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Same-sex marriage has been legal in the Mexican state of Nayarit since 23 December 2015. A bill for legalization was approved by the state Congress on 17 December 2015, in a 26-1 vote, with 1 abstention. It was published in the official journal, following the Governor's signature, on 22 December 2015 and took effect the following day.

HistoryEdit

 
Same-sex unions performed in Mexican states
  Same-sex marriages performed*
  Civil unions performed; marriage by amparo only
  Marriage not performed (except by amparo) despite Supreme Court order
  Marriage accessible by amparo or by traveling out of state
*Legislation is not equal in all states. See details.

InjunctionsEdit

In July 2014, a male same-sex couple was allowed to hold Nayarit's first same-sex wedding after a year of legal work.[1] On 8 July, a federal judge ruled the state's same-sex marriage ban unconstitutional.[2] The couple married in the state capital of Tepic. Four lesbian couples requested injunctions after being denied marriage licenses by the Civil Registry in early July 2014.[3] On 31 October 2014, it was announced by the Asociación Civil de CODISE that nine couples were awaiting decisions on injunctions.[4] On 3 November 2014, a lesbian couple married in Tepic (the second same-sex marriage in the state) after being granted an injunction.[5] On 13 November 2014, the third same-sex marriage was held in Tepic for a lesbian couple who had gained an amparo (injunction) on 22 October 2014.[6] The 4th same-sex marriage in Nayarit took place in the second week of December 2014, making it the third lesbian union in the state.[7] On 27 January 2015, the 5th same-sex marriage occurred in Tepic between two women. It was the first marriage in which the injunction had been approved by local authorities, rather than the federal district courts.[8][9]

Legislative actionEdit

On 13 March 2015, members of CODISE handed Congress a bill to legalise same-sex marriage.[10]

On 25 June 2015, Deputy Luis Manuel Hernández Escobedo, from the Party of the Democratic Revolution, introduced a new bill allowing same-sex couples to marry and making the definition of concubinage gender-neutral.[11] On 17 December 2015, Congress approved the bill, in a 26-1 vote, with 1 abstention.[12][13] The bill was published in the official journal, following Governor Roberto Sandoval Castañeda's signature, on 22 December 2015, and took effect the following day.[14]

Article 135 of the Nayarit Civil Code now reads as follows:

  • in Spanish: El matrimonio es un contrato civil, por el cual dos personas, se unen en sociedad para realizar vida en común, procurando entre ambos respeto, igualdad y ayuda mutua.

Article 136 now reads as follows:

  • in Spanish: El concubinato es la unión de hecho entre dos personas, que realizan en forma continua, pública e ininterrumpida una vida en común de manera notoria y permanente, sin que medie vínculo matrimonial entre sí, o con terceras personas.
Political party[15] Members Yes No Abstain Absent
  Institutional Revolutionary Party 15 14 1
  National Action Party 6 4 1 1
  Party of the Democratic Revolution 5 5
  Labor Party 2 2
  Ecologist Green Party 2 1 1
Total 30 26 1 1 2

Adoption by same-sex couplesEdit

The same-sex marriage legislation, which took effect in December 2015, does not address same-sex adoptions.[11]

In October 2016, a federal judge ruled that the daughter of a married lesbian couple must be registered with the surnames of both her mothers. The judge argued that denying the application for registration of the newborn violates the interests of the child and violates the right to identity (i.e. name, nationality and affiliation).[16] A few days later, the head of the Civil Registry announced that the state will continue to refuse to register both surnames of same-sex parents unless Congress changes the law or if more amparos are granted by the courts.[17]

It was revealed in May 2018 that 8 same-sex couples were filing applications to adopt.[18] According to a 2017 survey by CONAPRED, 44% of the Nayarit population supported adoption by same-sex couples.[19]

Public opinionEdit

A 2017 opinion poll conducted by Gabinete de Comunicación Estratégica found that 50% of Nayarit residents supported same-sex marriage. 47% were opposed.[20]

According to a 2018 survey by the Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI), 39% of the Nayarit public opposed same-sex marriage.[21]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Se consumó en Tepic matrimonio gay que había quedado pendiente". Periodico Avance. 1 July 2014. Archived from the original on 6 July 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. ^ "Tribunales confirman validez del matrimonio gay en Nayarit". El Economista. 8 July 2014.
  3. ^ "4 parejas de mujeres solicitan casarse en Tepic". nayaritenlinea.mx.
  4. ^ "Nueve parejas gay buscan casarse en Nayarit". nayaritenlinea.mx.
  5. ^ "El Universal - Los Estados - Legalizan matrimonio de dos mujeres en Nayarit". El Universal. 27 July 2015.
  6. ^ "Segunda boda entre mujeres en Nayarit". La Jornada.
  7. ^ "Realidades de Nayarit _". periodicorealidadesmx.com.
  8. ^ Administrator. "Celebra Registro Civil Matrimonio Monoparental Entre Mujeres". elpulsodenayarit.com.
  9. ^ Se Formalizó Matrimonio De Personas del Mismo Sexo
  10. ^ Adán Rentería. "Comunidad gay entrega iniciativa al Congreso". Periódico Enfoque Nayarit. Archived from the original on December 24, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  11. ^ a b Iniciativa con proyecto de decreto, que reforma diversas disposiciones del Código Civil para el Estado de Nayarit, para reconocer el matrimonio entre personas del mismo sexo
  12. ^ "Aprueba el Congreso de Nayarit los matrimonios gay" (in Spanish). La Jornada. December 17, 2015. Archived from the original on December 20, 2015. Retrieved December 18, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  13. ^ Fourth Mexico state legalizes gay marriage
  14. ^ "Periodico Oficial, Organo Del Gobierno Del Estado De Nayarit" (PDF). 22 December 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 January 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  15. ^ RESULTADOS TOTALES DE VOTACION
  16. ^ (in Spanish) Hija de matrimonio igualitario deberá ser registrada con apellido de sus dos madres
  17. ^ (in Spanish) Naya Vidal: Parejas igualitarias sólo pueden registrar hijos con amparo
  18. ^ (in Spanish) Ocho parejas entre personas del mismo sexo en Nayarit realizan trámite para adoptar
  19. ^ (in Spanish) 40% de los potosinos aprueba que parejas gay adopten: Conapred
  20. ^ (in Spanish) Encuesta nacional 2017, Gabinete de Comunicación Estratégica
  21. ^ (in Spanish) #Data | ¿Quién está en contra del matrimonio gay?