Sergio Onofre Jarpa

Sergio Onofre Jarpa Reyes (8 March 1921 – 19 April 2020) was a Chilean politician who served as a member of the cabinet during the military dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet.

Sergio Onofre Jarpa
Sergio Onofre Jarpa (1965) cropped.jpg
Minister of the Interior
In office
10 August 1983 – 12 February 1985
PresidentAugusto Pinochet
Preceded byEnrique Montero Marx
Succeeded byRicardo García Rodríguez
Member of the Senate
In office
15 May 1973 – 21 September 1973
ConstituencyLIII
In office
11 March 1990 – 11 March 1994
ConstituencyLV
Personal details
Born(1921-03-08)8 March 1921
Rengo, Chile
Died19 April 2020(2020-04-19) (aged 99)
Las Condes
NationalityChilean
Political partyAgrarian Labor Party
(1950-1958)
National Action
(1963-1966)
National Party
(1966-1973)
National Labour Front
(1985-1987)
National Renewal
(1987-1997)
Spouse(s)Silvia Moreno Andwandter (1950s-1978; her death)
Domestic partnerMina Huerta Dunsmore (1980s-present)
RelationsOnofre Jarpa (ancestor)
ChildrenSergio Jr.,
Jorge,
Francisco,
Isabel
ParentsFrancisco Javier Jarpa Santa Cruz (father)
Raquel Reyes Corona (mother)
Alma materUniversity of Chile
OccupationDiplomat, farmer
AwardsPremio al Mérito Geopolítico (1991)

BiographyEdit

Coming from a rural background, he studied agriculture at the University of Chile.[1] He first became involved in politics in the 1950s, initially with the youth movement of the Agrarian Labor Party before becoming involved in the National Action with Jorge Prat.[1] He was instrumental in the formation of the National Party in 1966 and served as leader of the opposition to the left-wing government and, from 1971, editor of the anti-socialist journal Tribuna.[1]

Elected to the Senate of Chile in the 1973 election, Jarpa became a diplomat following the 1973 Chilean coup d'état, serving as a delegate to the United Nations and before becoming ambassador to Colombia (1976-1978) and then Argentina (1978-1983).[1] Jarpa was appointed Minister of the Interior in 1983 with special orders to open dialogue with the opposition, which had organised under the name Democratic Alliance. This policy of appeasement was quickly abandoned by Pinochet however.[2] He held the post until 1985.[1] He formed his own political movement, the National Labour Front (Frente Nacional del Trabajo), in 1985 and this group was one of the three that formed National Renewal two years later.[1] He returned to the Senate as a representative of this new party in 1990.[1]

Alongside his political career Jarpa was a noted author on socio-political topics and he was awarded the Premio al Mérito Geopolítico by the Chilean Institute of Geopolitics in 1991.[1]

He died on 19 April 2020 due to COVID-19.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Library of the Chilean National Congress Biography
  2. ^ Thomas C. Wright & Rody Zunate Oniga, "Chilean Political Exile", Latin American Perspectives, 2007 34: 44
  3. ^ "Entrega de certificados confirman que Sergio Onofre Jarpa murió producto del Covid-19". ADN Radio (in Spanish). 21 April 2020. Retrieved 21 April 2020.