The Habar Gidir (Somali: Habar Gidir, Arabic: هبر جدير) is a subclan of the Hawiye and the even larger Samaale clan. It is one of the major sub-clans of the Hawiye and Somali clans in general. This clan has produced many prominent Somali figures including the first Prime Minister of Somalia Abdullahi Isse Mohamud and Somalia's fifth President General Mohamed Farah Aided. The leader of struggle against Italian colony Guuled Farah Jeeh. And First, Second, Third and Fourth Presidents of Galmudug. 
|Somali and Arabic|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Abgaal, and other Hawiye and Samaale|
The Habar Gidir are a Hiraab sub-clan. The patriarch of the Habar Gidir is Madarkicis Hiraab one of the sons of Hiraab. He had two wives. His relationship with Asha Karshe Mohamed bore him two children named Sacad and Saleeban. With Raaray Gidir Karanle he had two more children named Ayr and Suruur. When Asha died he pled with Raaray Gidir to raise and care for his children from Asha as if they were her own. She obliged to his wish. Madarkicis Hiraab's gratitude toward her kind act is eternally shown in how his descendants are not named after him but Raaray Gidir. This is the origin story for where the name Habar Gidir stems from.
The Habar Gidir are a sub-clan of the Hawiye. This gives the Habar Gidir immediate lineal ties with the other Hawiye sub-clans.The Hawiye descend from Irir Samaale who was one of the sons of Samaale. Due to this the Habar Gidir also have kinship with the Dir (Irir) and the other Samaale sub-clans that are the Hawadle, Ajuran, Degoodi, and Gaalje'el clan groups.
The Habar Gidir primarily live in the central regions of Mudug and Galgaduud in Galmudug and in Hiran located in Hirshabelle. This clan also found Southern Somalia especially in Banaadir (Mogadishu), middle shabelle and Lower Shabelle where they have a large presence. Moreover, they can be found in some parts of Jubaland. Furthermore, in Somalia they have a significant presence in the northern regions of Togdheer and Sool.The clan also lives in the Somali region of Ethiopia in particular the areas neighboring Galmudug. In addition to this the Habar Gidir can also be found in the expatriate communities of the Somali diaspora.
Role and Influence in SomaliaEdit
The Habar Gidir clan has produced many prominent Somali figures. Guuleed Faarah Jeeh was one of prominent Somalis. He was from Habargidir, Sacad Reer Nima'ale.
The first prime minister of Somalia Abdullahi Issa Mohamud was from this clan, he was from Habargidir, Sa'ad, Reer Nima'ale. Somalia's fifth president Abdiqasim Salad Hassan was also a member from Habagidir, Ayr, Absiiye. They have also held many other important and high ranking positions in governance with a large variety that includes Minister of Economic Affairs, Minister of Foreign Affairs, head of Somali National Security, chief of staff of the Somali armed forces, and many more.
Habargidir Also produced of the famous African leader Gen Mohamed Farah Aided, who fought against, Siyad Barre, who defeated U.S.A in Somalia in 1993, he was the leader of USC.
In addition to this, the Habar Gidir are at the forefront of civics in the central state of Galmudug. The state was conceived and established by them to govern were they traditionally live in central Somalia. Their role in Somali affairs is not limited to only governance. Habar Gidirs also play an important role in business. For instance the head of the Somali airline company Jubba Airways is Habar Gidir. The clan has also produced many influential members of the Somali media. Yusuf Garaad Omar who was the chairman of BBC Somali for over a decade and helped pioneer its rise during his tenure is Habar Gidir. Magool and Hasan Adan Samatar who are among some of the most famous Somali musicians of all time also hail from this clan. Currently the Habar Gidir play a large role primarily in the Somali regions of Galmudug and Banaadir (Mogadishu) but also Somalia as a whole.
Ali Jimale Ahmed outlines the Hawiye clan genealogical tree in The Invention of Somalia:
- Kaariye Karanle
- Gidir Karanle
- Sixaawle Karanale
- Murusade Karanle
- Fadumo Karanle
- Abdullahi Issa - 1st Prime Minister of Somalia 1956-1960, Also the Chairman of the Somali Youth League 1949-1960
- General Mohamed Farah Aided - Leader of the United Somali Congress (USC) who ousted Siad Barre's regime then later fought with the Americans.
- Abdiqasim Salad - 5th President of Somalia 2000-2004
- Mohamed Warsame Ali - 1st President of Galmudug
- Abdi Qeybdid - Former Somali police Chief and 2nd President of Galmudug
- Abdullahi Ahmed Addow - Former Somalia Ambassador to the United States 1970–1980
- General Mohamed Nur Galaal - Ogaden war Veteran commanding Diri Dawa
- Ibrahim Addou - Former Professor of Washington University. Foreign Minister of the Union of Islamic courts in 2006
- Mohamoud Gacmodhere - politician and former Presidential candidate.
- Osman Ali Atto -Somali businessman, affiliated with the Somali National Alliance.
- Asha Haji Elmi - Peace Activist
- Elman Ali Ahmed - Entrepreneur and Social Activist
- Haji Farah Ali Omar - Minister for Economic Affairs of Somalia 1956–1960
- Aden Ayrow - Leader of Al-Shabaab; died in United States air strike, 2008
- Hassan Dahir Aweys - Leader of Hizbul Islam and Head of the council of the Islamic Courts of Somalia
- Hussein Mohamed Farrah - Somali National Alliance (SNA), Somalia Reconciliation and Restoration Council (SRRC) and Transitional Federal Government (TFG) leader, son of Mohammed Farah Aidid
- Yusuf Mohammed Siad Inda'ade - Head of Security Affairs for the Islamic Courts Union
- Abdikarim Hussein Guled - Former Minister of National Security of Somalia, Minister of Interior and Federal affairs, 4th President of Galmudug state.
- Ahmed Duale Gelle - 5th President of Galmudug state.
- K’naan, Somali Canadian poet, rapper, singer, songwriter, and instrumentalist.
- Haliima Magool (Halima Khaliif Omar), singer and musician
- Hasan Adan Samatar, singer and musician
- Abdi Indhobuur, poet and composer of many patriotic songs abdulahi abdi weheliye also Sulfa, Salaad Derbi, Nuur eebo, Keynaan, and many more
- Abdulqaadir Jubba, singer and musician
- Jibriil Ahmed Omar, musician and fashion designer
- Tubeec, singer and musician
- Fartuun Birimo, singer and musician
- Hanad Hassan Omar Aka Jeshka Master of Glorification Founder of Mali Castle Empire
- Amina Said Ali, author, poet, and medical scientist.
- Bussdown Amiana onagang, president of TO lifestyle, Pride ambassador, weak beardgame world champion 2019 and the master of Flibiana and Fabiana from the Fake Carab Gang
- Somalia at the Crossroads. Adonis & Abbey. 2007. p. 10.
- Horn of Africa Bulletin, Volume 12. Life & Peace Institute. 2000. p. 21. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
- Ali Jimale Ahmed (1995). The Invention of Somalia. Lawrenceville, NJ: Red Sea. p. 123. ISBN 0-932415-98-9.
- Lewis, I. M. (1998-01-01). Peoples of the Horn of Africa: Somali, Afar and Saho. Red Sea Press. p. 25. ISBN 9781569021057.
- Lewis, I. M. (1998-01-01). Peoples of the Horn of Africa: Somali, Afar and Saho. Red Sea Press. ISBN 9781569021057.
At the end of the book "Tribal Distribution of Somali Afar and Saho"
- Verdier, Isabelle (1997-05-31). Ethiopia: the top 100 people. Indigo Publications. p. 13. ISBN 9782905760128.
- Hayward, R. J.; Lewis, I. M. (2005-08-17). Voice and Power. Routledge. p. 242. ISBN 9781135751753.
- The Quranyo section of the Garre claim descent from Dirr, who are born of the Irrir Samal. UNDP Paper in Kenya http://www.undp.org/content/dam/kenya/docs/Amani%20Papers/AP_Volume1_n2_May2010.pdf
- Adam, Hussein Mohamed; Ford, Richard (1997-01-01). Mending rips in the sky: options for Somali communities in the 21st century. Red Sea Press. p. 127. ISBN 9781569020739.
- Ahmed, Ali Jimale (1995-01-01). The Invention of Somalia. The Red Sea Press. p. 121. ISBN 9780932415998.
- "Jilib Riverine Nutritional Assesment Middle Juba Region" (PDF). FSAU/UNICEF/WORLD CONCERN/AFREC. May 2006.
- "De-classified Documents: Foreign Relations of the United States 1964-1968, Volume XXIV Africa:346. Memorandum From the Under Secretary of State (Katzenbach) to President Johnson: March 12, 1968". Somali Watch (source: US Department of State, Washington). November 29, 2000. Archived from the original on 20 November 2010. Retrieved 1 November 2010. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "SOMALIA PM Said "Cabinet will work tirelessly for the people of Somalia"". Midnimo. 17 January 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2014.