Shūshoku katsudō (Japanese: 就職活動) is the rigorous employment recruitment process for Japanese university students entering the work world.Shūkatsu (就活), as abbreviated, starts in April each year and ends during the Japanese hiring season each year from August to October. Japanese university students who fail to receive a job offer often must wait a year to repeat the process competing against the following year's graduating students. Those graduates are referred to as shūshoku rōnin (就職浪人), borrowing the term for a masterless samurai. The stress involved has been cited as a factor in suicide in Japan. The shūkatsu system is under strain due to Japan's shrinking population and competition from foreign and nontraditional companies.
- Why Japan’s ‘shūkatsu’ job-seeking system is changing BBC, Mari Shibata, 21 August 2019
- Shukatsu sexism: The Japanese jobseekers fighting discrimination BBC News, Tom Bateman, 17 January 2021
- Akihiko Yonekawa. Beyond Polite Japanese. page 25. Kodansha 2001. ISBN 4-7700-2773-7
- 浪人 at Japanese-English dictionaries: プログレッシブ和英中辞典 Archived 2013-02-18 at Archive.today or ニューセンチュリー和英辞典 Archived 2013-02-19 at Archive.today
- Do stressed millennials spell end for ‘shukatsu’, Japan’s notorious graduate recruitment process? SCMP, Crystal Tai, 22 May 2019