Samjiyŏn is a city in Ryanggang Province, North Korea. It takes its name from three lakes in the city, which are collectively known as the Samjiyŏn. Samjiyŏn is situated near Mount Paektu, and tour groups fly to the city's airport to see the mountain, which holds significance in North Korean mythology.

Samjiyŏn

삼지연시
Korean transcription(s)
 • Chosŏn'gŭl
 • Hancha
 • McCune-ReischauerSamjiyŏn-si
 • Revised RomanizationSamjiyeon-si
View of Samjiyon in 2008
View of Samjiyon in 2008
Map of Ryanggang showing the location of Samjiyon
Map of Ryanggang showing the location of Samjiyon
Samjiyŏn is located in North Korea
Samjiyŏn
Samjiyŏn
Location within North Korea
Coordinates: 41°48′N 128°19′E / 41.800°N 128.317°E / 41.800; 128.317Coordinates: 41°48′N 128°19′E / 41.800°N 128.317°E / 41.800; 128.317
CountryNorth Korea
ProvinceRyanggang
Administrative divisions10 dong, 4 rodongjagu
Area
 • Total1,326.14 km2 (512.03 sq mi)
Elevation
1,381 m (4,531 ft)
Population
 (2008)
 • Total31,471[1]
 • Dialect
Hamgyŏng
Time zoneUTC+9 (Pyongyang Time)

Many houses and buildings in Samjiyŏn have been upgraded in recent decades, and many new buildings, including a recreational centre for youths, were finished in 2005. Popular activities in Samjiyŏn are skiing and various activities for schoolchildren, who use the surrounding area of Mt. Paektu for various scouting-like operations in conjunction with school-led vacations or outings.

In December 2019, Kim Jong-un opened a completed expansion of the existing township, described by state media as a "modern" city with residences and industrial parks.[2]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Samjiyŏn is divided into 10 dong (neighborhoods) and 4 rodongjagu [ko] (workers' districts):

  • Ikkal-dong (이깔동)
  • Kwangmyŏngsŏng-dong (광명성동)
  • Mubong-dong (무봉동)
  • Ohomultong-dong (5호물동동)
  • Paektusanmiryŏng-dong (백두산밀영동)
  • Pegaebong-dong (베개봉동)
  • P'ot'ae-dong (포태동)
  • Ponnamu-dong (봇나무동)
  • Rimyŏngsu-dong (리명수동)
  • Sinmusŏng-dong (신무성동)
  • Chunghŭng-rodongjagu (중흥로동자구)
  • Hŭnggyesu-rodongjagu (흥계수로동자구)
  • Posŏ-rodongjagu (보서로동자구)
  • T'ongnam-rodongjagu (통남로동자구)

TransportationEdit

AirEdit

Samjiyŏn is served by the Korean People's Air Force along with the national flag carrier Air Koryo which operates scheduled flights and charter services between Samjiyŏn and P'yŏngyang, Wŏnsan and Ch'ŏngjin. In 2005, the airport was closed due to major renovations, which were partially underwritten by the Hyundai corporation.

RailEdit

Samjiyŏn county is served by the narrow-gauge Samjiyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway. Construction of a new, 78 kilometres (48 mi) standard-gauge line from the Pukbunaeryuk Line at Hyesan to Samjiyŏn is underway since 2008, with 80% of the roadbed and 70% of lineside structures being complete as of June 2015;[3] the new terminus station is to be at Chunghŭng-rodongjagu, Samjiyŏn county.[4]

Hyesan No.1/Wangdŏk Railway StationEdit

The current presidential train station is located near Ŭihwa-ri in Poch'ŏn county, Ryanggang, in a very narrow gorge, making aerial attack difficult. The facilities of this station are much more sophisticated than the nearby civilian Hyesan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station.[5] Officially called Hyesan No.1 Railway Station, it is commonly known as Wangdŏk Station due to the original 1985 station having been built only 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from Wangdŏk.[5]

The first station was built in 1985, but as it was easily viewed from China, in 1989 it was destroyed and moved to a second site, 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) north of the current third site. However, on inspecting the completed facilities, Kim Il-sung deemed it unsuitable, as it was in view of China's mountains. Ordering a third rebuild, the second station was taken over by the Samjiyŏn Precision Machinery Factory (the No. 95 Munitions Factory) after completion of the current, third site, in 1992.[5] This third station is located directly on the Paektu Mountain Tourist Road, which gives direct access to Kim Il-sung's palace compound. 20 civilian personnel and two military squads protect the area immediately around the station. During the annual presidential visit in July or August, the entire civilian population is employed to clean the transportation system and local environment.[5]

TourismEdit

The Samjiyon Grand Monument consists of four groups of sculptures called On the Battlefield, Fatherland, Longing, and Forwards.[6]

Presidential palacesEdit

Samjiyŏn has been a holiday resort and destination for two presidents of North Korea. Both Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il have established palaces and compounds in the area, accessed by a specially developed and exclusive railway station for the presidential train.

ClimateEdit

Samjiyon has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dwc) with cool summers and cold, dry winters.

Climate data for Samjiyon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −11.2
(11.8)
−8.7
(16.3)
−2.2
(28.0)
7.4
(45.3)
15.0
(59.0)
18.5
(65.3)
21.4
(70.5)
19.9
(67.8)
15.1
(59.2)
8.3
(46.9)
−1.1
(30.0)
−9.2
(15.4)
6.1
(43.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −17.4
(0.7)
−15.3
(4.5)
−8.4
(16.9)
0.6
(33.1)
7.8
(46.0)
12.4
(54.3)
16.4
(61.5)
14.8
(58.6)
8.8
(47.8)
1.5
(34.7)
−6.9
(19.6)
−15
(5)
−0.1
(31.9)
Average low °C (°F) −23.6
(−10.5)
−21.8
(−7.2)
−14.6
(5.7)
−6.1
(21.0)
0.7
(33.3)
6.3
(43.3)
11.5
(52.7)
9.8
(49.6)
2.5
(36.5)
−5.2
(22.6)
−12.7
(9.1)
−20.8
(−5.4)
−6.2
(20.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 10
(0.4)
11
(0.4)
21
(0.8)
46
(1.8)
72
(2.8)
127
(5.0)
173
(6.8)
172
(6.8)
76
(3.0)
36
(1.4)
23
(0.9)
14
(0.6)
781
(30.7)
Source: Climate-Data.org[7]

SportEdit

It has one of the three speed skating ovals in the country.[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 조선중앙통계국,2008년 인구 조사,2009년.
  2. ^ Shin, Hyonhee (2 December 2019). "North Korea's Kim celebrates completion of 'modern mountainous city'". Reuters. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  3. ^ "Samjiyon Railway Line". North Korean Economy Watch. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  4. ^ "혜산~삼지연 철길, 정치적 의도 내포". Radio Free Asia. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d http://www.dailynk.com/english/read.php?cataId=nk01300&num=2685
  6. ^ Bärtås, Magnus; Ekman, Fredrik (2014). Hirviöidenkin on kuoltava: Ryhmämatka Pohjois-Koreaan [All Monsters Must Die: An Excursion to North Korea] (in Finnish). Translated by Eskelinen, Heikki. Helsinki: Tammi. p. 66. ISBN 978-951-31-7727-0.
  7. ^ "Climate: Samjiyon". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 6 August 2016.
  8. ^ "Rink card of: Icestadion Samji Samjion (Samjiyŏn)". www.speedskatingnews.info. Retrieved 25 June 2018.

External linksEdit