Saint-Alban, Quebec

Saint-Alban is a municipality in the Capitale-Nationale region of Quebec, Canada. The place is known for its caves and crevices, and the gorge of the Sainte-Anne River.

Saint-Alban
Barrage de l'ancienne centrale hydroélectrique Saint-Alban 2 (14) - Saint-Alban.JPG
Location within Portneuf RCM
Location within Portneuf RCM
Saint-Alban is located in Central Quebec
Saint-Alban
Saint-Alban
Location in central Quebec
Coordinates: 46°43′00″N 72°05′00″W / 46.716667°N 72.083333°W / 46.716667; -72.083333Coordinates: 46°43′00″N 72°05′00″W / 46.716667°N 72.083333°W / 46.716667; -72.083333[1][2]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionCapitale-Nationale
RCMPortneuf
Settled1830
ConstitutedDecember 31, 1991
Government
 • MayorLynn Audet
 • Federal ridingPortneuf—Jacques-Cartier
 • Prov. ridingPortneuf
Area
 • Total159.10 km2 (61.43 sq mi)
 • Land149.53 km2 (57.73 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[4]
 • Total1,225
 • Density8.2/km2 (21/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011
Increase 7.6%
 • Dwellings
764
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area codes367, 418, 581
Highways Route 354
Websitest-alban.qc.ca Edit this at Wikidata (in French)

HistoryEdit

 
Saint-Alban Convent in 1930

The first settlers, coming from Saint-Ambroise-de-la-Jeune-Lorette, Deschambault, Grondines, and Sainte-Anne-de-la-Perade, began clearing the area around 1830. In 1851, a mill was built that led to the development of the village. In 1856, the parish was founded, followed by the post office in 1857, and the parish municipality in 1860. Its official full name was Saint-Alban-d'Alton, and named after Saint Alban, the first martyr in Britain in the third century. Alton refers to its location in the geographic township of Alton, formed in 1841, and named after a town in Hampshire, England.[1]

In January 1918, the village centre itself separated from the parish municipality and was incorporated as the Village Municipality of Saint-Alban. In 1991, the parish and village municipalities merged again to form the new Municipality of Saint-Alban.[1]

1894 LandslideEdit

On 27 April 1894, Canada's largest known landslide occurred in Saint-Alban.[5] Displacing 185 million cubic metres (6.5×10^9 cu ft) of rock and dirt, leaving a 40 metres (130 ft) scar, that covered 4.6 million square metres (50×10^6 sq ft).[6]

DemographicsEdit

Population trend:[7]

  • Population in 2011: 1225 (2006 to 2011 population change: 7.6%)
  • Population in 2006: 1138
  • Population in 2001: 1170
  • Population in 1996: 1159
  • Population in 1991: 1176

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 552 (total dwellings: 764)

Mother tongue:

  • English as first language: 0%
  • French as first language: 100%
  • English and French as first language: 0%
  • Other as first language: 0%

GalleryEdit

Saint-Alban landslide, 1894

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Mariages de St-Alban (comté Portneuf) 1856-1900 (in French), compiled by Benoit Pontbriand, agronomist, 1965, 63 pages.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Commission de toponymie du Québec (24 April 1992). "Saint-Alban (municipalité)". Toponymie.gouv.qc.ca (in French). Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  2. ^ Natural Resources Canada (24 April 1992). "Canadian Geographical Names Data Base: Saint-Alban (EPIMB)". www4.RNCAN.gc.ca. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  3. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire - Répertoire des municipalités: Saint-Alban
  4. ^ a b Statistics Canada 2011 Census - Saint-Alban census profile
  5. ^ "History of Saint-Alban". Saint Alban (in French). City of Saint Alban. Retrieved 4 March 2016.
  6. ^ "Landslides". Get Prepared. Public Safety Canada. Retrieved 4 March 2016.
  7. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 censuses

External linksEdit