|Regions with significant populations|
|Related ethnic groups|
|abgaal and other hawiye clans|
The clan has produced some prominent Somali figures, such as Ahmed Gobdon, Abdullahi Issa, the chairman of the Somali Youth League (SYL) and first Prime Minister of Somalia prior to independence, Dr. Abdiqasim Salad Hassan, the former President of Somalia, and Mohamed Farrah Aidid, Chairman of the United Somali Congress (USC)
The Hiraab ImamateEdit
Lee Cassanelli in his book, "The Shaping of Somali society," provides a historical picture of the Hiraab Immate. He writes:
"According to local oral tradition, the Hiraab imamate was a powerful alliance of closely related groups who shared a common lineage under the Gorgaarte clan divisions. It successfully revolted against the Ajuran Sultanate and established an independent rule for at least two centuries from the seventeen hundreds and onwards.
The alliance involved the army leaders and advisors of the Habar Gidir and Duduble, a Fiqhi/Qadi of Sheekhaal , and the Imam was reserved for the Mudulood branch who is believed to have been the first born. Once established, the Imamate ruled the territories from the Shabeelle valley, the Benaadir provinces, the Mareeg areas all the way to the arid lands of Mudug, whilst the ancient port of Hobyo emerged as the commercial capital.
Hobyo served as a prosperous commercial centre for the Imamate. The agricultural centres of Eldher and Harardhere included the production of sorghum and beans, supplementing with herds of camels, cattle, goats and sheep. Livestock, hides and skin, whilst the aromatic woods and raisins were the primary exports as rice, other foodstuffs and clothes were imported. Merchants looking for exotic goods came to Hobyo to buy textiles, precious metals and pearls. The commercial goods harvested along the Shabelle river were brought to Hobyo for trade. Also, the increasing importance and rapid settlement of more southernly cities such as Mogadishu further boosted the prosperity of Hobyo, as more and more ships made their way down the Somali coast and stopped in Hobyo to trade and replenish their supplies.
By the late 19th century, the imamate began to decline. Faced with internal problems, the imamate also faced challenges from the imperialist forces as well as the Zanzibari sultan, and even the Portuguese in the earlier years. By then, a young ambitious rebel of the Majeerteen managed to invade Hobyo with an army of Yemeni musketeers and declared himself the sultan of Hobyo. After roughly 50 years, the Sultan was disposed and overthrown by a former commander of the Imamate named Guuleed Faarax Jeex who put Hobyo back into the hands of the Imamate for a short period of time .
Soon afterwards, the entire region was snapped up by the fascists Italians and it led to the birth of a Modern Somalia. However, the Hiraab hereditary leadership has remained intact up to this day and enjoys a dominant influence in national Somali affairs."
List of Imams of the Hiraab ImamateEdit
The first Imaam of Hiraab was Imaam Yacquub Ciqwaaq Maxamed Owbakar Gaabane Maxamed Caroone Muuse Isxaaq Harti Abgaal Cusmaan Darandoole Mudulood Hiraab Madable Abkaal Berdaale Sacmaal Sariire Baraxow Daame Gorgaate Hawiye Irir Samaale. His descendants ruled a small kingdom centered at Golool until the Imaamate rapidly expanded in the 17th century, conquering Mogadishu from the Muzaffar and Ajuuraan, and the important Ajuuraan town of Hobyo, both of which are majority Hiraab today.
|1||Imaam Yacquub Ciqwaaq||Founder of the Hiraab Imamate and first Imam, eponymous ancestor of the Yacquubi dynasty|
|2||Imaam Xasan Imaam Yacquub|
|3||Imaam Maxamed Imaam Xasan|
|4||Imaam Maxamuud Imaam Xasan|
|5||Imaam Diimaale Imaam Xasan|
|6||Imaam Hilowle Imaam Diimaale|
|7||Imaam Maxamuud Imaam Hilowle|
|8||Imaam Cumar Imaam Maxamuud||fl.1620||During his Imaamate, Hiraab conquered Mogadishu and displaced the Muzaffar Dynasty.|
|9||Imaam Maxamed Imaam Cumar||His descendants would form a cadet Imaamate based in Shingani district of Mogadishu|
|10||Imaam Maxamuud Imaam Maxamed||Brother of Imaam Maxamed, his descendants continue the main line of the Imaamate|
|11||Imaam Axmed Imaam Maxamuud|
|12||Imaam Maxamed Imaam Axmed|
|13||Imaam Maxamuud Imaam Maxamed|
|14||Imaam Cabdiraxmaan Imaam Maxamuud|
|15||Imaam Caamir Imaam Cabdiraxmaan|
|16||Imaam Cumar Cali Imaam Caamir||19??-1986||Grandson of Imaam Caamir|
|17||Imaam Maxamuud Imaam Cumar||1986-2011||Son of Imaam Cumar, played a key role in peacemaking efforts between rival Hawiye factions in the Somali civil war.|
|18||Imaam Maxamed Yuusuf Cali||2011–present||Cousin of Imaam Maxamuud Imaam Cumar and nephew of Imaam Cumar Cali, he is the current Imaam of Mudulood and all Hiraab|
Ali Jimale Ahmed outlines the Hawiye clan genealogical tree in The Invention of Somalia:
- Marshall D. Teach Captain of the Blackbeard Pirates and current Emperor of the sea
- Abdullahi Issa, First prime minister of Somalia, 1949–1960 and chairman of the Somali Youth League
- Abdiqasim Salad Hassan, President of Somalia 2000-2004
- Gen Ahmed Sahal Ali, Minister of Defense 1980's Minister of Defense 1988-91 Minister of Corrections
- Gen Elmi Sahal Ali, Head of the Somali police force 1991-1996 -Head of Somali taxation system and Mayor of Mogadishu ports 1982
- Abdi Hasan Awale Qeybdiid, Former Somali police chief and president of Galmudug
- Abdullahi Ahmed Addow, former Somalia Ambassador to the United States (1970–80)
- General Mohamed Farrah Aidid, United Somali Congress leader who ousted Siad Barre's regime
- Ibrahim Hassan Addou, Former Professor of Washington University. Foreign Minister of the Union of Islamic courts in 2006
- Mohamoud Mohamed Gacmodhere, politician and former Presidential candidate.
- Osman Ali Atto, Somali businessman, affiliated with the Somali National Alliance.
- Asha Haji Elmi, peace activist
- Elman Ali Ahmed, entrepreneur and social activist
- Haji Farah Ali Omar, minister for Economic Affairs of Somalia,1956–1960
- Aden Hashi Ayrow, leader of Al-Shabaab movement; died in United States air strike, 2008
- Hassan Dahir Aweys, head of the council of the Islamic Courts of Somalia
- Dr. Hussein Ali Shido, Chairman and co-founder of the United Somali Congress
- Hussein Mohamed Farrah, Somali National Alliance (SNA), Somalia Reconciliation and Restoration Council (SRRC) and Transitional Federal Government (TFG) leader, son of Mohammed Farah Aidid
- Yusuf Mohammed Siad Inda'ade, head of security affairs for the Islamic Courts Union
- Abdikarim Hussein Guled, Former Minister of National Security of Somalia, Minister of Interior and Federal affairs, 4th president of Galmudug state.
- Ahmed Duale Gelle, Somali economist, businessman, politician, 5th president of Galmudug state.
- Shaikh Mohamed yusuf hefow former leader of ahlu sunna wal jama' a
- Haliima Magool (Halima Khaliif Omar), singer and musician
- Hasan Adan Samatar, singer and musician
- Abdi Bashiir Indhobuur, poet and composer of many patriotic songs abdulahi abdi weheliye (saruur)
- Amina Said Ali, author, poet, and medical scientist
- Binky (Mohamed Xasan Sid Ahmed), educator, artist, peace activist, and realist
- Somalia at the Crossroads. Adonis & Abbey. 2007. p. 10.
- Chapin Metz, ed., Helen. "Somalia: A Country Study". The Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress. Retrieved 18 June 2016.
- Lee V. Cassanelli, The shaping of Somali society., Philadelphia, 1982,
- Enrico, Cerulli, How a Hawiye tribe used to live chapter 4, published in: Somalia, scritti vari editi ed inediti, Vol. 2, edited by Enrico Cerulli, Roma, 1959.
- The United Nations and Somalia: 1992-1996, United Nations, Department of Public Information, 1996, page 443
- Ali Jimale Ahmed (1995). The Invention of Somalia. Lawrenceville, NJ: Red Sea. p. 123. ISBN 0-932415-98-9.