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Sarrant is a commune in the Gers department in southwestern France.

Sarrant
Commune
Sarrant 02.JPG
Coat of arms of Sarrant
Coat of arms
Sarrant is located in France
Sarrant
Sarrant
Location within Occitanie region
Sarrant is located in Occitanie
Sarrant
Sarrant
Coordinates: 43°46′31″N 0°55′48″E / 43.7753°N 0.93°E / 43.7753; 0.93Coordinates: 43°46′31″N 0°55′48″E / 43.7753°N 0.93°E / 43.7753; 0.93
CountryFrance
RegionOccitanie
DepartmentGers
ArrondissementCondom
CantonGimone-Arrats
IntercommunalityBastides du Val d'Arrats
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Lucien Calestroupat
Area119.81 km2 (7.65 sq mi)
Population (2008)2329
 • Density17/km2 (43/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code32416 /32120
Elevation115–192 m (377–630 ft)
(avg. 130 m or 430 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Contents

GeographyEdit

 
Sarrant and its surrounding communes

HistoryEdit

The Philip IV of France (1268 –1314), better known as the Fair or Iron King, set up a charter of customs, which protected the inhabitants and set the living rules in the village community. The charter dated 1265, specified the rights and duties of the residents and the co-lords.[1] According to the charter, consuls headed the royal castrum (fortified camp, rectangular in plan) of Sarrant and not the local Lords.

StructureEdit

The houses of Sarrant create a ring around the central church of the village. This is not a common layout for a Bastide, because in general they were commercial enterprises and the market square was the central element of the village.[2] There are many medieval and half-timbered houses in this village.

Population[3]Edit

YearPop.±%
1962440—    
1968357−18.9%
1975319−10.6%
1982312−2.2%
1990319+2.2%
1999338+6.0%
2008329−2.7%

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Histoire du village". Sarrant - Gers (in French). 29 July 2008. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  2. ^ "An Introduction to Bastides (PPT), at About The Bastides". John Reps Collection. Cornell University Library. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
  3. ^ "INSEE - National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies - France". www.insee.fr. Retrieved 20 June 2016.