Sebastião Salgado

Sebastião Ribeiro Salgado Júnior (born February 8, 1944) is a Brazilian social documentary photographer and photojournalist.[2]

Sebastião Salgado
Sebastião Salgado 02.jpg
Salgado in 2016
Born
Sebastião Salgado

(1944-02-08) February 8, 1944 (age 77)
NationalityBrazilian, French[1]
Known forPhotography
Spouse(s)Lélia Wanick Salgado
ChildrenJuliano Ribeiro Salgado
Rodrigo Salgado
Websiteinstitutoterra.org

He has traveled in over 120 countries for his photographic projects. Most of these have appeared in numerous press publications and books. Touring exhibitions of his work have been presented throughout the world.

Salgado is a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador. He was awarded the W. Eugene Smith Memorial Fund Grant in 1982,[3] Foreign Honorary Membership of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1992[4] and the Royal Photographic Society's Centenary Medal and Honorary Fellowship (HonFRPS) in 1993.[5] He has been a member of the Académie des Beaux-Arts at the Institut de France since April 2016.[6][7]

BiographyEdit

Salgado was born on February 8, 1944 in Aimorés, in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. After a somewhat itinerant childhood, Salgado trained as an economist, earning a BA degree from UFES, a master's degree from the University of São Paulo in Brazil, and a PhD from University of Paris.[8] He began work as an economist for the International Coffee Organization, often traveling to Africa on missions for the World Bank, when he first started seriously taking photographs. He chose to abandon a career as an economist and switched to photography in 1973, working initially on news assignments before veering more towards documentary-type work. Salgado initially worked with the photo agency Sygma and the Paris-based Gamma, but in 1979, he joined the international cooperative of photographers Magnum Photos. He left Magnum in 1994 and with his wife Lélia Wanick Salgado formed his own agency, Amazonas Images, in Paris, to represent his work. He is particularly noted for his social documentary photography of workers in less developed nations.[9] His work resides in Paris.[10]

Salgado works on long term, self-assigned projects, many of which have been published as books: The Other Americas, Sahel, Workers, Migrations, and Genesis. The latter three are mammoth collections with hundreds of images each from all around the world. His most famous pictures are of a gold mine in Brazil called Serra Pelada.[11] He has also been a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador since 2001.[12]

 
Reforestation of Fazenda Bulcão, or Bulcão Farm, by Instituto Terra

Together, Lélia and Sebastião have worked since the 1990s on the restoration of a part of the Atlantic Forest in Brazil. In 1998, they succeeded in turning 17,000 acres into a nature reserve and created the Instituto Terra. The institute is dedicated to a mission of reforestation, conservation and environmental education.[13]

Between 2004 and 2011, Salgado worked on Genesis, aiming at the presentation of the unblemished faces of nature and humanity. It consists of a series of photographs of landscapes and wildlife, as well as of human communities that continue to live in accordance with their ancestral traditions and cultures. This body of work is conceived as a potential path to humanity's rediscovery of itself in nature.[14]

In September and October 2007, Salgado displayed his photographs of coffee workers from India, Guatemala, Ethiopia and Brazil at the Brazilian Embassy in London. The aim of the project was to raise public awareness of the origins of the popular drink.[15]

Salgado and his work are the focus of the film The Salt of the Earth (2014), directed by Wim Wenders and Salgado's son, Juliano Ribeiro Salgado, and produced by Lélia Wanick Salgado. The film won a special award at Cannes Film Festival[16] and was nominated for the best Documentary Feature at the 2015 Academy Awards.[17] It won the 2014 Audience Award at the San Sebastián International Film Festival, the 2015 Audience Award at the Tromsø International Film Festival, and the César Award for Best Documentary Film at the 40th César Awards.

Salgado has photographed the landscape and people of the Amazon rainforest (Amazónia) in Brazil.[18]

AwardsEdit

PublicationsEdit

 
Salgado (left) gives former Brazilian president Lula da Silva his new book in 2006.
  • An Uncertain Grace. Essays by Eduardo Galeano and Fred Ritchin.
    • Salgado, Sebastião; Galeano, Eduardo; Ritchin, Fred; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (1990). An uncertain grace. New York, N.Y: Aperture Foundation. ISBN 978-0-89381-460-1. OCLC 22701623.
    • Salgado, Sebastião; Galeano, Eduardo; Ritchin, Fred (2004). Sebastião Salgado: An uncertain grace. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-28489-6. OCLC 56457689.
  • Workers: Archaeology of the Industrial Age.
  • Salgado, Sebastião; Buarque de Holanda, Francisco; Saramago, José; Landers, Clifford (1997). Terra : struggle of the landless. London: Phaidon Press. ISBN 0-7148-3636-2. OCLC 610974180.
  • Salgado, Sebastião (2000). Migrations : humanity in transition. New York: Aperture. ISBN 978-0-89381-891-3. OCLC 914864396.
  • The Children: Refugees and Migrants. New York, NY: Aperture, 2000. ISBN 978-0-89381-894-4.
  • Sahel: The End of the Road. Oakland, CA: University of California Press, 2004. ISBN 978-0-520-24170-1.
  • Africa. Cologne: Taschen, 2007. ISBN 978-3-8365-2343-1.
  • Genesis. Cologne: Taschen, 2013. ISBN 978-3-8365-3872-5.
  • From my Land to the Planet. Roma: Contrasto, 2014. ISBN 978-88-6965-537-1.
  • The Scent of a Dream: Travels in the World of Coffee. New York: Abrams, 2015. ISBN 978-1-4197-1921-9.
  • Kuwait. A Desert on Fire. Cologne: Taschen, 2016. ISBN 978-3-8365-6125-9.
  • Gold. Cologne: Taschen, 2019. Edited by Lélia Wanick Salgado. ISBN 978-3-8365-7508-9.
  • Amazônia. Cologne: Taschen, 2021. Edited by Lélia Wanick Salgado. ISBN 978-3-8365-8510-1.[18]

FilmographyEdit

ExhibitionsEdit

 
View of Salgado's Genesis exhibition in 2014

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Leur France rêvée. Sebastião Salgado : "Le petit pays aux si grandes idées"". Courrier international. 3 May 2017. Retrieved 2019-02-28.
  2. ^ Hudson, Berkley (2009). Sterling, Christopher H. (ed.). Encyclopedia of Journalism. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE. pp. 1060–67. ISBN 978-0-7619-2957-4.
  3. ^ a b "1982: Recipients: Sebastião Salgado". W. Eugene Smith Memorial Fund. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Mr. Sebastiao Ribeiro Salgado", American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Accessed 13 August 2014.
  5. ^ a b c Royal Photographic Society's Centenary Award Accessed 13 August 2012
  6. ^ TASCHEN. "Academician's Sword for Sebastião Salgado. TASCHEN Books". www.taschen.com. Retrieved 2019-02-07.
  7. ^ "Les photographes Salgado, Barbey et Gaumy élus à l'Académie des beaux-arts". Le Parisien. 2016-04-16.
  8. ^ "Sebastião Salgado". International Center of Photography. 2019-02-02. Retrieved 2021-06-01.
  9. ^ "Biography: Sebastião Salgado". The Guardian. 2004-09-11. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  10. ^ "Sebastiao Salgado - biography". www.unicef.org. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  11. ^ "Sebastião Salgado | The Art of Photography". The Art of Photography. 2015-05-14. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  12. ^ "Sebastião Salgado". UNICEF. 29 April 2005. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
  13. ^ Youchange. "Instituto Terra - Youchange". Youchange (in French). Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  14. ^ "Sebastião Salgado: Genesis". International Center of Photography. 2016-02-23. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  15. ^ "Sebastião Salgado – Genesis | Graphicine". www.graphicine.com. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  16. ^ Das Salz der Erde (2014)", IMDb. Accessed 11 May 2015.
  17. ^ Das Salz der Erde (2014) / Awards Accessed 6 may 2016.
  18. ^ a b "'Paradise exists!': Sebastião Salgado's stunning voyage into Amazônia". The Guardian. 21 June 2021. Retrieved 2021-07-25.
  19. ^ "Sebastião Salgado". Oskar Barnack Award. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
  20. ^ "Sebastião Salgado". Hasselblad Foundation. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
  21. ^ "Sebastião Salgado". Leica Oskar Barnack Award. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
  22. ^ a b c "Sebastião Salgado - The Japan Art Association". The Japan Art Association (in Portuguese). 14 September 2021.
  23. ^ Tecnologías, Developed with webControl CMS by Intermark. "Sebastião Salgado - Laureates - Princess of Asturias Awards - The Princess of Asturias Foundation". The Princess of Asturias Foundation. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  24. ^ SL, EuroWeb Media (2017-01-09). "Sebastião Salgado, Premio de las Artes 1998 | Turismo Asturias". Turismo Asturias (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  25. ^ "Photographic Society of Japan Awards". Photographic Society of Japan. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
  26. ^ Publicista, El (20 July 2007). "La décima edición de PHotoEspaña finaliza con 600.000 visitantes". www.elpublicista.es. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  27. ^ Brazilian photographer Sebastiao Salgado wins German book trade Peace Prize
  28. ^ "Sebastião Salgado: Genesis", Royal Ontario Museum. Accessed 17 August 2014.
  29. ^ Coomes, Phil (10 April 2013). "Sebastiao Salgado's Genesis". BBC News. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
  30. ^ "Sebastião Salgado, Genesis", Paris Photo. Accessed 13 August 2014.
  31. ^ "Genesis", National Museum of Singapore. Accessed 17 August 2014.
  32. ^ "Sebastião Salgado: Genesis". International Center of Photography. 23 February 2016.
  33. ^ "Sebastião Salgado. Génesis. CaixaForum Barcelona". prensa.lacaixa.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  34. ^ "Genesis Photography Exhibition – Sebastião Salgado". Site of Special Things - Travel, Arts & Entertainment. 2014-10-15. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  35. ^ "Sebastião Salgado: Genesis". Tourist website of Prague. 2 June 2017. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  36. ^ "Sebastião Salgado | Genesis | Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam". Nederlands Fotomuseum. Retrieved 2017-07-29.
  37. ^ "Genesis Photography Exhibition – Sebastião Salgado". Site of Special Things - Travel, Arts & Entertainment. 2014-10-15. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  38. ^ "Déclarations, exposition photo Sebastião Salgado". Musée de l'Homme. Retrieved 2019-06-13.
  39. ^ Churm, Philip Andrew (22 May 2021). "Salgado's exhibition highlights Amazon forest destruction". euronews. Retrieved 2021-07-25.

External linksEdit