Maulana Sami ul Haq (Urdu: مولانا سمیع الحق, Samī'u’l-Ḥaq; 18 December 1937 – 2 November 2018) was a Pakistani religious scholar and senator. He was known as the Father of Taliban in Pakistan. He was the member of the Senate of Pakistan from 1985 to 1991 and again from 1991 to 1997.
Sami ul Haq
|Chairman of Difa-e-Pakistan Council|
October 2011 – 2 November 2018
|2nd Chancellor of Darul Uloom Haqqania|
7 September 1988 – 2 November 2018
|Preceded by||Abdul Haq|
|Pakistan Senator for North-West Frontier Province|
March 2003 – March 2009
February 1985 – March 1997
|Member of Pakistan Majlis-e-Shoora|
|Born||18 December 1937|
Akora Khattak, British India
|Died||2 November 2018 (aged 80)|
|Cause of death||Assassination, excessive blood loss due to multiple stab wounds|
|Political party||Islami Jamhoori Ittehad |
|Alma mater||Darul Uloom Haqqania|
Sami ul Haq was born on 18 December 1937 in Akora Khattak, North-West Frontier Province of British India (now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan). His father was Moulana Abdul Haq, who was educated at Darul Uloom Deoband in India. He began his education in 1366 AH (1946 or 1947 CE) at Darul Uloom Haqqania, which was founded by his father. He was well versed in Arabic but also used Urdu, the national language of Pakistan, and the regional language of Pashto.
Sami-ul-Haq was regarded as the "Father of the Taliban" and had close ties to Taliban leader Mullah Mohammed Omar. Sami ul Haq was the chancellor of Darul Uloom Haqqania, a Deobandi Islamic seminary which is the alma mater of many prominent Taliban members. Haq served as chairman of the Difa-e-Pakistan Council and was the leader of his own faction of the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam political party, known as JUI-S. Sami ul-Haq was also a founding member of a six-party religious alliance Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal ahead of 2002 general election.
He had also served as a member of the Senate of Pakistan. He formed Muttahida Deeni Mahaz (United Religious Front), an alliance of relatively small religio-political parties, to participate in the 2013 general election.
Haq stated that the US Ambassador to Pakistan, Richard G. Olson, visited him in July 2013 to discuss the situation of the region. Haq sympathized with the Taliban, stating: "Give them just one year and they will make the whole of Afghanistan happy... The whole of Afghanistan will be with them ... Once the Americans leave, all of this will happen within a year... As long as they are there, Afghans will have to fight for their freedom," Haq said. "It's a war for freedom. It will not stop until outsiders leave."
In October 2018, an Afghan delegation comprising Ashraf Ghani government representatives and diplomats stationed in Pakistan, met Samiul Haq asking him to play a role in restoring peace in Afghanistan by bringing the Afghan Taliban back to the dialogue table.
In November 1991, Madam Tahira, a 35-year-old former dancer, who ran a brothel for about nine years was arrested in Islamabad. Officers had raided Tahira's house and arrested her on charges of possession of illegal weapons and liquor. Police said they also seized her diary, which contained a list of clients, and visiting cards of businessmen, leading bureaucrats and Islamabad-based diplomats. She claimed if she would be taken down she would take down others and Tahira claimed her most frequent customers included at least one Cabinet minister and other lawmakers including Maulana Sami ul-Haq. While denying any involvement, Maulana Sami ul-Haq resigned as vice president of the Islamic Democratic Alliance government and as a senator. "I'm innocent. I've been framed by government agencies for opposing official policies," he shouted in the House, but later resigned from office.
After Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan initiated a campaign against polio immunisation, forcing hundreds of thousands of children to miss vaccinations, on 9 December 2013 Maulana Sami ul Haq issued a fatwa in favour of polio vaccination. The fatwa said "vaccination against deadly diseases is helpful in their prevention according to research conducted by renowned medical specialists. It adds that the vaccines used against these diseases are in no way harmful".
On 2 November 2018, Sami-ul-Haq was assassinated at around 7:00 pm PST at his residence in Bahria Town, Rawalpindi. He was stabbed multiple times. He was taken to the nearby Safari Hospital where he was pronounced dead on arrival. The cause of his death was excessive blood loss due to the multiple stabbing. According to his guard, he had intended to join the protests against the acquittal of Asia Bibi in Islamabad, but he could not join it due to road blockage.
On 3 November 2018, he was buried in the premises of Darul Uloom Haqqania in his hometown of Akora Khattak in the afternoon. The funeral prayer was offered at the Khushal Khan Degree College and led by his son Maulana Hamidul Haq. It was attended by a large number of political leaders and his followers. As part of the investigation into his murder, the police questioned his domestic staff.
- "VOICES FROM THE WHIRLWIND: Assessing Musharraf's Predicament - Sami ul-Haq: Powerful Religious Leader". Public Broadcasting Service (US Public TV website). Public Broadcasting Service. March 2004. Retrieved 21 May 2018.
- Ali, Imtiaz (23 May 2007). "The Father of the Taliban: An Interview with Maulana Sami ul-Haq". Spotlight on Terror. The Jamestown Foundation website. Retrieved 21 May 2018.
- Maulana Sami-ul-Haq, Senate of Pakistan
- Hussain, Zahid (2008-07-01). Frontline Pakistan: The Struggle with Militant Islam. Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231142250.
- Westhead, Rick (May 13, 2009). "Inside Pakistan's Jihad U". The Toronto Star.
"This is not a (terrorist) training centre," says Rashid ul-Haq. His grandfather established the madrassa in 1947 and his father, Maulana Sami ul-Haq, was a Pakistani senator for 18 years and is one of Haqqani's directors.
- "Pakistani 'Father of Taliban' keeps watch over loyal disciples". Maria Golovnina and Sheree Sardar. Reuters News Agency website. 15 September 2013. Retrieved 21 May 2018.
... Haq said, alternating between Pakistan’s official Urdu and his native Pashto language. Haq, who speaks fluent Arabic, ...
- Ali, Imtiaz (27 January 2009). "Maulana Sami ul-Haq: Father of the Taliban" (audio). Post-Conflict Reconstruction Project. Center for Strategic and International Studies. Retrieved 21 May 2018.
- "Taliban Training the Pakistan". Deutsche Welle. 23 May 2015.
- Westhead, Rick (May 13, 2009). "Inside Pakistan's Jihad U". The Toronto Star.
In 1997, Sami ul-Haq received a phone call from Omar, the Taliban leader. The Taliban had been defeated in an attempt to capture Mazar-e-Sharif in northern Afghanistan and Omar needed reinforcements. "Mullah Omar personally rang me to request that I let these students go to Afghanistan on leave since they are needed there," ul-Haq was quoted as saying in Pakistan journalist Ahmed Rashid's book, Taliban. Ul-Haq agreed to help Omar and briefly shut down his school to help his students arrange passage through the Khyber Pass to Afghanistan.
- Dalrymple, William. "Inside the Madrasas". The New York Review of Books.
Here, straddling the noisy, truck-thundering Islamabad highway, stands the Haqqania, one of the most radical of the religious schools called madrasas. Many of the Taliban leaders, including Mullah Omar, were trained at this institution.
- Siddiqui, Taha (11 February 2012). "Tahreek-e-Labbaiyak Pakistan Part 1/2: Jihadis itch for resurgence". The Express Tribune (newspaper). Retrieved 21 May 2018.
- "Five DPC parties plan new electoral alliance". Dawn. December 6, 2012.
Maulana Sami was also among the founders of a six-party religious alliance, Muttahida Majlis Amal ahead of 2002 polls that later ruled Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan under Musharraf regime.
- "Maulana Sami-ul-Haq". www.senate.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 27 February 2012. Retrieved 21 May 2018.
- "Maulana Samiul Haq". www.senate.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 9 December 2007. Retrieved 21 May 2018.
- Wasim, Amir (April 20, 2013). "Few election alliances this time". Dawn.
The Muttahida Deeni Mahaz (MDM), a group of five small religious parties and groups headed by Maulana Samiul Haq of the Jamiat-Ulema-i-Islam-Sami (JUI-S), is the only electoral alliance that is fielding its candidates in the May 11 elections.
- "Muttahida Deeni Mahaz–another Political Alliance Formed". jamhuriat.pk. Archived from the original on 16 June 2013. Retrieved 21 May 2018.
- "Afghan govt approaches Samiul Haq to mediate in peace talks with Taliban". The Express Tribune. October 1, 2018.
- Gannon, Kathy (November 14, 1991). "Religious Cleric Leaves Government After Linked To Sex Scandal". apnews.com.
- Nasir, Abbas (December 15, 1991). "Clergy rocked by Madame Tahira's startling revelations". India Today.
- "Pakistan cleric Maulana Sami ul-Haq backs polio campaign". BBC. 10 December 2013.
- Khan, Ismail (2018-11-03). "Obituary: 'Father of Afghan Taliban' who supported polio drive at home". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2018-11-03.
- "One drop at a time: Fatwa issued in favour of polio vaccination campaign". The Express Tribune. 10 December 2013. Retrieved 21 May 2018.
- "JUI-S chief Maulana Samiul Haq assassinated in Rawalpindi". Geo News. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
- "Maulana Samiul Haq assassinated at Rawalpindi residence". Dawn.
- "Slain Maulana Samiul Haq laid to rest in Darul Uloom Haqqania". The News International. November 3, 2018.
- "'Father of Taliban' Mullah Sami Ul-Haq Killed in Pakistan: Deputy". The New York Times.
- Farooq, Umer (November 3, 2018). "Maulana Samiul Haq laid to rest". The Express Tribune.
- "Politicians condemn brutal murder of JUI-S chief Maulana Samiul Haq". Dawn. November 2, 2018.
- Naseer, Tahir (3 November 2018). "Maulana Samiul Haq laid to rest, domestic staff interrogated in connection with his murder". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2018-11-03.
- Pakistan religious schools get scrutiny, Mark Magnier, Los Angeles Times
- The 'university of holy war', Haroon Rashid, BBC Online
- Pakistan: The Taliban takeover, Ziauddin Sardar, New Statesman
- Education mullah style, Tony Cross, Radio France Internationale
- EU snub for hardline Pakistan MP, BBC News Online
- EU snub draws Pakistani protest, BBC News Online
- Maulana Sami ul Haq – Khyber.org website