Ministry of the Interior and Public Security (Chile)

The Ministry of the Interior and Public Security (Spanish: Ministerio del Interior y Seguridad Pública) is the cabinet-level office of home affairs in Chile, in charge of "maintaining public order, security and social peace" within the country. It is also charged with planning, directing, coordinating, executing, controlling, and informing the domestic policies formulated by the President of Chile. As responsible for local government, the minister supervises all non-elected regional authorities.

Ministry of the Interior and Public Security
Ministerio del Interior y Seguridad Pública
Coat of Arms of the Ministry of the Interior of Chile.svg
Traditional seal
Logotipo del Ministerio del Interior y Seguridad Pública de Chile.png
Government logo
Agency overview
Formed2011
TypeMinistry
JurisdictionGovernment of Chile
HeadquartersSantiago
Ministers responsible
  • Izkia Siches, Minister of the Interior and Public Security
  • Juan Francisco Galli, Undersecretary of the Interior
  • María Paz Troncoso Pulgar, Undersecretary of Regional Development
  • María José Gómez, Undersecretary of Crime Prevention
Child agencies
WebsiteOfficial website (in Spanish)

Izkia Siches has served as Minister of the Interior and Public Security since 11 March 2022;[1][2] she is the first woman to hold this position.[3] Her Undersecretary of the Interior is Juan Francisco Galli and the Undersecretary of Regional Development is María Paz Troncoso Pulgar. In the absence (because of travel, death, or other impediment) of the president of Chile, the Minister of the Interior becomes "vice president"; however, this is not a true vice presidential position, but rather a position of a designated acting president, as the post of Vice President of Chile has no existence independent from the Ministership of the Interior since 1833.

HistoryEdit

During the first days of the independence movements, the senior "secretary" of the respective Junta would function as the Secretary of Government. The office officially first came to be on 27 October 1812, when it was one of the two secretariats created by the Constitutional Norms approved on that date. It was then named Secretariat of the Interior. It was abolished in 1814 by the Spanish authorities when, after the Battle of Rancagua, they re-asserted royal power.

In 1818, after independence, the secretariat was re-established, but this time as a "Ministry of Government" (1817–18) later renamed "Ministry of the Interior and Foreign Affairs" (1829–71). During this period, its functions normally subsumed the future Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which was separated as an independent government administration in 1871. This ministry has undergone several reorganizations during its long history, reflected in its different names:

  • Ministry of Government (1817–18)
  • Ministry of Government and Foreign Affairs (1818–29)
  • Ministry of the Interior and Foreign Affairs (1829–71)
  • Ministry of the Interior (1871–2011)
  • Ministry of the Interior and Public Security (2011–present)

The function of chief of government was unofficially assumed by the Minister of the Interior and Public Security (1891–1925).

List of MinistersEdit

Patria Vieja periodEdit

Picture Name Entered office Exited office Notes Appointed by
  José Gaspar Marín Esquivel 18 September 1810 4 July 1811 Served concurrently Government Junta
of the Kingdom of Chile
  José Gregorio Argomedo Montero
Manuel Joaquín de Valdivieso Maciel 10 August 1811 4 September 1811 Second Junta
  Agustín Vial Santelices 4 September 1811 15 November 1811 Served concurrently Third Junta
  José Gregorio Argomedo Montero
  Manuel Rodríguez Erdoíza 16 December 1811 2 April 1812 Fifth Junta
  Agustín Vial Santelices 2 April 1812 2 October 1812 Sixth Junta
27 October 1812 1 April 1813 Secretary of the Interior
  Manuel de Salas Corbalán 1 April 1813 13 April 1813 Served concurrently Government Junta
of Chile (April 1813)
  Mariano Egaña Fabres
13 April 1813 9 March 1814 Secretary of Government
José María Villareal 14 March 1814 23 July 1814 Secretary of Government Francisco de la Lastra
  Bernardo de Vera y Pintado 23 July 1814 10 August 1814 Secretary of Government and Finance Government Junta
of Chile (July 1814)
  Manuel Rodríguez Erdoíza 10 August 1814 2 October 1814 Secretary of Government and Finance

Ministers of Government and Foreign AffairsEdit

Picture Name Entered office Exited office Notes Appointed by
  Miguel Zañartu y Santa María 18 February 1817 1 August 1818 Bernardo O'Higgins
  Antonio José de Irisarri Alonso 1 August 1818 30 October 1818
Joaquín Echeverría Larraín 30 October 1818 28 January 1823
  Mariano Egaña Fabres 28 January 1823 12 July 1824 Government Junta
  Francisco Antonio Pinto Díaz 12 July 1824 22 February 1825 Ramón Freire
  Francisco Ramón Vicuña Larraín 22 February 1825 18 June 1825
Juan de Dios Vial del Río 18 June 1825 9 October 1825
  Joaquín Campino Salamanca 9 October 1825 8 March 1826
  Ventura Blanco Encalada 8 March 1826 20 October 1826
  Manuel José Gandarillas Guzmán 20 October 1826 8 March 1827 Agustín Eyzaguirre
José Miguel del Solar Marín 8 March 1827 13 December 1827 Ramón Freire
Carlos Rodríguez Erdoyza 13 December 1827 16 July 1829 Francisco Antonio Pinto
Melchor José Ramos Font 16 July 1829 9 November 1829 Francisco Ramón Vicuña
José Nicolás de la Cerda Santiago Concha 9 November 1829 7 December 1829

Ministers of the Interior and Foreign AffairsEdit

Picture Name Entered office Exited office Notes Appointed by
  Juan Francisco Meneses Echanes 20 February 1830 5 April 1830 Francisco Ruiz-Tagle
  Diego Portales Palazuelos 5 April 1830 31 August 1831 Appointed by José Tomás Ovalle
Reappointed by Fernando Errázuriz Aldunate
  Ramón Errázuriz Aldunate 31 August 1831 17 May 1832 José Joaquín Prieto Vial
  Joaquín Tocornal Jiménez 17 May 1832 9 November 1835
  Diego Portales Palazuelos 9 November 1835 6 June 1837 Interim
  Joaquín Tocornal Jiménez 7 June 1837 25 July 1840
  Manuel Montt Torres 25 July 1840 27 March 1841
  José Miguel Yrarrázaval Alcalde 27 March 1841 19 May 1841
  Ramón Luis Yrarrázaval Alcalde 19 May 1841 10 April 1845 Appointed by
Reappointed by Manuel Bulnes
  Manuel Montt Torres 10 April 1845 18 September 1846
  Manuel Camilo Vial Formas 18 September 1846 12 June 1849
  José Joaquín Pérez Mascayano 12 June 1849 19 April 1850
  Antonio Varas de la Barra 19 April 1850 18 September 1856 Appointed by
Reappointed by Manuel Montt
Francisco Javier Ovalle Bezanilla 29 September 1857 18 September 1856
  Jerónimo Urmeneta García-Abello 29 September 1857 1 May 1860
  Antonio Varas de la Barra 1 May 1860 18 September 1861
  Manuel Alcalde Velasco 18 September 1861 9 July 1862 José Joaquín Pérez Mascayano
  Manuel Antonio Tocornal y Grez 9 July 1862 10 May 1864
  Alvaro Covarrubias Ortúzar 10 May 1864 8 September 1866 Minister of the Interior
8 September 1866 26 September 1867
  Francisco Vargas Fontecilla 26 September 1867 13 November 1868
  Miguel Luis Amunátegui Aldunate 13 November 1868 2 August 1870
  Belisario Prats Pérez 2 August 1870 18 September 1871
  Eulogio Altamirano Aracena 18 September 1871 2 December 1871 Federico Errázuriz Zañartu

Ministers of the InteriorEdit

Picture Name Entered office Exited office Notes Appointed by
  Eulogio Altamirano Aracena 2 December 1871 18 September 1876 Federico Errázuriz Zañartu
  José Victorino Lastarria Santander 18 September 1876 27 October 1877 Aníbal Pinto Garmendia
  Pedro Vicente Reyes Palazuelos 27 October 1877 5 August 1878
  Belisario Prats Pérez 5 August 1878 17 April 1879
  Antonio Varas de la Barra 17 April 1879 20 August 1879
  Domingo Santa María González 20 August 1879 16 June 1880
  Manuel José Recabarren Rencoret 16 June 1880 18 September 1881
  José Francisco Vergara 18 September 1881 12 April 1882 Domingo Santa María
  José Manuel Balmaceda Fernández 12 April 1882 3 September 1885
  Ramón Barros Luco 3 September 1885 22 October 1885
  José Ignacio Vergara Urzúa 22 October 1885 18 September 1886
  Eusebio Lillo Robles 18 September 1886 30 November 1886 José Manuel Balmaceda
  Carlos Antúnez González 30 November 1886 28 June 1887
  Aníbal Zañartu Zañartu 28 June 1887 13 April 1888
  Pedro Lucio Cuadra Luque 13 April 1888 2 November 1888
  Ramón Barros Luco 2 November 1888 11 June 1889
Demetrio Lastarria Villarreal 11 June 1889 23 October 1889
Ramón Donoso Vergara 23 October 1889 7 November 1889
  Mariano Sánchez Fontecilla 7 November 1889 21 January 1890
  Adolfo Ibáñez Gutiérrez 21 January 1890 30 May 1890
  Enrique Salvador Sanfuentes Andonaegui 30 May 1890 7 August 1890
  Belisario Prats Pérez 7 August 1890 15 October 1890
  Claudio Vicuña Guerrero 15 October 1890 12 March 1891
  Domingo Godoy Cruz 12 March 1891 29 March 1891
  Julio Bañados Espinoza 29 March 1891 29 August 1891
  Manuel José Yrarrázaval Larraín 7 September 1891 31 December 1891 Revolutionary Junta of Iquique
  Ramón Barros Luco 31 December 1891 14 March 1892 Jorge Montt Álvarez
  Eduardo Matte Pérez 14 March 1892 9 July 1892
  Ramón Barros Luco 9 July 1892 22 April 1893
  Pedro Montt Montt 22 April 1893 26 April 1894
  Enrique Mac-Iver Rodríguez 26 April 1894 7 December 1894
  Ramón Barros Luco 7 December 1894 1 August 1895
  Manuel José Recabarren Rencoret 1 August 1895 24 November 1895
  Osvaldo Rengifo Vial 24 November 1895 18 September 1896
  Aníbal Zañartu Zañartu 18 September 1896 26 November 1896 Federico Errázuriz Echaurren
  Carlos Antúnez González 26 November 1896 26 June 1897
  Augusto Orrego Luco 26 June 1897 25 August 1897
Antonio Valdés Cuevas 25 August 1897 14 April 1898
  Carlos Walker Martínez 14 April 1898 27 June 1899
Raimundo Silva Cruz 27 June 1899 2 September 1899
  Rafael Sotomayor Gaete 2 September 1899 27 November 1899
  Elías Fernández Albano 27 November 1899 3 November 1900
  Mariano Sánchez Fontecilla 3 November 1900 27 December 1900
Juan Antonio Orrego 27 December 1900 14 March 1901
Domingo Amunátegui Rivera 14 March 1901 1 May 1901
  Aníbal Zañartu Zañartu 14 March 1901 12 July 1901
  Luis Martiniano Rodríguez Herrera 12 July 1901 18 September 1901 Interim Aníbal Zañartu Zañartu
  Ramón Barros Luco 18 September 1901 19 November 1901 Germán Riesco Errázuriz
  Ismael Tocornal Tocornal 19 November 1901 6 May 1902
  Ramón Barros Luco 6 May 1902 20 November 1902
  Elías Fernández Albano 20 November 1902 4 April 1903
  Ramón Barros Luco 4 April 1903 10 June 1903
  Rafael Sotomayor Gaete 10 June 1903 1 September 1903
  Ricardo Matte Pérez 1 September 1903 23 October 1903
  Arturo Besa Navarro 23 October 1903 10 January 1904
  Rafael Valentín Errázuriz Urmeneta 10 January 1904 12 March 1904
  Manuel Egidio Ballesteros 12 March 1904 12 April 1904
  Rafael Sotomayor Gaete 12 April 1904 30 October 1904
  Emilio Bello Codesido 30 October 1904 18 March 1905
  José Rafael Balmaceda Fernández 18 March 1905 1 August 1905
Juan Antonio Orrego 1 August 1905 21 October 1905
  Miguel Cruchaga Tocornal 21 October 1905 19 March 1906
  José Ramón Gutiérrez Martínez 19 March 1906 7 May 1906
Manuel Salinas González 7 May 1906 18 September 1906
  Javier Ángel Figueroa Larraín 18 September 1906 29 October 1906 Pedro Montt
  Vicente Santa Cruz Vargas 29 October 1906 12 June 1907
Luis Antonio Vergara Ruiz 12 June 1907 25 October 1907
  Rafael Sotomayor Gaete 25 October 1907 29 August 1908
  Javier Ángel Figueroa Larraín 29 August 1908 22 January 1909
  Eduardo Charme Fernández 22 January 1909 15 June 1909
Enrique Rodríguez Carmona 15 June 1909 15 September 1909
  Ismael Tocornal Tocornal 15 September 1909 25 June 1910
  Agustín Edwards Mac-Clure 25 June 1910 8 July 1910
  Elías Fernández Albano 8 July 1910 9 August 1910
  Luis Izquierdo Fredes 9 August 1910 10 November 1910 Interim Elías Fernández Albano
Enrique Rodríguez Carmona 10 November 1910 23 December 1910 Emiliano Figueroa Larraín
  Maximiliano Ibáñez Ibáñez 23 December 1910 11 January 1911 Ramón Barros Luco
Rafael Orrego González 11 January 1911 15 August 1911
  José Ramón Gutiérrez Martínez 15 August 1911 6 January 1912
  Abraham Ovalle Ovalle 6 January 1912 23 January 1912
  Ismael Tocornal Tocornal 23 January 1912 29 May 1912
  Guillermo Rivera Cotapos 29 May 1912 8 August 1912
  Guillermo Barros Jara 8 August 1912 15 June 1913
  Manuel Rivas Vicuña 15 June 1913 16 November 1913
Rafael Orrego González 16 November 1913 6 September 1914
  Eduardo Charme Fernández 6 September 1914 15 September 1914
  Guillermo Barros Jara 15 September 1914 15 December 1914
  Pedro Nicolás Montenegro 15 December 1914 29 March 1915
Enrique Rodríguez Carmona 29 March 1915 7 June 1915
  Enrique Villegas Echiburú 7 June 1915 15 December 1915
  Guillermo Barros Jara 15 December 1915 23 December 1915
  José Elías Balmaceda Fernández 23 December 1915 8 January 1916 Juan Luis Sanfuentes
  Maximiliano Ibáñez Ibáñez 8 January 1916 1 July 1916
  Luis Izquierdo Fredes 1 July 1916 20 November 1916
  Enrique Zañartu Prieto 20 November 1916 14 July 1917
  Ismael Tocornal Tocornal 14 July 1917 13 October 1917
  Eliodoro Yáñez Ponce de León 13 October 1917 18 January 1918
  Domingo Amunátegui Solar 18 January 1918 22 April 1918
  Arturo Alessandri Palma 22 April 1918 6 September 1918
  Pedro García de la Huerta Izquierdo 6 September 1918 28 November 1918
Armando Quezada Acharán 28 November 1918 3 May 1919
Anselmo Hevia Riquelme 3 May 1919 9 July 1919
Luis Serrano Arrieta 9 July 1919 23 September 1919
  Enrique Bermúdez de la Paz 23 September 1919 8 November 1919
José Florencio Valdés Cuevas 8 November 1919 29 March 1920
  Pedro Nicolás Montenegro 29 March 1920 16 June 1920
  Federico Puga Borne 16 June 1920 1 July 1920
  Pedro García de la Huerta Izquierdo 1 July 1920 23 December 1920
  Pedro Aguirre Cerda 23 December 1920 16 August 1921 Arturo Alessandri
Héctor Arancibia Lazo 16 August 1921 3 November 1921
  Ismael Tocornal Tocornal 3 November 1921 22 March 1922
  Jorge Matte Gormaz 22 March 1922 1 April 1922
  Armando Jaramillo Valderrama 1 April 1922 29 August 1922
  Antonio Huneeus Gana 29 August 1922 16 October 1922
  Luis Izquierdo Fredes 16 October 1922 21 December 1922
  Manuel Rivas Vicuña 21 December 1922 12 January 1923
Francisco Garcés Gana 12 January 1923 16 March 1923
  Cornelio Saavedra Montt 16 March 1923 15 June 1923
Carlos Ruiz Bahamonde 15 June 1923 2 July 1923
  Domingo Amunátegui Solar 2 July 1923 4 January 1924
  Pedro Aguirre Cerda 4 January 1924 1 February 1924
  José Maza Fernández 1 February 1924 25 March 1924
  Cornelio Saavedra Montt 25 March 1924 22 July 1924
  Pedro Aguirre Cerda 22 July 1924 5 September 1924
  Luis Altamirano Talavera 5 September 1924 12 September 1924
Alcibíades Roldán Alvarez 12 September 1924 19 December 1924 September Junta
Rafael Luis Barahona San Martín 19 December 1924 23 January 1925
  Armando Jaramillo Valderrama 29 January 1925 27 August 1925 January Junta
  Francisco Mardones 27 August 1925 1 October 1925 Arturo Alessandri
  Luis Barros Borgoño 1 October 1925 2 October 1925
Manuel Véliz 2 October 1925 23 December 1925 Luis Barros Borgoño
  Maximiliano Ibáñez Ibáñez 23 December 1925 20 November 1926 Emiliano Figueroa
  Manuel Rivas Vicuña 20 November 1926 22 February 1927
  Carlos Ibáñez del Campo 22 February 1927 8 April 1927
Carlos Frödden Lorenzen 8 April 1927 23 May 1927 Carlos Ibáñez del Campo
  Enrique Balmaceda Toro 23 May 1927 5 June 1928
  Guillermo Edwards Matte 5 June 1928 3 September 1929
  Enrique Bermúdez de la Paz 3 September 1929 26 February 1930
David Hermosilla 26 February 1930 5 August 1930
Carlos Frödden Lorenzen 5 August 1930 13 July 1931
  Juan Esteban Montero Rodríguez 13 July 1931 22 July 1931 Minister of the Interior and Social Welfare
Miguel Letelier Espínola 22 July 1931 23 July 1931 Minister of the Interior and Public Education
Carlos Frödden Lorenzen 23 July 1931 26 July 1931
  Juan Esteban Montero Rodríguez 26 July 1931 27 July 1931 Pedro Opazo
Luis Gutiérrez Allende 27 July 1931 7 August 1931 Minister of the Interior and Justice Juan Esteban Montero
  Manuel Trucco Franzani 7 August 1931 20 August 1931
Horacio Hevia Labbé 20 August 1931 3 September 1931 Manuel Trucco
  Marcial Mora Miranda 3 September 1931 7 April 1932
  Víctor Robles Valenzuela 7 April 1932 4 June 1932 Juan Esteban Montero
  Arturo Puga Osorio 4 June 1932 6 June 1932 Socialist Junta
  Rolando Meriño Reyes 6 June 1932 13 June 1932
Arturo Ruiz Maffei 13 June 1932 17 June 1932
  Juan Antonio Ríos Morales 17 June 1932 13 July 1932
Eliseo Peña Villalón 13 July 1932 1 August 1932 Carlos Dávila
Joaquín Fernández y Fernández 1 August 1932 12 September 1932
  Bartolomé Blanche Espejo 12 September 1932 13 September 1932
  Ernesto Barros Jarpa 14 September 1932 2 October 1932 Bartolomé Blanche
  Javier Ángel Figueroa Larraín 3 October 1932 24 December 1932 Abraham Oyanedel
Horacio Hevia Labbé 24 December 1932 7 May 1933 Minister of the Interior and Public Health Arturo Alessandri
  Alfredo Piwonka Jilabert 7 May 1933 19 April 1934 Minister of the Interior and Public Health
Luis Salas Romo 19 April 1934 26 August 1935 Minister of the Interior and Public Health
Luis Cabrera Negrete 26 August 1935 12 September 1936
Matías Silva Sepúlveda 12 September 1936 18 May 1938
Luis Salas Romo 18 May 1938 24 December 1938
  Pedro Alfonso Barrios 24 December 1938 26 December 1939 Pedro Aguirre Cerda
Guillermo Labarca Hubertson 26 December 1939 8 February 1940
  Humberto Alvarez Suárez 8 February 1940 30 July 1940
Guillermo Labarca Hubertson 30 July 1940 23 December 1940
  Arturo Olavarría Bravo 23 December 1940 16 September 1941
  Carlos Valdovinos Valdovinos 16 September 1941 6 October 1941
  Leonardo Guzmán Cortés 6 October 1941 10 November 1941
  Jerónimo Méndez Arancibia 10 November 1941 10 November 1941
  Leonardo Guzmán Cortés 10 November 1941 21 November 1941 Interim Jerónimo Méndez
  Alfredo Rosende Verdugo 21 November 1941 2 April 1942
  Raúl Morales Beltramí 2 April 1942 2 April 1942 Juan Antonio Ríos

Additional informationEdit

See alsoEdit

SourcesEdit

  • República de Chile (1942). "VI. Poder Ejecutivo - Nómina de Gobernantes, Presidentes y Ministros desde la Independencia.". Manual del Senado. 1810-1942 (PDF) (in Spanish). Santiago de Chile: Imprenta Universitaria. (in Spanish)
  • Valencia Avaria, Luis (1986). Anales de la República: textos constitucionales de Chile y registro de los ciudadanos que han integrado los poderes ejecutivo y legislativo desde 1810 (in Spanish) (2ª edición ed.). Santiago de Chile: Editorial Andrés Bello. (in Spanish)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ . BBC Mundo. 11 March 2022 https://www-bbc-com.translate.goog/mundo/noticias-america-latina-60712199?_x_tr_sl=es&_x_tr_tl=en&_x_tr_hl=en&_x_tr_pto=sc. Retrieved 11 March 2022. {{cite news}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ Cambero, Fabian (11 March 2022). "Explainer: Migration, inflation and mining: Chile's Boric faces full in-tray". Reuters. Retrieved 11 March 2022.
  3. ^ "Chile's president-elect unveils young, woman-majority cabinet". France 24. 21 January 2022. Retrieved 11 March 2022.

External linksEdit