Sancho I of León

Sancho I, called the Fat (c. 932 – 19 December 966) was a king of León.

Sancho I
Sancho1 tumboa.jpg
A miniature of Sancho I, from the Tumbo A in the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela.
King of León
Reign956–958
PredecessorOrdoño III
SuccessorOrdoño IV
Reign960–966
PredecessorOrdoño IV
SuccessorRamiro III
Bornc. 932
Diedc. December 19, 966
Burial
ConsortTeresa Ansúrez
IssueRamiro III
Urraca
DynastyAstur-Leonese dynasty
FatherRamiro II of León
MotherUrraca Sánchez of Pamplona
ReligionRoman Catholicism
SignatureSancho I's signature

BiographyEdit

He was the son of Ramiro II of León[1] and queen Urraca Sánchez of Pamplona.[2] He was a grandson of Sancho I of Pamplona and Toda Aznárez.

At first, Sancho disputed the throne with Ordoño III who had succeeded their father in 951.[3] Upon Ordoño's death in 956, he took the vacant throne,[4] but only two years later he was deposed by the nobles led by Fernán González of Castile, because of his extreme obesity.[4] He was replaced by Ordoño the Wicked from 958 to 960.[4]

During his exile in Andalus, according to Dozy, Sancho managed to shed at least some portion of his girth under the treatment of Hasdai ibn Shaprut.[5] At the same time, he began endeavouring to reclaim his throne. He first went to his grandmother Toda and asked for aid; next, he concluded a treaty with the Moors and, with the help of the Leonese and Navarrese noblesse, he took Zamora in 959 and took his throne back soon afterwards.[6]

As he did not respect his treaty with the Muslims, he experienced many punishing raids in response. The final years of his reign were characterised by the growing independence of the Castilian and Galician nobility. He was killed by poison[7] and succeeded by his son Ramiro III.[5]


His wife was queen Teresa Ansúrez.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Collins 1983, p. 305.
  2. ^ Collins 2012, p. 253.
  3. ^ Collins 2012, p. 151.
  4. ^ a b c Collins 2012, p. 153.
  5. ^ a b c Collins 2012, p. 154.
  6. ^ Díez 2005, p. 413.
  7. ^ O'Callaghan 1983, p. 125.

SourcesEdit

  • Collins, Roger (1983). Early Medieval Spain, Unity in Diversity. Macmillan.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Collins, Roger (2012). Caliphs and Kings: Spain, 796-1031. Wiley Blackwell.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Díez, Gonzalo Martínez (2005). El condado de Castilla, 711-1038: La Historia Frente a la Leyenda (in Spanish). Vol. I. Marcial Pons Historia.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • O'Callaghan, Joseph F. (1983). A History of Medieval Spain. Cornell University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)


External linksEdit

Preceded by
Ordoño III
King of León
956–958
Succeeded by
Ordoño IV
Preceded by
Ordoño IV
King of León
960–966
Succeeded by
Ramiro III