Sarrant (French pronunciation: ​[saʁɑ̃]) is a commune in the Gers department in southwestern France.

Sarrant
The church in Sarrant
The church in Sarrant
Coat of arms of Sarrant
Location of Sarrant
Sarrant is located in France
Sarrant
Sarrant
Sarrant is located in Occitanie
Sarrant
Sarrant
Coordinates: 43°46′31″N 0°55′48″E / 43.7753°N 0.93°E / 43.7753; 0.93Coordinates: 43°46′31″N 0°55′48″E / 43.7753°N 0.93°E / 43.7753; 0.93
CountryFrance
RegionOccitania
DepartmentGers
ArrondissementCondom
CantonGimone-Arrats
IntercommunalityBastides de Lomagne
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Alain Berthet
Area
1
19.81 km2 (7.65 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[1]
361
 • Density18/km2 (47/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
32416 /32120
Elevation115–192 m (377–630 ft)
(avg. 130 m or 430 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

GeographyEdit

 
Sarrant and its surrounding communes

HistoryEdit

The Philip IV of France (1268 –1314), better known as the Fair or Iron King, set up a charter of customs, which protected the inhabitants and set the living rules in the village community. The charter dated 1265, specified the rights and duties of the residents and the co-lords.[2] According to the charter, consuls headed the royal castrum (fortified camp, rectangular in plan) of Sarrant and not the local Lords.

StructureEdit

The houses of Sarrant create a ring around the central church of the village. This is not a common layout for a Bastide, because in general they were commercial enterprises and the market square was the central element of the village.[3] There are many medieval and half-timbered houses in this village.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1968357—    
1975319−10.6%
1982312−2.2%
1990319+2.2%
1999338+6.0%
2007337−0.3%
2012399+18.4%
2017368−7.8%
Source: INSEE[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  2. ^ "Histoire du village". Sarrant - Gers (in French). 29 July 2008. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  3. ^ "An Introduction to Bastides (PPT), at About The Bastides". John Reps Collection. Cornell University Library. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
  4. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE