  15. ^ Swires Sept 1984 p 63
  16. ^ Swires Sept 1984 p 61
  17. ^ Swires Sept 1984 p 62
  18. ^ Swires June 1984 p 67
  19. ^ Caulfield, Deborah (2 May 1983). "Film Clips: Casting Fates to the Wind". Los Angeles Times. p. g1.
  20. ^ Swires Sept 1984 p 62
  21. ^ a b Scott, Jay (10 August 1984). "After the cackling, Wass is won over". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. p. E.1.
  22. ^ Swires Sept 1984 p 63
  23. ^ Swires June 1984 p 46
  24. ^ Guillermin, John (2020). "CHAPTER 2 DEO PROFUNDIS". In Guillermin, Mary (ed.). John Guillermin: The Man, The Myth, The Movies. Precocity Press. p. 18.
  25. ^ Maltin's TV, Movie, & Video Guide[ISBN missing]
  26. ^ Pauline Kael (1984). "Sheena". Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  27. ^ Vagg, Stephen (17 November 2020). "John Guillermin: Action Man". Filmink.
  28. ^ "Sheena (1984)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  29. ^ Mill Creek Entertainment: Sheena - Queen of the Jungle Collection
  30. ^ Marvel Super Special #34 at the Grand Comics Database
  31. ^ Busch, Anita (5 September 2017). "'Sheena: Queen Of The Jungle' Reboot Feature In Works At Millennium Films". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 5 September 2017.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit